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Lesson Two – What is Art? FYS 100 Creative Discovery in Digital Art Forms.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson Two – What is Art? FYS 100 Creative Discovery in Digital Art Forms."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson Two – What is Art? FYS 100 Creative Discovery in Digital Art Forms

2 FORM AND BEAUTY One must not always think that feeling is everything. Art is nothing without form. Letter to Madame Louise Colet [August 12, 1846], Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880)

3 FORM AND BEAUTY Art should be independent of all claptrapshould stand alone, and appeal to the artistic sense of eye and ear, without confounding this with emotions entirely foreign to it, as devotion, pity, love, patriotism, and the like. All these have no kind of concern with it. The Gentle Art of Making Enemies [1890], Propositions, 2, James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903)

4 FORM AND BEAUTY True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, As those move easiest who have learned to dance. Tis not enough no harshness gives offense; The sound must seem an echo to the sense. An Essay on Criticism [1711], pt. I, l. 162, Alexander Pope (1688-1744)

5 FORM AND BEAUTY a momentary stay against confusion The Figure A Poem Makes [1939], Robert Frost (1874-1963)

6 UNIQUE, INDIVIDUAL, AND CREATIVE There is no science of the beautiful, only a critique of it. Critique of Judgement [1790], Immanual Kant (1724-1804)

7 UNIQUE, INDIVIDUAL, AND CREATIVE Art is a uniquely human activity that grows out of our inborn impulse to create. We create things that have no utilitarian purpose. All art is quite useless. The Critic as Artist [1891], Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)

8 UNIQUE, INDIVIDUAL, AND CREATIVE Individuality of expression is the beginning and end of all art. Sprüche in Prosa (Proverbs in Prose), Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)

9 MORE TRUE THAN NATURE Aristotle believed that art is more true than nature in that it can express the essence of things.

10 A MEDIATOR BETWEEN MAN AND NATURE Now Art, used collectively for painting, sculpture, architecture and music, is the mediatress between, and reconciler of, nature and man. It is, therefore, the power of humanizing nature, of infusing the thoughts and passions of man into everything which is the object of his contemplation. On Poesy or Art [1818], Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

11 ALIGNED WITH TRUTH Art for arts sake is an empty phrase. Art for the sake of the true, art for the sake of the good and the beautiful, that is the faith I am searching for. Letter to Alexandre Saint-Jean [1872], George Sand [Amandine Aurore Lucie Dupin, Baronne Dudevant] (1804-1876)

12 ALIGNED WITH TRUTH Beauty is truth, truth beauty, -- that is all Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know! Ode on a Grecian Urn [1819], John Keats

13 Beauty is truth, truth beauty, -- that is all Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know! Ode on a Grecian Urn [1819], John Keats

14 REVEALING, COMMUNICATING, AND HEIGHTENING EXPERIENCE Art is a human activity consisting in this, that one man consciously, by means of certain external signs, hands on to others feelings he has lived through, and that other people are infected by these feelings and also experience them. What is ArtWhat is Art? [1896], Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)

15 REVEALING, COMMUNICATING, AND HEIGHTENING EXPERIENCE Were made so that we love First when we see them painted, things we have passed Perhaps a hundred times nor cared to see; And so they are better, paintedbetter to us, Which is the same thing. Art was given for that. Fra Lippo Lippi [1855], l. 300, Robert Browning (1812-1889)

16 REVEALING, COMMUNICATING, AND HEIGHTENING EXPERIENCE Only through art can we get outside of ourselves and know anothers view of the universe which is not the same as ours and see landscapes which would otherwise have remained unknown to us like the landscapes of the moon. Thanks to art, instead of seeing a single world, our own, we see it multiply until we have before us as many worlds as there are original artists.... And many centuries after their core, whether we call it Rembrandt or Vermeer, is extinguished, they continue to send us their special rays. The Maxims of Marcel Proust [1948], Marcel Proust (1871-1922)

17 REVEALING, COMMUNICATING, AND HEIGHTENING EXPERIENCE A novel is balanced between a few true impressions and the multitude of false ones that make up most of what we call life. It tells us that for every human being there is a diversity of existences, that the single existence is itself an illusion in part, that these many existences signify something, tend to something, fulfill something; it promises us meaning, harmony, and even justice.... Art attempts to find in the universe, in matter as well as in the facts of life, what is fundamental, enduring, essential. Speech upon receiving the Nobel Prize [1976], Saul Bellow (1915- )

18 TIMELESS, ETERNAL Tout passe – Lart robuste Seul a léternité; Le buste Survit à la cité. LArt [1832], Théophile Gautier (1811-1872)

19 TIMELESS, ETERNAL Everything passesRobust art Alone is eternal. The bust Survives the city. LArt [1832], Théophile Gautier (1811-1872)

20 TIMELESS, ETERNAL All passes. Art alone Enduring stays to us; The bust outlasts the throne The coin, Tiberius. Ars Victrix [1876], st. 8, Henry Austin Dobson (1840-1921)


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