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Improving Police-Community Relations Through Community Policing National Crime Prevention Council 2007–2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Improving Police-Community Relations Through Community Policing National Crime Prevention Council 2007–2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Improving Police-Community Relations Through Community Policing National Crime Prevention Council 2007–2008

2 2 Goal of This Presentation To help participants understand how relations between the community and law enforcement can be strengthened through community policing strategies

3 National Crime Prevention Council3 Objectives Define community policing and its principles Describe the benefits and the importance of citizen involvement Identify strategies for effective communication Identify the six factors for improving police community relations Describe the benefits of Neighborhood Watch

4 National Crime Prevention Council4 Crime Prevention As a Bridge Crime Prevention efforts reduce polarization that sometimes exists between police and citizens. Community Policing, Neighborhood Watch, Orange Hat Patrols, Weed and Seed, and McGruff programs build a bridge that enables residents and law enforcement to communicate, collaborate, and work together to build safer, more caring communities.

5 National Crime Prevention Council5 The Benefits of Improved Police-Community Relations Improved Relations Allow Police Officers to Police more effectively Find their jobs safer and easier to do Face less litigation and gain longer careers Be treated with greater respect Have better morale

6 National Crime Prevention Council6 The Benefits of Improved Police- Community Relations (continued) Improved Relations Allow Community Residents to Have more trust and less fear of police Have a safer community Have less tension and conflict Gain greater cooperation from police Gain increased safety for children and seniors Gain quicker resolution to crime

7 National Crime Prevention Council7 A Bit of History Community Policing

8 National Crime Prevention Council8 Sir Robert Peel Considered a father of law enforcement Are his principles of policing still applicable today? Absolutely!

9 National Crime Prevention Council9 Sir Robert Peels Nine Principles of Policing 1. The basic mission of the police is to prevent crime and disorder. 2. The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions. 3. Police must secure the willing cooperation of the public. 4. The degree of cooperation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionally to the necessity of the use of force.

10 National Crime Prevention Council10 5. Police seek and preserve public favor. 6. Police use physical force to the extent necessary. 7. Police at all times should maintain a relationship with the public. 8. Police should always direct their actions strictly toward their functions. 9. The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder. Sir Robert Peels Nine Principles of Policing (continued)

11 National Crime Prevention Council11 Community policing is a philosophy that promotes and supports organizational strategies to address the causes of crime, to reduce the fear of crime and social disorder through problem-solving tactics and community-police partnerships. Source: Community Oriented Policing Services Office Community Policing

12 National Crime Prevention Council12 The Eight Ps of Community Policing A PHILOSOPHY of full service, PERSONALIZED POLICING, where the same officer PATROLS and works in the same area on a PERMANENT basis, from a decentralized PLACE, working in PARTNERSHIP with citizens to identify and solve PROBLEMS

13 National Crime Prevention Council13 Community Policing The community-policing philosophy rests on the belief that law-abiding citizens in the community have a responsibility to participate in the police process. It also rests on the belief that solutions to todays contemporary community problems demand freeing both community residents and law enforcement to explore creative ways to address neighborhood concerns beyond a narrow focus on individual crimes.

14 National Crime Prevention Council14 The more the various groups share common values, beliefs, and goals, the more likely it is that they will agree on common goals. Normative Sponsorship Theory Most people are of good will. They will cooperate with others to facilitate the building of consensus.

15 National Crime Prevention Council15 Critical Social Theory Enlightenment Give information Empowerment Take action to improve conditions Emancipation People can achieve through social action

16 National Crime Prevention Council16 Community Relationships Provide Worth in social value A more informed citizenry A more informed citizenry Example to young people and others Example to young people and others Added value Opportunity to learn about law enforcement while working with law enforcementOpportunity to learn about law enforcement while working with law enforcement Learning about citizens concernsLearning about citizens concerns

17 National Crime Prevention Council17 How Do People View the Police?

18 National Crime Prevention Council18 Agencies Opening Their Doors to Citizens Through Citizen Police Academies Why is it important? Who can it benefit?

19 National Crime Prevention Council19 Philosophy of the Citizens Police Academy Agency size and demographics can sometimes create barriers between the police and those they serve. Community policing is paramount to the effectiveness of crime reduction. Police image: There are many misconceptions to dispel.

20 National Crime Prevention Council20 Philosophy of the Citizens Police Academy (continued) Community Community Police Police Business Business Schools Schools Government Government Youth Youth Who Will Benefit From It? EVERYONE!

21 National Crime Prevention Council21 Philosophy of the Citizens Police Academy (continued) Improved cooperation Improved cooperation Less apathy Less apathy Reduction in crime Reduction in crime Reduction in fear of crime Reduction in fear of crime Better communications Better communications Improved police image Improved police image Clear understanding Clear understanding What They Can Accomplish

22 National Crime Prevention Council22 Volunteers in Police Service Volunteers in Police Service (VIPS) Provides support for resource-constrained police departments by incorporating civilian volunteers so that law enforcement professionals have more time for frontline dutyWebsitewww.policevolunteers.org

23 National Crime Prevention Council23 Volunteers in Police Service (continued) Foundations of the VIPS Program 2002 Presidential initiative 2002 Presidential initiative Department of Justice and IACP responsibilities Department of Justice and IACP responsibilitiesConcept Volunteers from the community Volunteers from the community Expanding law enforcement to the community Expanding law enforcement to the community

24 National Crime Prevention Council24 Volunteers in Police Service (continued) Why they are needed Ease demands on law enforcementEase demands on law enforcement Encourage a more informed citizenryEncourage a more informed citizenry Provide an example to young peopleProvide an example to young people Improve cooperation and understanding between the police and their communityImprove cooperation and understanding between the police and their community

25 National Crime Prevention Council25 Considerations of Community Interaction How community volunteers can be used within their community - Legal issues - Safety issues - Expertise issues

26 National Crime Prevention Council26 Community/Police Needs and Support Filling needs with volunteers Coordinating positionCoordinating position Prerecruitment action requiredPrerecruitment action required Role of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)Role of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Match volunteers to the organizations strategic planMatch volunteers to the organizations strategic plan Possible volunteer positions (adapt to local needs)Possible volunteer positions (adapt to local needs)

27 National Crime Prevention Council27 Recruiting and Marketing Recruitment strategy Who is your target?Who is your target? Develop a planDevelop a plan Recognize important existing networks and tap intoRecognize important existing networks and tap into Churches, PTAs, community councils, Kiwanis, Rotarians, etc. Churches, PTAs, community councils, Kiwanis, Rotarians, etc. Elementary and secondary schools Elementary and secondary schools Youth, courts, citizens police academies Youth, courts, citizens police academies

28 National Crime Prevention Council28 Develop organizational marketing materials WebsitesWebsites BrochuresBrochures Fliers/handouts/fact sheetsFliers/handouts/fact sheets Store window postersStore window posters Ads in local papersAds in local papers Cable channel accessCable channel access Recruiting and Marketing (continued)

29 National Crime Prevention Council29 Media assistance Public service announcementsPublic service announcements News releasesNews releases Prerecruitment strategy Secure top management buy-inSecure top management buy-in Develop organization marketing materialsDevelop organization marketing materials Recruiting and Marketing (continued)

30 National Crime Prevention Council30 Position descriptionPosition description Time commitmentTime commitment Defined program activitiesDefined program activities Direct supervisorDirect supervisor Website access for personal record of service/journalWebsite access for personal record of service/journal What Does a Citizen Need To Know Before Volunteering ? How long should volunteers serve?How long should volunteers serve? Age criteriaAge criteria Citizens police academy attendance prior to serviceCitizens police academy attendance prior to service

31 National Crime Prevention Council31 Police Agency Management and Administrative Issues Agency mission, objectives, and goals Define the agencys mission, objectives, and goalsDefine the agencys mission, objectives, and goals Define concepts and political considerations for volunteersDefine concepts and political considerations for volunteers Define objectives and goals within the agencys mission for volunteersDefine objectives and goals within the agencys mission for volunteers Define clear and specific department guidelines for volunteersDefine clear and specific department guidelines for volunteers

32 National Crime Prevention Council32 Develop a prerecruitment strategy according to the Volunteers in Police Services goal to help resource-constrained agenciesDevelop a prerecruitment strategy according to the Volunteers in Police Services goal to help resource-constrained agencies Internal management responsibilitiesInternal management responsibilities External management responsibilitiesExternal management responsibilities Who can manage the programWho can manage the program Training issuesTraining issues Liability issuesLiability issues Funding issuesFunding issues VIPS Management and Administrative Issues

33 National Crime Prevention Council33 Strategies for Effective Communication

34 National Crime Prevention Council34 Trust Building Model TRUST EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION RELATIONSHIP AND PARTNERSHIP BUILDING GREATER FLEXIBILITY AND RANGE OF SOLUTIONS GREATER SUCCESS !

35 National Crime Prevention Council35 The Communication Process Message cues Listener supplies meaning Content Relate to your audience; build rapport

36 National Crime Prevention Council36 The Communication Process (continued) One-way or two-way communication Consider verbal and nonverbal cues Physical appearance Solicit student engagement and participation by using open-ended questions and feedback.

37 National Crime Prevention Council37 Nonverbal Communication Considerations Facial expression Tone of voice Eye contact Touch Personal space TerritorialityTime

38 National Crime Prevention Council38 Building Trust Through Effective Communication Effective Listening Listen to learn and understand, not to challenge or persuade. Listen to learn and understand, not to challenge or persuade. Take turns and listen for facts and feelings. (Both are important.) Take turns and listen for facts and feelings. (Both are important.)

39 National Crime Prevention Council39 Six Factors Necessary To Improve Police-Community Relations

40 National Crime Prevention Council40 The Six Factors 1. Membership 2. Environment 3. Process and Structure 4. Communications 5. Purpose 6. Resources

41 National Crime Prevention Council41 Membership 1. Appropriate cross-section of members 2. Mutual respect, understanding, and trust 3. Members see that collaboration is in their best interest. 4. Members develop an ability to compromise.

42 National Crime Prevention Council42 Environment 1. Political and social climate are favorable. 2. Collaborative group is viewed as a leader in the community. 3. There is a history or evidence of collaboration or cooperation in the community.

43 National Crime Prevention Council43 Process and Structure 1. Members are invested in the process as well as the outcome. 2. Clear roles and responsibilities 3. Flexibility 4. Adaptability 5. Equal decision-making authority is held by each member regardless of rank, authority, or place in the hierarchy.

44 National Crime Prevention Council44 Communication 1. Members learn to listen and allow venting. 2. There is open and frequent communication. 3. Members disclose self interest at first meeting. 4. Members establish informal and formal means of communication.

45 National Crime Prevention Council45 Purpose 1. Concrete, attainable goals and objectives 2. Shared vision 3. Desired results and strategies

46 National Crime Prevention Council46 Resources 1. A skilled and unbiased convener of meetings 2. Staff time and volunteer time 3. Sufficient funds

47 Crime in Your Neighborhood A lack of community involvement may lead to some of the most serious and perplexing problems your community faces.

48 National Crime Prevention Council48 Why Is Community Involvement Important? When members of a community are involved with each other, they know Their neighborsTheir neighbors The daily goings-on in the neighborhoodThe daily goings-on in the neighborhood When something is wrongWhen something is wrong

49 National Crime Prevention Council49 One great way to perpetuate community involvement is through the Neighborhood Watch program.

50 National Crime Prevention Council50 What Is the Neighborhood Watch Program? Neighborhood Watch was established in 1970 to bring residents together to interact and become the guardians for the police in their community.

51 National Crime Prevention Council51 Neighborhood Watch Crime prevention group organized around a block, defined neighborhood, or business district Serves as eyes and ears for law enforcement Helps establish or reclaim informal control of an area by observation, visibility, and increased social interaction Donates time and resources Usually has no formal budget or funding source Success results in reduction in crime and improved quality of life for neighborhood residents

52 National Crime Prevention Council52 The Benefits of Neighborhood Watch Unites the community and increases neighborhood cohesion Reduces fear of crime in the community Improves crime reporting by citizens Increases surveillance in the community Prevents and reduces crime Enhances homeland security

53 National Crime Prevention Council53 The Benefits of Neighborhood Watch (continued) Studies show that Neighborhood Watch is effective because It unites neighbors around a common goalsafety and security. It provides all members basic skills on preventing crime and reporting suspicious activities or crimes. It builds a base for correcting neighborhood problems. It works well with other civic activities.

54 Additional Citizen Actions Discuss your communitys overall security, including lighting, and contact neighbors or the proper authorities to request necessary improvements. Contact your local law enforcement agency and work with it to discuss basic community modifications that may overcome current problems.

55 National Crime Prevention Council55 Are state crime prevention associations and Neighborhood Watch programs involved in community policing and homeland security? Absolutely!

56 National Crime Prevention Council56 How Can Citizens Be More Aware? Be informed Be informed Be alert Be alert Be prepared Be prepared

57 National Crime Prevention Council57 In Conclusion Community policing is the responsibility of both law enforcement and community members. Both have important roles in community policing. There are many ways to involve the community in crime-reduction and problem solving, including community meetings and citizens police academies. Police and local citizens are all members of the community.

58 National Crime Prevention Council58 Questions

59 National Crime Prevention Council59 Special Thanks to Tri-State RCPI for providing their materials for this presentation

60 National Crime Prevention Council60 Resources

61 National Crime Prevention Council61 Resources Community Policing Consortium Volunteers in Police Service (VIPS) Citizen Corps

62 National Crime Prevention Council62 Resources National Sheriffs Association 1450 Duke Street Alexandria, VA

63 National Crime Prevention Council63 The National Crime Prevention Council 2345 Crystal Drive Suite 500 Arlington, VA FAX

64 National Crime Prevention Council64 Presenter Contact Information


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