Presentation on theme: "1920s The Good, The Bad, And the Ugly. The decade of the 1920s is often characterized as a period of American prosperity and optimism. It was the "Roaring."— Presentation transcript:
1920s The Good, The Bad, And the Ugly
The decade of the 1920s is often characterized as a period of American prosperity and optimism. It was the "Roaring Twenties," the decade of bath tub gin, the model T, the $5 work day, the first transatlantic flight, and the movie. It is often seen as a period of great advance as the nation became urban and commercial.
Harlem Renaissance Celebration of African-American culture in literature and art
Music Louis Armstrong 2VCwBzGdPM 2VCwBzGdPM # 1 song of the twenties Swanee Al Jolson Old Man River All of the sudden whites and blacks alike are sharing common interests in the arts
Harlem Renaissance Art
Langston Hughes Dream Deferred What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up Like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?
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Movies The film industry really bloomed in the 1920s. The first movies were filmed in New Jersey. Films of the 1920's were in major demand. Most of the productions were silent and theaters were packed every night. The Big 5 included MGM, Fox, and Warner Brothers. Minor studios at the time were Universal Studios, United Artists, and Columbia Pictures.
Clara Bow stared in It and Wings. After starring in the movie It she was called the It Girl. Mary Pickford and Gloria Swanson were also popular. When talkie movies became popular Clara lost her job.
In the 1920s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper
The Rise of the Flapper In 1920, just 6 months after Prohibition became law, women in America were given the right to vote. During WW1, millions of women had taken over jobs previously held by men, and this gave them a sense of independence. Though it was suffragettes who were on the front line of the fight for the vote, most historians agree it was this freedom that sparked the flapper phenomenon. For many people, these women became the real heroines of the Jazz-Age.
Flapper Fashion These liberated women wore short skirts, revealing tops, had short, bobbed hairstyles and wore lots of make-up. They smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol in public. The new energetic dances of the Jazz-Age also required women to be able to move freely, which corsets did not allow – and so many flappers stopped wearing them altogether. Some went to nightclubs without chaperones, and even had sex before marriage. A survey in 1900 showed nearly 80% of college students had not had sex before marriage, in 1920 another found only 31% had not.
Charlie Chaplin One of the greatest comedians of all time. O3hF78&mode=related&search Rudolph Valentino Douglas Fairbanks-Zorro Robin Hood
Radio An invention, which soon after became a popular fad, was the radio. The radio was immensely popular. (Remember: there is no TV at this time) Radio did everything the TV does for us. If you tuned in at the right time, you could catch comedy shows, news, live events, jazz, variety shows, drama, opera, you name it, the radio had it!
Fads Smoking in public Extreme dieting Bobbed hair Showing your knees Marathons Feats of Endurance-Charles Lindbergh Amelia Earhart flew solo across the Atlantic Flagpole Sitters
1920s rise of the Ku Klux Klan in politics Why did they gain political power? Threatened by Red Scare and immigration Pledged %100 Americanism Resented cultural developments coming from the cities
20s Entertainment Rise of spectator events like movies, circuses
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Art-Surrealism Salvador Dali
Dadaism Dadaism was an art movement. The Dadaists were mainly a group of ill- organized artists experimenting with bizarre art and literature. The artists wanted to take modern art into a direction that would broaden the meaning of "what art was and could be".
Cars Possibly the most significant change during the 20's was the mass production of the Car started by Henry Ford, he had manufactured and sold 15 million Model-Ts by 1927 Nicknamed Tin Lizzie Only available in black
The Bad Gangsters, Crime and Prohibition WCTU against drinking Prohibition-18 th amendment-Volstead Act Illegal drinking establishments- speakeasies Rise of bootlegging Al Capone
Alphonsus Capone Scarface Capone had a leading role in the illegal activities that lent Chicago its reputation as a lawless city. 100,000,000 a year income 80-90% of cops on payroll in Chicago Enemy Bugs Moran St Valentines Day massacre Final arrest Dies
Racism Rise of KKK More than 10,000 marchers on Pennsylvania Ave.
Red Scare The 'First Red Scare' began during World War I in which the United States fought from The First Red Scare was "a nation-wide anti-radical hysteria provoked by a mounting fear and anxiety (of Communism) that a Bolshevik revolution in America was imminent--a revolution that would destroy property, church, home, marriage, civility, and the American way of life."First Red ScareWorld War IUnited States
The Ugly Sacco and Vanzetti anarchists U.S. Anti-immigrant (xenophobic) Found guilty and executed
Scopes Monkey Trial Evolution vs. Creationism William Jennings Bryant/Clarence Darrow
Great Depression-Causes Installment plan purchasing (overextending credit)
Buying stocks on margin
Overproduction of crops
Uneven distribution of wealth
Problems of Farmers Crop Surpluses
Major Problem of 1930s Economic collapse
Stock Market Crash Record number of people selling stocks
Effects of the Great Depression Millions unemployed Malnutrition in children Fewer marriages
Hoovers Reaction People should be self reliant Charitable contributions Government should not intervene
Dust Bowl Overfarming, drought, and high winds on the Great Plains 2CiDaUYr90 2CiDaUYr90
Criticisms of the New Deal President Roosevelt took on too much power Created a large federal government Raised taxes among the rich
New Deal Programs still in use today Social Security FDIC Unemployment Welfare SEC-Securities and Exchange commission
The New Deals goals: Relief - to the unemployed, Reform of business and financial practices Recovery of the economy
Relief (Short Term) Some New Deal programs were designed mainly to provide relief to needy families, most commonly by creating jobs for the unemployed. An example would be the CCC which immediately put men back to work
Recovery-Intermediate Relief Other New Deal efforts were aimed mainly at recovery from the economic slump. Tennessee Valley Authority, had a double purpose. It did create thousands of jobs, but also was aimed at helping the Southeastern states recover from the depression by providing cheap electricity and reducing flooding.
Reform-Long Term Relief reform improved the stability and honesty in business practices SEC-Watchdog group to make sure businesses do not commit fraud and keep stock market honest. Martha Stewart