Presentation on theme: "... the power in microwaves! THE QUEENS AWARDS FOR ENTERPRISE: INTERNATIONAL TRADE 2004 THE QUEENS AWARDS FOR ENTERPRISE: INNOVATION 2005 High-Power Microwave."— Presentation transcript:
... the power in microwaves! THE QUEENS AWARDS FOR ENTERPRISE: INTERNATIONAL TRADE 2004 THE QUEENS AWARDS FOR ENTERPRISE: INNOVATION 2005 High-Power Microwave Applications RADAR TMD Technologies Limited
... the power in microwaves! Introduction of TMD Microwave Tube Research Division 1940s19691995 Varian (CPI) JV 1989 Thorn EMI Electronics TMD Technologies World leading manufacturer of microwave tubes, high voltage power supplies, and transmitters for Radar, EW, Communications, EMC RF testing, and other applications. 1940s developed high power klystrons, for use in the first airborne radars used during the second world war. 1980s commenced development of switched mode power supplies and transmitters for radar & EW applications. In 1995 became wholly owned, fully independent private UK company through a Management Buy Out EMI Electronics
... the power in microwaves! Products Radar & EW Transmitters Radar & EW Transmitters Microwave Power Modules Microwave Power Modules Microwave Tubes Microwave Tubes Cathodes & Electron Guns Cathodes & Electron Guns H V Power Supplies H V Power Supplies Instrumentation Amplifiers Instrumentation Amplifiers Training Training Support Support System Upgrades System Upgrades
... the power in microwaves! Radars Surveillance Guidance/Fire Control SAR Imaging Air Traffic Control Airborne Intercept
... the power in microwaves! TMD Solution Hybrid Transmitter with Solid State Power Conditioning* and MVE (Microwave Vacuum Electronics) power amplification. Hybrid Transmitter with Solid State Power Conditioning* and MVE (Microwave Vacuum Electronics) power amplification. High-performance digital receiver** High-performance digital receiver** (Partner Supplied) *Combination of no-oil solid-potted transformer and high inverter frequency leads to low noise figure **Lower noise combined with higher sensitivity receiver provides increased range and improved target detection *Combination of no-oil solid-potted transformer and high inverter frequency leads to low noise figure **Lower noise combined with higher sensitivity receiver provides increased range and improved target detection
... the power in microwaves! All High Voltage Modules are Solid Dielectric Potted for High Reliability, and require only air cooling within the cabinet. S Band Hybrid Transmitter Fully Modern Hybrid Transmitter System. High Efficiency, High Reliability, and Low Cost of Ownership System to meet the challenge of todays ATC demands. Integrated Electronic Control System providing Interlock, Diagnostic, and Protective Functions. Advanced Solid state Power Conditioning and Modulator. High Reliability MVE Travelling Wave Amplifier (Air Cooled)
... the power in microwaves! Radar Technology Debate Modernity Reliability Cost of Ownership
... the power in microwaves! Radar Technology Debate Microwave Tube Research Division 1940s 1969 1989 1995 Varian (CPI) JV Thorn EMI Electronics TMD Technologies EMI Electronics 1940 Randall & Boot Invent the Cavity magnetron 1947 Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley demonstrated the first transistor 1937 Varian Brothers Produce the first Operating Klystron 1943 Kompfner demonstrates the first TWT Modernity
... the power in microwaves! Fact: The Klystron, Cavity magnetron, Traveling Wave Tube and Transistor were all invented within ten years of one another, and have seen intensive and continuous development ever since. Radar Technology Debate Modernity
... the power in microwaves! Radar Technology Debate Modernity Modern Klystrons provide the backbone of todays TV and Radio Broadcast networks all around the globe, they power the major scientific accelerators that explore the heart of matter, and though diminishing in use in commercial radars, Klystrons continue to find application where the highest levels of radiated power are sought. Recently Klystron systems have been used to convert hydrocarbon waste materials into natural gas and diesel fuel.
... the power in microwaves! Radar Technology Debate Modernity Modern Cavity Magnetrons serve in kitchens around the world as the highly efficient and reliable microwave sources at the heart of domestic microwave ovens. They will also still be found in those marine and airborne commercial radar equipments where size and weight (as well as efficiency) remain at a premium.
... the power in microwaves! The TWT (or MVE Traveling Wave Amplifier) has proven the most adaptable of the original concepts. Modern TWTs populate the worlds satellite communications networks, including DBS, and are at the heart of practically every state-of-the-art military Radar, EW, and Complex Weapon System in service today. The performance capability of this technology, in terms of pulse fidelity, reliability, and durability, make it a natural choice in the ATC arena. Radar Technology Debate Modernity Cutaway view of a TWT. (1) Electron gun; (2) RF input; (3) Magnets; (4) Attenuator; (5) Helix coil; (6) RF output; (7) Vacuum tube; (8) Collector
... the power in microwaves! Transistor development has carried solid state technology through large scale integration into the microprocessor age, which has transformed DSP and radar receiver designs. Modern high-performance transistors and rectifiers, are fully exploited using proprietary technology at TMD to deliver state-of-the-art power supply performance, hand in hand with high efficiency and reliability. TMDs high voltage supplies match exactly the demands of the Companys MVE Traveling Wave Amplifiers making for the perfect Hybrid transmitter. Radar Technology Debate Modernity
... the power in microwaves! Radar Technology Debate Reliability Comparison Between SS and MVE The key problem of Solid State Transistors applied to High Power Microwave Electronic centers around the control of the active Junction temperature. Typically, to keep the active region temperature of a microwave power transistor at acceptably low levels, the collector base-plate must be kept at or below 30°C, due to internal thermal resistance. At any higher temperature, the performance characteristics of the device must be severely de-rated. The power derating curve (right) is taken from a high power transistor manufacturers data sheet.
... the power in microwaves! Radar Technology Debate Reliability Illustrating Comparative Efficiencies Incandescent Electric Light Bulb - 5 % Hybrid Solid-State / MVE S-Band Radar Transmitter - >30 % Energy Saver Electric Light Bulb - 25 % Fully Solid-State S-Band Radar Transmitter - 17 % * If all the worlds S-band domestic microwave ovens had to rely on solid state delivering this level of efficiency, there would be another four power stations needed just to support them, pumping out tens of millions of tons of CO 2 annually! *
... the power in microwaves! Radar Technology Debate Conclusions TMDs Hybrid Solid-State / VME Traveling Wave Amplifier Transmitter provides a Modern, High Reliability solution to the ATC market-place, with lower Cost of Ownership than any other option available. Fully Solid State Technology used in the Power Supplies and Modulator Electronics ensure that the transmitter operates with low added noise, so that modern receiver technology can deliver major performance enhancements over earlier generation radar equipment. High efficiency is delivered not just for its own sake, but to enable high reliability, while keeping cooling arrangements simple, this itself a boon to reliability and longevity.
... the power in microwaves! The Better Solution…