Presentation on theme: "Building Knowledge Through Experience Tarali Spong Michelle Penrod Nicole Sirbu Constructivism:"— Presentation transcript:
Building Knowledge Through Experience Tarali Spong Michelle Penrod Nicole Sirbu Constructivism:
Summary of the Theory Learning is a search for meaning Meaning requires understanding wholes as well as parts The purpose of learning is for an individual to construct his or her own meaning, not just memorize the "right" answers and regurgitate someone else's meaning.
Summary of the Theory Learners construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences Active creators of our own knowledge (adding to or modifying existing schema) Constructivist Buzzwords: –cooperative learning settings –student-centered classrooms –problem solving –inquiry-based
Reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world we live in.
The History of Constructivism
The Main Men Socrates BC: asked directed questions that led students to realize for themselves the weaknesses in their thinking, encouraged dialogue Jean Piaget : knowledge is build on experiences that creates schemas, ages and stages of development (Cognitive Constructivism) Lev Vygotsky : knowledge comes from cultural and social influences and experiences with peers, teachers, parents, etc. (Social Constructivism) Jerome Bruner 1915-present: learning is an active process, new ideas based on current or previous knowledge
Other Noteworthy Theorists David Ausubel Seymour Papert John D. Bransford Ernst von Glasersfeld Eleanor Duckworth George Forman Roger Schank Jacqueline Grennon Brooks Martin G. Brooks
How Constructivism Impacts Learning Curriculum –calls for the elimination of a standardized curriculum –promotes using curricula customized to the students' prior knowledge –emphasizes hands-on problem solving
How Constructivism Impacts Learning cont. Instruction –focus on making connections between facts and fostering new understanding in students –tailor teaching strategies to student responses and encourage students to analyze, interpret, and predict information –rely heavily on open-ended questions and promote extensive dialogue among students
How Constructivism Impacts Learning cont. Assessment –calls for the elimination of grades and standardized testing –becomes part of the learning process so that students play a larger role in judging their own progress (self- assessment)
Comparison to Traditional Classroom Learning There are significant differences in basic assumptions about knowledge, students, and learning that exist between traditional and constructivist-based classrooms. ex_sub1.html
BEHAVIORISTCONSTRUCTIVIST Basic skillsBig concepts Fixed curriculumStudent driven curriculum Textbooks, workbooksManipulatives, etc. RepetitionInteractive, build on schema Teacher directedStudent directed Knowledge is inertKnowledge is dynamic Individual workCooperative learning Traditional testingAuthentic, ongoing assessment A Classroom Comparison
The Downfalls of Constructivism Time Consuming for teacher and learner Higher demands on learners Difficult to create detailed lesson plan because so much variation is possible Not the only orientation to learning you will ever need
Investigations Math The goal of the Investigations program is to have children thrive in their exploration of math and enjoy mathematics in the process.
Montessori Schools It is necessary for the teacher to guide the child without letting him feel her presence too much, so that she may always be ready to supply the desired help, but may never be the obstacle between the child and his experience.