2 The decade of the 1920s is often characterized as a period of American prosperity and optimism. It was the "Roaring Twenties," the decade of bath tub gin, the model T, the $5 work day, the first transatlantic flight, and the movie. It is often seen as a period of great advance as the nation became urban and commercial.
3Harlem RenaissanceCelebration of African-American culture in literature and art
5Music Louis Armstrong http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E2VCwBzGdPM # 1 song of the twenties“Swanee” Al JolsonOld Man RiverAll of the sudden whites and blacks alike are sharing common interests in the arts
7Langston HughesDream Deferred What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up Like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?
9MoviesThe film industry really bloomed in the 1920’s. The first movies were filmed in New Jersey. Films of the 1920's were in major demand. Most of the productions were silent and theaters were packed every night. The Big 5 included MGM, Fox, and Warner Brothers. Minor studios at the time were Universal Studios, United Artists, and Columbia Pictures.
10http://www. youtube. com/watch. v=Dxo_99eaEEA http://www. youtube Clara Bow stared in “It”and “Wings”. After starringin the movie “It” she wascalled the “It” Girl. MaryPickford and GloriaSwanson werealso popular. When talkiemovies became popularClara lost her job.
11Women in the 1920's The Flapper Lifestyle ‘In the 1920’s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper’
12The Rise of the FlapperIn 1920, just 6 months after Prohibition became law, women in America were given the right to vote.During WW1, millions of women had taken over jobs previously held by men, and this gave them a sense of independence.Though it was suffragettes who were on the front line of the fight for the vote, most historians agree it was this freedom that sparked the ‘flapper phenomenon’.For many people, these women became the real heroines of the Jazz-Age.
13Flapper FashionThe new energetic dances of the Jazz-Age also required women to be able to move freely, which corsets did not allow – and so many flappers stopped wearing them altogether.Some went to nightclubs without chaperones, and even had sex before marriage.A survey in 1900 showed nearly 80% of college students had not had sex before marriage, in 1920 another found only 31% had not.These liberated women wore short skirts, revealing tops, had short, bobbed hairstyles and wore lots of make-up.They smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol in public.
14Charlie Chaplin One of the greatest comedians of all time. Rudolph ValentinoDouglas Fairbanks-ZorroRobin Hood
15Radio http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sShMA85pv8M An invention, which soon after became a popular fad, was the radio. The radio was immensely popular. (Remember: there is no TV at this time) Radio did everything the TV does for us. If you tuned in at the right time, you could catch comedy shows, news, live events, jazz, variety shows, drama, opera, you name it, the radio had it!
16Fads Smoking in public Extreme dieting Bobbed hair Showing your knees MarathonsFeats of Endurance-Charles LindberghAmelia Earhart flew solo across the AtlanticFlagpole Sitters
171920’s rise of the Ku Klux Klan in politics Why did they gain political power?Threatened by Red Scare and immigrationPledged %100 AmericanismResented cultural developments coming from the cities
1820’s EntertainmentRise of spectator events like movies, circuses
21DadaismDadaism was an art movement. The Dadaists were mainly a group of ill-organized artists experimenting with bizarre art and literature. The artists wanted to take modern art into a direction that would broaden the meaning of "what art was and could be".
23Cars Possibly the most significant change during the 20's was the mass production of the Car started by HenryFord, he had manufactured andsold 15 millionModel-Ts by 1927Nicknamed Tin LizzieOnly available in black
24The Bad Gangsters, Crime and Prohibition WCTU against drinking Prohibition-18th amendment-Volstead ActIllegal drinking establishments-speakeasiesRise of bootleggingAl Capone
25Alphonsus Capone http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHH9EYZHoVU ScarfaceCapone had a leading role in the illegal activities that lent Chicago its reputation as a lawless city.100,000,000 a year income80-90% of cops on payroll in ChicagoEnemy Bugs Moran “St Valentines Day massacreFinal arrestDies
26RacismRise of KKKMore than 10,000 marchers on Pennsylvania Ave.
27Red ScareThe 'First Red Scare' began during World War I in which the United States fought from The First Red Scare was "a nation-wide anti-radical hysteria provoked by a mounting fear and anxiety (of Communism) that a Bolshevik revolution in America was imminent--a revolution that would destroy property, church, home, marriage, civility, and the American way of life."
28The Ugly Sacco and Vanzetti anarchists U.S. Anti-immigrant (xenophobic)Found guilty and executed
29Scopes Monkey Trial Evolution vs. Creationism William Jennings Bryant/Clarence Darrow
30Great Depression-Causes Installment plan purchasing (overextending credit)
41Criticisms of the New Deal President Roosevelt took on too much powerCreated a large federal governmentRaised taxes among the rich
42New Deal Programs still in use today Social SecurityFDICUnemploymentWelfareSEC-Securities and Exchange commission
43The New Deal’s goals:Relief - to the unemployed, Reform of business and financial practices Recovery of the economy
44Relief (Short Term)Some New Deal programs were designed mainly to provide relief to needy families, most commonly by creating jobs for the unemployed. An example would be the CCC which immediately put men back to work
45Recovery-Intermediate Relief Other New Deal efforts were aimed mainly at recovery from the economic slump.Tennessee Valley Authority, had a double purpose. It did create thousands of jobs, but also was aimed at helping the Southeastern states recover from the depression by providing cheap electricity and reducing flooding.
46Reform-Long Term Relief reform improved the stability and honesty in business practicesSEC-Watchdog group to make sure businesses do not commit fraud and keep stock market honest.Martha Stewart