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Making presentations Psych 231: Research Methods in Psychology.

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Presentation on theme: "Making presentations Psych 231: Research Methods in Psychology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Making presentations Psych 231: Research Methods in Psychology

2 Announcements Dont forget: Class experiment papers are due in labs this week I am accepting extra credit blue cards and extra credit journal summaries

3 Presentations Presenting your research Posters Talks Papers

4 Why do presentations? To present your work/theory/research Get feedback It is an opportunity for peers to ask you questions about your work For you to ask them questions You want your audience to walk away remembering a few key points So your goal is to be as clear as possible

5 Rough sketch of a presentation Introduction of the issue Background information Specific hypotheses Design Results Interpret the results General Conclusions Hourglass shape Broad Specifics of your study Broad

6 Preparation Consider your audience - who are they, what do they want, what do they already know Start collecting the things that you think that youll need - graphs, tables, pictures, examples, data analyses, etc. Determine the key points that you want them to remember focus your presentation on these points Camping trip analogy Your initial pack usually has too much stuff Need to figure out what to take out Practice, rehearse, and then practice again

7 Poster content Stick to the hourglass shape for content Balance of text and figures Use bullet points Give example stimuli Use large enough font to read from 6 feet away End with 3 or 4 key take home points

8 Brief checklist for the poster Initial sketch/outline Rough layout Balance (text/pictures, data/conclusions) Typography Movement Simplicity Final layout

9 Title Authors and affiliation Introduction Not a lot of detail Just the main points Hypotheses & predictions Methods Not a lot of detail just the main points Participants Design IVs & DVs Examples of stimuli Results Graphs/tables Bullet points of main results Conclusions 3 or 4 take home points Potential limitations References If you cite something give the full reference

10 Title Authors and affiliation Introduction MethodsResults ConclusionsReferences

11 The pen is mightier than the brush: Using mnemonics Leon DaVinci and Bill Shakespear Illinois State University Remembering things is often a challenge in everyday life. What was I supposed to get at the grocery store? (Cutting, 2000) We examined two factors We predicted: mnemonic devices will help memory for both pictures and words effect larger for words than pictures 900 native English speakers 2 x 2 between groups design Measured the percent correctly recalled items from a free recall procedure 24 pictures and words Stimulus type matters: participants remembered words better than pictures Use of mnemonic devices helps memory performance Potential limitations Cutting J. C. (2000). Finding things in your house. Journal of Memory and Stuff, 17, pg 1-230. mnemonics No mnemonics Percent recall pictures words Results main effect of stimulus type main effect of mnemonic no interaction stimulus type: pictures/words use of mnemonics Introduction Methods Conclusions References wordspictures books frog

12 Presentation of the poster Arrive early and set up Author(s) stand next to poster Have a short walk through presentation ready Answer questions (also ask questions) Handout copies of the poster available (sometimes), or a request sign-up

13 Your posters (our checklist) Content Introduction Problem of interest Very brief summary of past research Basic purpose of experiment(s) Hypotheses Method Brief but clear Design Materials Procedure (brief)

14 Your posters (our checklist) Content cont. Results Descriptive statistics Inferential results Discussion Hypothesis rejected or supported Implication of results A few take home points References Tables and figures Useful info to reader Easy to understand

15 Your posters (our checklist) Format Overall clarity Organization Font size Figure/text balance Title Authors

16 Different kinds of talks Research Presentations (typically 10 to 30 mins) Paper with respondent Panel Presentation Workshop

17 Talk Content Create a logical progression to the talk Hourglass shape Work on the transitions between slides Be brief, but include enough details so that the audience can follow the arguments Use slides to help simplify/clarify points Include tables, graphs, pictures, etc. Dont just read the slides but do walk through those that need it (e.g. graphs of results) Be careful of jargon, explain terms (if in fact you really need them)

18 Presentation of the talk Make it smooth (lots of practice will help) Watch your speaking rate (again, practice) Maintain eye contact with whole audience Emphasize the key points, make sure that the audience can identify these Point to the slides if it helps Beware jokes, can be a double-edged sword Dont go over your time

19 Dealing with questions Repeat the question in your own words so that the rest of the audience can hear it to make sure that you understood the question to buy yourself some time to think about the answer Try not to be nervous you know your study better than anyone else When preparing, try to think of likely questions and prepare answers

20 Checklist for the talk Preparation Analyze the audience Choose your main points etc. Prepare the Final Outline fix any problems/loose ends Construct your speaking outline e.g., the note cards that youll read Rehearse, rehearse, rehearse

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