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Slide 1 www.festa-europa.eu FP7-SCIENCE-IN-SOCIETY-2011-1, Project No. 287526. Challenging the Leaky Pipeline in Science, Engineering and Technology Dr.

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Presentation on theme: "Slide 1 www.festa-europa.eu FP7-SCIENCE-IN-SOCIETY-2011-1, Project No. 287526. Challenging the Leaky Pipeline in Science, Engineering and Technology Dr."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide 1 www.festa-europa.eu FP7-SCIENCE-IN-SOCIETY-2011-1, Project No. 287526. Challenging the Leaky Pipeline in Science, Engineering and Technology Dr. Ita Richardson

2 Slide 2 Importance of having Women in SET European and National Agenda We need to address these issues, not only for the sake of fairness and equality, but for the sake of science and research itself – we need to build our research capacity in Europe. Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science. 2

3 Slide 3 Diversity Economic Growth Social Justice Provision of Role Models Provision of Choice Importance of having Women in SET Photographs: Eoin Stephenson, UL 3

4 Slide 4 Diversity Diversity promotes creativity and innovation Do we want to continue living in a world built by men for men? 4

5 Slide 5 Economic Growth Dependent on having an educated workforce Can we afford to eliminate 50% of the population from SET? 5

6 Slide 6 Importance of having Women in SET The Grand Challenges facing Europe (including climate change and demography) require the full participation of women in its science and technology system… European Commission, 2012 6

7 Slide 7 Challenges for Women in SET Lise Meitner, Nuclear Physicist, Germany, c. 1900: Professor Emil Fischer did not allow women in his building. Meitner worked there,Provided she stay in a converted carpenters shop in the basement and never enter any part of the building used by men Sharon Bertsch McGrayne, 1998 7

8 Slide 8 Challenges for Women in SET I very much wish to be considered together with Madame Curie with respect to our research on radioactive bodies. Pierre Curie, 1903, when he heard of his Nobel Prize for Physics nomination with Henri Becquerel, but without his wife, Marie Curie, Physicist and Chemist, Poland and France 8

9 Slide 9 Barbara McClintoch, Geneticist, USA, 1936: Mistaking Barbara for someone who had recently announced her engagement, her Dean threatened her,If you get married, youll be fired Sharon Bertsch McGrayne, 1998 Challenges for Women in SET 9

10 Slide 10 Someone else was made first author on a paper because he was a young man and had a family to support. Christiane Nusslein-Volhard, early 1970s, Germany. Challenges for Women in SET 10

11 Slide 11 Astronomy classes in the Royal Observatory in Edinburgh, same percentage of women in 1982 and 892. Womenfolk play the larger part in the decision. It has been my experience that it is other women who ask (too frequently) whether one really enjoys doing physics. Jocelyn Bell Burnell, 1982, Belfast. Challenges for Women in SET 11

12 Slide 12 No institutional barriers to ones career development at university level. Women spent more time generally during the week and weekends on domestic chores than male counterparts. Women in the University appeared to take on more work than their male colleagues. Examples given included the development of new courses and student support. Wilson & Richardson, 2008 Challenges continue: Gender Audit @ UL 12

13 Slide 13 Research Gender Audit Results% Female% Male Keynote /plenary/invited speaker external conference/workshop 3663 Editor of scientific/technical journal or book 1728 Member of the Editorial Board of an Academic Journal 1532 Reviewer for International Journal 4478 Assessor for grant giving bodies 2255 Appointment to National/international bodies 2442

14 Slide 14 14

15 Slide 15 15 Current Situation

16 Slide 16 Women more negatively affected by men regarding string of post-doc positions Concerns about competitiveness are fuelled by a relative lack of self-confidence Nature of available role models Perceived by female PhD candidates as aggressive and competitive (male characteristics) Often childless Women are told that their gender will work against them UK Resource Centre for Women / Royal Society of Chemistry, 2012 Why women leave academia 16

17 Slide 17 Retain and fully employ the competencies and capacities of the whole research force, regardless of gender Women do not lack researchers essential characteristics Academic environment is lacking essential characteristics to foster womens research potential UL Principal Investigator – Prof. Pat OConnor 17

18 Slide 18 FESTA: Building on Previous Initiatives Role Models for School Girls Research in Gender Studies and Sociology External and Internal Funding: Atlantic Philanthropies, Science Foundation Ireland, UL Human Resources Introductory Courses for Women in SET Equality Opportunities Manager Gender Audit @UL (Science Foundation Ireland) 18

19 Slide 19 Led by University of Uppsala, Sweden University of Limerick - Faculty of Science & Engineering Universities in Denmark, Turkey, Germany, Italy, Bulgaria March 1 st 2012 to 28 th February 2017 19

20 Slide 20 Implement and Measure Recommendations Analyse Published Research Analyse UL and other Universities 20 Develop Recommendations from outcomes Qualitative Research Methods: Interviews and Focus Groups Research Questions: Can we raise awareness regarding career paths? How are formal and informal decisions made? How is excellence defined? What power-plays exist in PhD supervision? (UL not researching) Can we understand resistance? (UL not researching) Qualitative Research Methods: Interviews and Focus Groups Research Questions: Can we raise awareness regarding career paths? How are formal and informal decisions made? How is excellence defined? What power-plays exist in PhD supervision? (UL not researching) Can we understand resistance? (UL not researching)

21 Slide 21 Implement and Measure Recommendations Analyse Published Research Analyse UL and other Universities 21 Develop Recommendations from outcomes Implementing changes in the working environment of academic researchers Encouraging SET female researchers to make a career in academia Remove some of the hurdles which makes this difficult for them Implementing changes in the working environment of academic researchers Encouraging SET female researchers to make a career in academia Remove some of the hurdles which makes this difficult for them

22 Slide 22 Implement and Measure Recommendations Analyse Published Research Analyse UL and other Universities 22 Develop Recommendations from outcomes Human Resource involvement Implementation in Faculty of Science and Engineering Results from other Universities implemented in UL Results from UL implemented in other Universities Human Resource involvement Implementation in Faculty of Science and Engineering Results from other Universities implemented in UL Results from UL implemented in other Universities

23 Slide 23 We as a University have to change! It is not women who are lacking essential characteristics for being good researchers, but it is the academic environment that is lacking essential characteristics for fostering the research potential of women Management Faculty and Women themselves 23

24 Slide 24 24 Current Situation Future 50/50 Thank you!

25 Slide 25 Acknowledgements University of Limerick team members: Prof. Pat OConnor, Principal Investigator, FESTA, Dr. Ita Richardson, Principal Investigator, Lero, Tommy Foy, Director of Human Resources, Marie Connolly, HR Shared Transition Services Manager, Alison ORegan, Learning, Development and Equal Opportunities Officer, Caroline Neylon, HR Officer, Research, Clare OHagan, Research Fellow, FESTA FESTA has received funding from the European Union, Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007- 2013, under grant agreement No. 287526 Colleagues in Lero – the Irish Software Engineering Research Centre and the second year B.Sc. In Digital Media and Design students 25

26 Slide 26 European Commission, Structural change in research institutions, Enhancing excellence, gender equality and efficiency in research and innovation, 2012. Wilson, D., and I. Richardson, SFI Development Grant Report, 2008. UK Resource Centre for Women / Royal Society of Chemistry, The Chemistry PhD: the impact on womens retention, 2012. Bertsch McGrayne, S., Nobel Prize Women in Science, 1998. References 26


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