Presentation on theme: "Steps to US Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Steps to US Constitution 1781: Articles of Confederation take effect1787: Constitutional Convention to “fix” weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation1789: New Congress Convenes under the current Constitution1791: Bill of Rights added to Constitution
2 Important Terms Ratify—to approve Framers—delegates present at the writing of the ConstitutionBill of Rights—list of basic rights of the peopleFederalists—approved the ratification of the ConstitutionAnti-federalists—did not approve of the ratification of the Constitution.
3 Compromises at the Convention Compromises allow for the varied needs of States
5 Side: Virginia Plan (Large States) Goals:3 branches (leg, exec, judicial)Congress-bicameralRepresentation based on population
6 Side: Virginia Plan (Large States) Reasons:Wanted a truly NATIONAL government w/ greatly expanded powers and the power to enforce its decisionsGave more power to the large states that were expected to dominate the new government
7 Side: New Jersey Plan (Small States) Goals:Unicameral CongressEqual representation of statesCongress given limited powers to tax and regulate trade between states
8 Side: New Jersey Plan (Small States) Reasons:Make small states equally important as large statesFeared protecting their interests
9 Results of the Great Compromise Also called Connecticut Compromise3 branches of government (legislative, executive, judicial)Bicameral legislature (Congress)House of Representatives—representation based on population—benefited large statesSenate—Equal representation (two per state) -benefited small states
10 Three-Fifths Compromise Representation and TaxesShould slaves be counted when determining the population of a state?
11 Side: Southern States Goals: Count slaves in the population in order to boost their numbers(reminder: slaves had no rights at this time!)Reasons:Increase their population for the sake of the House of Representatives (more people meant more votes)
12 Side: Northern States Goals: Do not count slaves in population Reasons:Did not want South to have more representation in Congress
13 Results3/5 Compromise said that all free people counted in the populationSlaves counted as 3/5 of a person (every 3 out of 5 slaves were counted)
14 Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise Tariffsand Servitude
15 Side: Southern States Goals: Protect the agricultural South Protect Slave TradeReasons:Afraid Congress would try to regulate the slave trade and pay for the new government with export duties (from Southern tobacco)
16 Side: Northerners Goals: Protect Northern Commercial Interests Reasons:Afraid new taxes would burden businesses
17 Results of the Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise Congress was forbidden the power to tax the export of goods from any stateCongress also forbidden the power to act on the slave trade for at least 20 years
18 Bundle of CompromisesConstitution was drafted at Philadelphia and is called the bundle of compromises because they settle the differences of opinions of delegates from 12 different states
20 FederalistsFederalists supported the ratification of the Constitution.They wanted a strong national government
21 Anti-federalists Opposed the ratification of the Constitution They disliked the increased power given to the national government.They also disliked the lack of a bill of rights.
22 Ratification processThe constitution called for 9 of the 13 states to ratify.While 9 of 13 did originally ratify, New York and Virginia did not—states with the largest populations.Because of the this the Constitution did not actually go into effect until NY and VA ratified.