Presentation on theme: "The Dropping of the Atomic Bomb. Truman becomes President in April of 1945 after Roosevelts death He learns of the atomic bomb after be becomes President."— Presentation transcript:
The Dropping of the Atomic Bomb
Truman becomes President in April of 1945 after Roosevelts death He learns of the atomic bomb after be becomes President.
Trumans choice – Invade Japan or drop the bomb?
Arguments for dropping the bomb How many Americans soldiers would die in an invasion? A million? (this number was put forward after the bomb was dropped) What number is the threshold? How does an American president make this choice?
Arguments for dropping the bomb Justified because of Japanese war tactics American racism against the Japanese Would we ever have dropped the bomb on Germany, which was civilized?
Arguments for dropping the bomb Military Pressures More deaths with an invasion Cost of the invasion Cost of the already- built bomb Use the bomb on military targets All is fair in war Secretary of War Henry Stimson
Arguments for dropping the bomb Send a message to the Soviets Tensions with the Soviet Union are growing as World War II is ending Dropping the bomb be a powerful statement of American strength and military dominance
Alternative demonstration of the bomb? Drop the bomb in a neutral location with international onlookers Good idea? Problems! Would the information be accurately reported to the empire? What if the bomb was a dud? No bombs to spare!
Unconditional surrender? Would the Japanese have surrender without us having to drop the bomb if we had eliminated the requirement of an unconditional surrender? Guarantee to allow the emperor to remain as emperor? Would this embolden the Japanese to fight for better terms? Concern over public opinion. Is this a sign of weakness?
The decision is made
Hiroshima Little Boy was dropped from the Enola Gay on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945
Hiroshima The wind generated by the bomb was felt up to 1.5 miles away
Hiroshima The wind hit the mountains, bounced off, and hit the city center a second time
Hiroshima Melted sake bottles The shadow of the leaves melted onto an electrical pole The shadows of the parapets imprinted on the road surface
Hiroshima Approximately 140,000 died from the effects of the bomb by the end of the year (from a total population of about 350,000) Soldiers, citizens of all ages, and Korean factory workers were among the dead
Nagasaki Fat Man was dropped from Bockscar on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945
Nagasaki Nagasaki was a larger city and Fat Man was a more powerful bomb. Damage was not as extensive as the damage at Hiroshima because of the geography.
World War II is over The Empire of Japan surrenders on August 14, 1945