6ART PRIOR TO RENAISSANCE FLAT , LACKING DEPTH & PERSPECTIVE
7ART PRIOR TO THE RENAISSANCE STIFF AND ARTIFICIAL
8THE RENAISSANCE GIOTTO PAVES THE WAY b. 1266, GIOTTO WAS CONSIDERED A FORERUNNER OF ITALIAN RENAISSANCE PAINTINGA MORE REALISTIC APPROACHA DESIRE TO IMITATE NATUREHIS FIGURES WERE SOLID & ROUNDED3- DIMENSIONAL, BUT APPROXIMATE
9RENAISSANCE & NATURERENAISSANCE ARTISTS CONSIDERED THE IMITATION OF NATURE AS THEIR PRIMARY GOALHUMANS WERE PLACED IN THE CENTERMASACCIO ( ) PICKED UP WHERE GIOTTO LEFT OFF
10RENAISSANCE INTEREST IN ANTIQUITY RENAISSANCE ARTISTS HAD A KEEN INTEREST IN CLASSICAL ART, PHILOSOPHY AND VALUESBOTTICELLI’S PRIMAVERA IS CENTERED AROUND VENUS (THE GODDESS OF LOVE)
23BAROQUE ART: A CATHOLIC COUNTER Baroque Art emerged around 1600, as an reaction against the intricate and formulaic Mannerist style which dominated the Late Renaissance. Baroque Art is less complex, more realistic and more emotionally affecting than Mannerism.CARAVAGGIO
26ROCOCOThe Rococo style succeeded Baroque Art in Europe. It was centered in France, and is generally associated with the reign of King Louis XV ( ). It is a light, elaborate and decorative style of art.KING LOUIS XV
29NEO-CLASSICAL ART: MID 18TH TO EARLY 19TH CENTURY Neoclassical is a severe, unemotional form of art harkening back to the style of ancient Greece and Rome. Its rigidity was a reaction to the Rococo style and the emotional Baroque style. Part of a general revival of classical thought, which was of some importance in the American and French revolutions.MENGS
30NEOCLASSICAL= NEW CLASSICAL OATH OF HORATIIJACQUES-LOUIS DAVID
32ROMANTICISM: THE ANTI-CLASSICAL Late 18th Century to Mid 19th CenturyRomanticism might best be described as anti-Classicism. A reaction against Neoclassicism, it is a deeply-felt style which is individualistic, beautiful, exotic, and emotionally wrought. Although Romanticism and Neoclassicism were philosophically opposed, they were the dominant European styles for generations, and many artists were affected to a greater or lesser degree by both. Artists might work in both styles at different times or even mix the styles, creating an intellectually Romantic work using a Neoclassical visual style, for example. Great artists closely associated with Romanticism include J.M.W. Turner, Caspar David Friedrich, John Constable, and William Blake.
35JOHN CONSTABLEROMANTICS USED IMAGES OF NATURE IN THEIR WORK
36REALISM Mid-19th Century COURBET’S STONEBREAKERSMid-19th CenturyRealism is an approach to art in which subjects are portrayed in as straightforward manner as possible, without idealizing them and without following the rules of formal theory.
42POST-IMPRESSIONISM Post-Impressionism France, 1880's to 1900 Post-Impressionism is an umbrella term used to describe a variety of artists who were influenced by Impressionism but took their art in different directions. There is no single well-defined style of Post-Impressionism, but in general it is less casual and more interested in formal structure and broad fields of color.CEZANNE
45PointillismFrance, 1880'sPointillism is a form of painting in which the use of tiny primary-color dots is used to generate secondary colors. It is an offshoot of Impressionism, and is usually classified as a form of Post-Impressionism. Pointillism is focused on the specific style of brushwork used to apply the paint.
46GEORGES SEURATSunday Afternoon on the Island of Grand Jatte
47INTO 20TH-CENTURY EXPRESSIONISM Centered in Germany, C.1905 to 1940'sExpressionism is a style of art in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist.KANDINSKY’S IM BLAU
50CUBISMEurope,Cubism was developed between about 1908 and 1912 in a collaboration between Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Their influences were Tribal Art and the work of Paul Cezanne. The movement itself was not long-lived or widespread, but it began an immense creative explosion. Key concept of Cubism is that the essence of objects can only be captured by showing it from multiple points of view simultaneously.PICASSO SELF PORTRAIT
53DadaJEAN ARPEurope,Dada was a protest by a group of European artists against World War I, bourgeois society, and the conservatism of traditional thought. Its followers used non sequiturs and absurdities to create artworks and performances which defied intellectual analysis
56FuturismItaly,Futurism is an Italian modernist movement celebrating the technological era. It was largely inspired by the development of Cubism. The core themes of Futurist thought and art were machines and motion.UMBERTO BOCCIONI
59SurrealismEurope, 1924 to 1950'sSurrealism is a style in which fantastic visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the artwork logically comprehensible. Founded by Andre Breton in 1924, it was a primarily European movement which attracted many members of the chaotic Dada movement. It was deeply influenced by the psychoanalytic work of Freud and Jung.
62Abstract Expressionism Centered in New York City, 1946 to 1960'sAbstract Expressionism is a form of art in which the artist expresses himself purely through the use of form and color. It is form of non-representational, or non-objective, art, which means that there are no concrete objects represented. Now considered to be the first American artistic movement of worldwide importance, the term was originally used to describe the work of Arshile Gorky, Willem de Kooning, and Jackson Pollock.
63ARSHILE GORKYHow My Mother's Embroidered Apron Unfolds in My Life
66POSTMODERN ARTThe remaining slides are widely considered to be Postmodern. Started after WWII (many feel it began in the 1960s) this movement reflects a tendency in art, thought and culture, to distrust objectivity, authority, universality, and moral and ideological absolutes. Postmodern artists tend to mix styles, cultures, techniques, and high and low forms. Often ironic or critical.
67Pop Art1950's to 1960'sPop Art is a style of art which explores the everyday imagery which is part of contemporary consumer culture. Common sources include advertisements, consumer product packaging, celebrities, and comic strips. Leading Pop artists include Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Jaspar Johns.
73OPTICAL ART1950's to 1960'sOptical Art is a mathematically-oriented form of (usually) Abstract art, which uses repetition of simple forms and colors to create vibrating effects, moiré patterns, an exaggerated sense of depth, foreground-background confusion, and other visual effects.BRIDGET RILEY
76PHOTOREALISM1960's to 1970'sPhotorealism is a movement which began in the late 1960's, in which scenes are painted in a style closely resembling photographs. The subject matter is usually mundane and without particular interest; the true subject of a photorealist work is the way we unconsciously interpret photographs and paintings in order to create a mental image of the object represented.
79MINIMALISM Emerged in the 1960's Minimalism is a style of art in which objects are stripped down to their elemental, geometric form, and presented in an impersonal manner. It is an Abstract form of art which developed as a reaction against the subjective elements of Abstract Expressionism.FRANK STELLA
83Essay PracticeCompare the ways in which the two works of art reproduced below express the artistic, philosophical, and cultural values of their times.Michelangelo, David, Giacametti, Man Pointing, 1947