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An Introduction to Temple Sacrifices for Community Bible Study Longmont 1 January 21, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Temple Sacrifices for Community Bible Study Longmont 1 January 21, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction to Temple Sacrifices for Community Bible Study Longmont 1 January 21, 2014

2 Jans Challenge Good morning! Last week, Jan asked me if I would be willing to speak briefly today on the topic of Sacrifices in the Temple. After a little research, I discovered that my biggest challenge was to figure out how to condense more than six hours of material into 15 or 20 minutes. In my short time with CBS, I have learned that you are a very biblically literate group. So, I have elected to focus today on a few main points that I will tie together as I move through this presentation. 2

3 Outline Mankind has always been faced with eternal questions! 3

4 Mankinds Eternal Questions Q: How can we mere human beings become closer to our God? …that is, how can we develop a personal relationship with Him? Q: How can we become holy (perfect in His sight) worthy of being in His presence forever? 4

5 Outline Mankind has always been faced with eternal questions! Jesus Christ is referenced (directly or indirectly) on virtually every page of the Bible! 5

6 Jesus Throughout the Bible If that is true, where is the first reference to Jesus in the Bible? Genesis 1:1 – In English: In (the) beginning God created…. In Hebrew: Beresheet bara Elohim… Beresheet means in beginning bara means to create out of nothing Elohim is a plural name for God (YHWH) Hebrew uses three types of nouns: singular, dual (used for 2), and plural (used for 3 or more). The Trinity is referenced in the third word of the first sentence of the Bible! 6

7 Outline Mankind has always been faced with eternal questions! Jesus Christ of referenced on virtually every page of the Bible! Much of the Bible is prophetic. 7

8 Bible Prophesies One purpose of prophesy is to glorify God by demonstrating His omniscience! He knows all thingspast, present, and future. What is prophesy? Greek (or Western) worldview: Prophesy means Prediction Fulfillment Hebrew worldview: Prophesy is Pattern (or Type) 8

9 Bible Prophesies Of the more than 3,000 biblical prophesies, more than 300 relate (directly or indirectly) to the birth, life, death, resurrection, or second coming of Jesus Christ. 9

10 Outline Mankind has always been faced with eternal questions! Jesus Christ of referenced on virtually every page of the Bible! Much of the Bible is prophetic. All biblical sacrifices are prophetic in nature and many foreshadow the sacrificial atonement of Jesus. 10

11 What is a sacrifice? In English: 1. An act of offering something precious to a deity; specifically, the offering of an immolated animal. 2. Something offered in sacrifice. 3. Destruction or surrender of something for the sake of something else; something given up or lost 4. loss, deprivation. 11

12 What is a sacrifice? In Hebrew (korban): 1.Korban comes from the same root as to come near, to approach,.. to become closely involved with someone. 2.In the Bible, korban is used exclusively in the context of mans relationship with Godthe concept of coming close The purpose of Biblical sacrifices, then, is to strive for nearness to God. 12

13 King Davids Prayer Psalm 73:28: But it is good for me to draw near to God… For the Jew, nearness to God is the truest, the highest, the only conception of what goodness really is. 13

14 Animal Sacrifices Animal sacrifices were among the earliest and most profound expressions of the human desire to come as close as possible to God. The Torah incorporates this type of practice by prescribing such offerings. [Leviticus] 14

15 Biblical Sacrifices Survey: Where, when, how, why, and by whom was the first sacrifice offered? Where? Temple of Solomon? [1 Kings] Tabernacle? [Exodus & Leviticus] Abraham? [Gen. 22] Noah and his sons? [Gen. 8:20] Cain and Able? [Gen. 4:3-5] In the Garden of Eden? [Gen. 3:7-21] 15

16 First Recorded Biblical Sacrifice In the Garden of Eden after the Fall [Genesis 3] Adam and Eve first tried to cover their nakedness with foliage (fig leaves) because they (or their sin) had been exposed. Mankind seeking to cover their own sin First religious act in the Bible 16

17 First Recorded Biblical Sacrifice Then, God provided Adam and Eve with coverings made from an animals skin. This was the first shedding of innocent blood to cover sin. What kind of animal did God use? Although not spelled out specifically in Scripture, some scholars believe that it was probably a Lamb. A pattern, type, or foreshadowing of future sacrifices (e.g. Passover, Calvary) John the Baptist – Behold the Lamb of God! 17

18 Temple Sacrifices and Offerings The Jewish sacrificial system is prescribed in the Torah not only to atone for various types of sin, but also for other purposes. All biblical sacrifices not only fulfill Gods word, but also, they foreshadow future events! 18

19 Temple Sacrifices and Offerings Four aspects of creation are represented in Temple sacrifices. They are united together, thus, reaching their fullest potential in fulfilling Gods will while sanctifying and glorifying His name. The priest who offered each sacrifice represents humanity The animals offered represent the animal kingdom (e.g., bulls, goats, sheep, doves, pigeons) The flour, frankincense, or libations represent the world of plants Even the inanimate level is represented…for salt must be a part of every sacrifice. 19

20 Temple Sacrifices and Offerings Thus, when a physical Temple stands, Jews believe that all of creation functions in harmony. They believe that this is one aspect of how the temple brings peace to the world. …and in this place will I give peace, saith the Lord of hosts. [Haggai 2:9] 20

21 Mankinds Dilemma In all creation, mankind is unique because he is a living contradiction. He lives between the physical and spiritual worlds and, throughout his life, he is in a constant struggle between the pull of these two opposing forces. So, how does God provide us with an answer to this dilemma? 21

22 Atonement is Gods Answer What is atonement? 1. satisfaction or reparation for a wrong or injury; amends. 2. Theol. the doctrine concerning the reconciliation of God and humankind, esp. as accomplished through the life, suffering, and death of Christ. Atonement brings us to at-one-ment with God! 22

23 Jesus Solves Our Dilemma John 14:6: Jesus said, I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me. Hebrews 10:12-14 : After Jesus offered once and for all time the one true sacrifice for sins, He sat down at the right hand of God. … By the one sacrifice He made perfect forever those who are being made holy (sanctified). 23

24 Conclusion Romans 12:1,2: I appeal to you, therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect. 24


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