Presentation on theme: "1 Unit 8 Protecting our Environment Text A Saving Nature, but Only for Man."— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 8 Protecting our Environment Text A Saving Nature, but Only for Man
2 Vocabulary 1. (L 3) everyone has claims to … claim: a statement that sth. is true * make/ have/ deny/ reject/ support a claim --- They made claims that they couldnt live up to.
3 * a claim to do/ be sth. --- I make no claim to understand the complexity of the situation. * false/ extravagant/ dubious claims --- This firm makes false claims about their products.
4 2. (L.7)distinguish between environmental luxuries and environmental necessities. distinguish: to recognize and understand the difference between two or more things or people distinguish sth. from … distinguish between right and wrong
5 3.(L.9) things we must have regardless. regardless: in spite of everything, anyway carry on/ go on regardless ---- His parents objected to his marriage, but he carried on regardless. --- He got a lot of criticism, but he just went on ~. regardless of:
6 5.(L13) preserving the atmosphere preserve: to save sth. from being harmed or destroyed ---to plant trees and preserve the existing woodlands
7 6. (L.14)halting the greenhouse effect halt: to prevent sth. from continuing (=stop) --- to halt economic decline n. bring traffic to a halt/ come to a halt
8 7. (L20) its possible consequences are far deadlier consequence: sth. that happens as a result of an action or set of conditions --- Do you believe poverty is a direct consequence of over population? as a consequence of sth. of little consequence (not very important) consequent (adj.) consequently (adv.)
9 8. (L 29) on the grounds of self-preservation on the grounds of/ on.. grounds: for reasons of --- He was not employed on the grounds of his age. --- The proposal was rejected on environmental grounds. (on moral/ medical/ legal grounds) have grounds to do sth. (have reason to do)
10 9. (L 32) to sacrifice in the name of other creatures. in ones name/ in the name of sb. *officially belonging to one or is for one to use. ---The house is in my fathers name. *as someone elses official representative --- I claim this land in the name of the king.
(L.34) the public resistance to foreign aid and welfare resistance: opposition (followed by to) ---There is strong ~ to the plan for a new chemical plant in this area. welfare: help that is provided for people who have personal or social problems --- welfare benefit/ services/ programs
(L47) the current debate raging over oil drilling current: occurring in or existing at the present time ( ~ affairs/ economic situation/ advertising campaign) debate on / about sth. rage: continue with great force, be intense --- Price inflation still rages although the government has taken some measures. --- Street fighting raged all over the city.
(L 48) a bill working its way through Congress work ones way to/ through sth.: to achieve sth. gradually by working
14 work ones way through school/ college/ university: do a job while you are a student because you need money --- He had worked his way up to head of department. --- As my family couldnt afford my tuition fee, I had to work my way through college. Others: fight/ shoulder/ elbow/ force… ones way
(L 51) a substantial energy tax substantial: large in amount, considerable --- a ~ salary/ breakfast/ --- We have got support from a ~ number of students.
a high aesthetic good aesthetic: connected with beauty and the study of beauty --- a work of great ~ appeal, from an ~ point of view aesthetically appealing aesthete: a person who loves and understand beautiful things aesthetics: the study of beauty
(L 70) The important distinction … distinction: difference clear/ sharp ~ make/ draw a ~ between … and … --- Is it easy to draw a ~ between popular and serious literature? --- There is no ~ between courage and bravery.
(L73) … choose between his well-being and … nature will have to accommodate. well-being: a feeling of being comfortable, healthy and happy (e.g.a feeling of ~, the physical/ emotional/ material/ psychological ~ ) accommodate: to get used to a new situation Her eyes took a while to ~ to the darkness
(L76) bound up together bind/ bind up: tie things firmly together with cloth or string If two people or groups are bound (up) together, they share a particular experience or situation which causes them to have a relationship. --- These two countries are bound together by a common history.
(L77) the very integrity of man's environment integrity: the state of being united as one complete thing (the territory ~ of the country) the quality of being honest and strong about what you believe to be right (personal/ profession/ moral ~)
21 19.(L.84) humanistic environmentalism humanistic humanism: the belief that human problems can be solved through science rather than religion Humanism: the study during the Renaissance of the ideas of the ancient Greeks and Romans
22 20.(L.85) for nature's sake but for our own. sake: purpose, benefit or well-being for ones sake/ for the sake of sth. --- For Gods sake. --- Im studying history in its own sake, not because it will help me get a job. --- She argues for the sake of arguing. --- art for arts sake
23 Useful Expressions
24 After-class assignment Go over unit 8 of Intergrated Reading; Finish the the listening of Listening and Speaking, and the reading of Reading Course and Fast Reading according to the teaching plan.