Presentation on theme: "We will learn… How oil and natural gas are formed Where they are found How they are extracted from the ground What products we use every day are made from."— Presentation transcript:
We will learn… How oil and natural gas are formed Where they are found How they are extracted from the ground What products we use every day are made from petroleum Introduction to Oil and Natural Gas
Fossil Fuels – Natures Batteries 80% of the worlds energy comes from fossil fuels Oil Natural gas Coal
Fossil fuels were forming before dinosaurs lived
How do oil and gas get from the ground into products we use?
Drilling and Production Engineers use the geology map to drill a well under the Earths surface using a rig If successful, the well will bring a steady flow of oil and gas to the surface
Where Do Oil and Gas Come From? Microscopic View GasOil Water Source Rock (Fossils) Oil drops in grains of sand
Oil and Gas Are Found On Land and under Water
Oils and Gas Are Often Found Together Oil is a liquid Gas is in a gaseous (invisible) state – like air Oil and gas move through sand as a team
Extraction After the rig is removed, a pump is placed on the well head. An electric motor drives a gear box that moves a lever. The lever pushes and pulls, forcing the pump up and down, and creates a suction that draws up the oil.
Transportation Crude oil and refined products are transported across the water in barges and tankers. On land crude oil and products are moved using pipelines, trucks, and trains. Photo above courtesy of BP