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1920’s The Good, The Bad, And the Ugly.

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1 1920’s The Good, The Bad, And the Ugly

2   The decade of the 1920s is often characterized as a period of American prosperity and optimism. It was the "Roaring Twenties," the decade of bath tub gin, the model T, the $5 work day, the first transatlantic flight, and the movie. It is often seen as a period of great advance as the nation became urban and commercial.

3 Harlem Renaissance Celebration of African-American culture in literature and art

4 The Good

5 Music Louis Armstrong
# 1 song of the twenties “Swanee” Al Jolson Old Man River All of the sudden whites and blacks alike are sharing common interests in the arts

6 Harlem Renaissance Art

7 Langston Hughes Dream Deferred What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up Like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?

8 Dance Crazes Charleston Black Bottom Shimmy

9 Movies The film industry really bloomed in the 1920’s. The first movies were filmed in New Jersey. Films of the 1920's were in major demand. Most of the productions were silent and theaters were packed every night. The Big 5 included MGM, Fox, and Warner Brothers. Minor studios at the time were Universal Studios, United Artists, and Columbia Pictures.

10 http://www. youtube. com/watch. v=Dxo_99eaEEA http://www. youtube
Clara Bow stared in “It” and “Wings”. After starring in the movie “It” she was called the “It” Girl. Mary Pickford and Gloria Swanson were also popular. When talkie movies became popular Clara lost her job.

11 Women in the 1920's The Flapper Lifestyle
‘In the 1920’s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper’

12 The Rise of the Flapper In 1920, just 6 months after Prohibition became law, women in America were given the right to vote. During WW1, millions of women had taken over jobs previously held by men, and this gave them a sense of independence. Though it was suffragettes who were on the front line of the fight for the vote, most historians agree it was this freedom that sparked the ‘flapper phenomenon’. For many people, these women became the real heroines of the Jazz-Age.

13 Flapper Fashion The new energetic dances of the Jazz-Age also required women to be able to move freely, which corsets did not allow – and so many flappers stopped wearing them altogether. Some went to nightclubs without chaperones, and even had sex before marriage. A survey in 1900 showed nearly 80% of college students had not had sex before marriage, in 1920 another found only 31% had not. These liberated women wore short skirts, revealing tops, had short, bobbed hairstyles and wore lots of make-up. They smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol in public.

14 Charlie Chaplin One of the greatest comedians of all time.
Rudolph Valentino Douglas Fairbanks-Zorro Robin Hood

15 Radio
An invention, which soon after became a popular fad, was the radio. The radio was immensely popular. (Remember: there is no TV at this time) Radio did everything the TV does for us. If you tuned in at the right time, you could catch comedy shows, news, live events, jazz, variety shows, drama, opera, you name it, the radio had it!

16 Fads Smoking in public Extreme dieting Bobbed hair Showing your knees
Marathons Feats of Endurance-Charles Lindbergh Amelia Earhart flew solo across the Atlantic Flagpole Sitters

17 1920’s rise of the Ku Klux Klan in politics
Why did they gain political power? Threatened by Red Scare and immigration Pledged %100 Americanism Resented cultural developments coming from the cities

18 20’s Entertainment Rise of spectator events like movies, circuses

19 Sports

20 Art-Surrealism Salvador Dali

21 Dadaism Dadaism was an art movement. The Dadaists were mainly a group of ill-organized artists experimenting with bizarre art and literature. The artists wanted to take modern art into a direction that would broaden the meaning of "what art was and could be".


23 Cars Possibly the most significant change during the 20's was the mass
production of the Car started by Henry Ford, he had manufactured and sold 15 million Model-Ts by 1927 Nicknamed Tin Lizzie Only available in black

24 The Bad Gangsters, Crime and Prohibition WCTU against drinking
Prohibition-18th amendment-Volstead Act Illegal drinking establishments-speakeasies Rise of bootlegging Al Capone

25 Alphonsus Capone
Scarface Capone had a leading role in the illegal activities that lent Chicago its reputation as a lawless city. 100,000,000 a year income 80-90% of cops on payroll in Chicago Enemy Bugs Moran “St Valentines Day massacre Final arrest Dies

26 Racism Rise of KKK More than 10,000 marchers on Pennsylvania Ave.

27 Red Scare The 'First Red Scare' began during World War I in which the United States fought from The First Red Scare was "a nation-wide anti-radical hysteria provoked by a mounting fear and anxiety (of Communism) that a Bolshevik revolution in America was imminent--a revolution that would destroy property, church, home, marriage, civility, and the American way of life."

28 The Ugly Sacco and Vanzetti anarchists U.S.
Anti-immigrant (xenophobic) Found guilty and executed

29 Scopes Monkey Trial Evolution vs. Creationism
William Jennings Bryant/Clarence Darrow

30 Great Depression-Causes
Installment plan purchasing (overextending credit)

31 Buying stocks on margin

32 Overproduction of crops

33 Uneven distribution of wealth

34 Problems of Farmers Crop Surpluses

35 Major Problem of 1930’s Economic collapse

36 Stock Market Crash Record number of people selling stocks

37 Effects of the Great Depression
Millions unemployed Malnutrition in children Fewer marriages

38 Hoover’s Reaction People should be self reliant
Charitable contributions Government should not intervene

39 Dust Bowl Overfarming, drought, and high winds on the Great Plains

40 FDR-Franklin Delano Roosevelt

41 Criticisms of the New Deal
President Roosevelt took on too much power Created a large federal government Raised taxes among the rich

42 New Deal Programs still in use today
Social Security FDIC Unemployment Welfare SEC-Securities and Exchange commission

43 The New Deal’s goals: Relief - to the unemployed, Reform of business and financial practices Recovery of the economy

44 Relief (Short Term) Some New Deal programs were designed mainly to provide relief to needy families, most commonly by creating jobs for the unemployed.  An example would be the CCC which immediately put men back to work

45 Recovery-Intermediate Relief
Other New Deal efforts were aimed mainly at recovery from the economic slump. Tennessee Valley Authority, had a double purpose.  It did create thousands of jobs, but also was aimed at helping the Southeastern states recover from the depression by providing cheap electricity and reducing flooding.  

46 Reform-Long Term Relief
reform improved the stability and honesty in business practices SEC-Watchdog group to make sure businesses do not commit fraud and keep stock market honest. Martha Stewart

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