Presentation on theme: "Humanism. Whats the big idea(s)? What is Humanism? What was its influence and significance? How was Humanism a reflection of the notion of Renaissance?"— Presentation transcript:
Whats the big idea(s)? What is Humanism? What was its influence and significance? How was Humanism a reflection of the notion of Renaissance?
Aspects of Renaissance Dignity of humankind Individualism Secular as valuable or of import Development of historical scholarship
Humanism as an Intellectual Pursuit Study of Latin and Greek classics for their own sake and preservation of church Liberal arts: grammar rhetoric poetry history politics & moral philosophy
Humanism as having Social Application Aim to apply liberal arts to an in-the-world purpose Civic Humanism Christian Humanism
Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) Father of Humanism Scholar Read Cicero & commentary Coined the term Dark Ages Author: Letters to the Ancient Dead Lives of Illustrious Men
Petrarch continued First modern writer used writing to consider the ebb and flow of his life and the human condition.
Giovanni Bocaccio (1313-1375) From Florence Decameron 100 tales of the human condition 10 each told by 7 women and 3 males Also assembled encyclopedia of Greek and Roman mythology
Dante Alighieri Vita Nuova Divine Comedy Inferno
Lorenzo Valla Philologist-the use of words & language Sees a God as Creator Denounced authenticity of Donation of Constantine Argued for notion of Free Will Questioned levels of obedience and asceticism in religious orders
Leonardo Bruni 1370-1444 Chancellor of Republic of Florence Wrote first modern history History of the Florentine People narrative account of Florence Use of authentic sources Discussion of other historical periods as context
Niccolo Machiavelli The Prince (1513) a Political Science work observing how governments rule without morals (dedicated to Lorenzo Medici) Italian City-States as models The end justifies the means Its better to be feared than loved
Baldassare Castiglione 1478-1529 Wrote The Book of the Courtier Gentleman raised for civil company poised and well-dressed skilled in arms and sports capable of making music, conversation reader of the classics good
The Book of the Courtier, continued Social mixer who is good-humored, light- hearted and considerate of others feelings