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A RCHETYPES Archetypes are recurring symbols, characters, patterns, and settings that give literature its unity. In other words, they are the basic patterns.

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Presentation on theme: "A RCHETYPES Archetypes are recurring symbols, characters, patterns, and settings that give literature its unity. In other words, they are the basic patterns."— Presentation transcript:

1 A RCHETYPES Archetypes are recurring symbols, characters, patterns, and settings that give literature its unity. In other words, they are the basic patterns that occur repeatedly in literature of all ages.

2 A RCHETYPAL C HARACTERS Alter-ego Helpful animal Earth Mother Wise Old Man Temptress Hero Anti-Hero Innocent Scapegoat/Sacrificial Victim Trickster Villain Transgressor Destroyer Handsome Prince Helpless Princess

3 H ERO : U SUALLY PORTRAYED AS LARGER THAN LIFE, THE HERO HAS OUTSTANDING QUALITIES AND ABILITIES AND UPHOLDS THE VALUES OF HIS CULTURE OR SOCIETY Examples: Harry Potter Santiago

4 A NTI -H ERO : T HIS CHARACTER MAY TRY TO UPHOLD HEROIC QUALITIES, BUT ACTUALLY DOES NOT. T HE ANTI - HERO USUALLY TURNS OUT TO BE A LOSER. The Englishman

5 A LTER -E GO OR D OUBLE : S PLIT PERSONALITIES OR OPPOSITE TENDENCIES WITHIN AN INDIVIDUAL Severus Snape The Crystal Merchant

6 S UPERNATURAL H ELPER OR H ELPFUL A NIMAL : A NY ANIMAL / FORCE THAT USUALLY APPEARS WHEN THE HERO CANNOT SEE A WAY OUT OF HIS DILEMMA Kreacher Dobby Hawks Scarab Beetle

7 W ISE OLD MAN : ETERNAL PROVIDER, PROTECTING, NOURISHING, SHELTERING, AND NURTURING Albus Dumbledore Melchizidek

8 T EMPTRESS : A WOMAN, WHO, THROUGH HER POWER, CAN MAKE A STRONG MAN WEAK AND A WISE MAN FOOLISH. S HE CAN BE AN IMMORAL TEMPTRESS ( DOES SO ON PURPOSE ) OR AMORAL TEMPTRESS (U NINTENTIONALLY TEMPTS THE HERO ) Ginny Weasley Fatima

9 I NNOCENT : A CHILD OR NAÏVE AND INEXPERIENCED MAN OR WOMAN WHO IS EXPOSED TO THE EVILS OF THE WORLD. T HE CHARACTER USUALLY MOVES FROM INNOCENCE TO EXPERIENCE AND KNOWLEDGE

10 S CAPEGOAT OR SACRIFICIAL VICTIM : ONE WHO SUFFERS OR IS BLAMED UNJUSTLY IN ORDER FOR OTHERS TO ESCAPE BLAME OR PUNISHMENT Harry PotterSantiago

11 T RICKSTER : THE CHARACTER WHO, THROUGH SUPERIOR WIT OR CUNNING, CAN DECEIVE AND MANIPULATE THOSE WHO SEEMINGLY HAVE GREATER STRENGTH OR AUTHORITY Fred and George Weasley Thief Fortune Teller

12 T RANSGRESSOR : P USHES THE LIMITS OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE AND OFTEN ANGERS THE G ODS Voldemort The Alchemist

13 D ESTROYER : D ESTROYS FOR DESTRUCTION S SAKE ; ENJOYS EVIL Bellatrix LeStrange

14 V ILLAIN : AN EVIL CHARACTER WHO ATTEMPTS TO DESTROY THE HERO Voldemort Thieves at the Pyramids

15 H ELPLESS PRINCESS : WOMAN ( USUALLY BEAUTIFUL ) IN NEED OF A HERO TO SAVE HER FROM DEATH, EVIL ADVERSARIES, OR OTHER DANGER

16 H ANDSOME PRINCE : S ERVES AS A HERO TO A PRINCESS OR KINGDOM

17 A RCHETYPAL S ETTINGS

18 C AVES, T UNNELS, P OOLS OF WATER : SYMBOLS OF DESCENT INTO THE UNCONSCIOUS OR THE INNER SELF The Pensieve Where Godric Gryffindors Sword Is hidden Voldemorts Cave

19 C OUNTRYSIDE : A SSOCIATED WITH HEALING AND GOODNESS The Burrow Santiagos Pastureland

20 G ARDEN : ORDERED AND CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT THAT IS USUALLY SAFE, HAPPY, AND NURTURING The Oasis

21 M OUNTAINS AND P EAKS : SYMBOLS OF THE QUEST FOR SPIRITUAL SELF AND PERSONAL ACHIEVEMENT The Pyramids

22 R IVER : ON - FLOWING TIME OR LIFE, ETERNAL CHANGE, DESTINY

23 I SLANDS AND SHIPS AT SEA : S YMBOLIZE SPIRITUAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ISOLATION OR EXILE The Island in Voldemorts Cave The Desert

24 A RCHETYPAL THEMES AND PATTERNS OF EXISTENCE o Initiation Santiago must sell his sheep Harry Potter must leave Hogwarts to search for Horcruxes o Journey, Search, or Quest Santiago looks for treasure Harry looks for Horcruxes o Transformation Santiago discovers the meaning of (and location of) true treasure Harry Potter accepts his fate for the good of the wizarding world


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