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Tony Weis UWO Geography The meat of the food crisis.

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Presentation on theme: "Tony Weis UWO Geography The meat of the food crisis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tony Weis UWO Geography The meat of the food crisis

2 LESTER BROWN: ~ 800 M motorists vs. 2 B poorest

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5 challenging narratives… a hungry planet that needs improved yields an asymmetrically meaty planet that needs to urgently reassess how efficiency is understood and reorganize how food is produced vs.

6 The Ecological Hoofprint 1.Scale 2.Inequality 3.Inefficiency

7 the meatification of diets + class disparities ? vector of development & inequality data: FAOSTATS

8 WORLD POPULATION 20% 5% 25% 15% 3% 6.4% data: FAOSTATS

9 the Big 3 data: FAOSTATS

10 70% The Soaring 2 > 2 X data: FAOSTATS

11 the Big 3 data: FAOSTATS

12 2.3 x increase data: FAOSTATS

13 The other population bomb livestock humans 3.6 x increase data: FAOSTATS

14 slaughtered livestock humans 7.1 x increase data: FAOSTATS

15 -in the US, more chickens killed in 1 day today than were killed all year in 1930

16 China today ~ 1 / 5 humanity >½ worlds pigs Edward Burtynsky

17 1.5 x 4.1 x data: FAOSTATS

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19 The Industrial Grain-Oilseed-Livestock Complex data: FAOSTATS

20 source source: Global Hunger Index (2010) p.c. meat hunger hotspots

21 data: FAOSTATS

22 Soaking up the surplus

23 from a deflationary millstone… …to a steadily growing source of low margin earnings large-scale farmers, processors, and traders Get big or get out

24 The Industrial Grain-Oilseed-Livestock Complex industrial monocultures & animals both disarticulated and entwined

25 Modern agriculture has become the art of turning oil into food. -B. Clark & R. York (2008:13) INEFFICIENCY: biophysical overrides for scale & simplification

26 Our Ecological Hoofprint

27 grain-fed livestock: reverse protein factories (Lappe)

28 -much useable nutrition lost in cycling grains and oilseeds through livestock -intensification of livestock production =extra land area + resources needed for agriculture + additional atmospheric & water footprints

29 Increasing attention…

30 - clearing forested land - fertilizer (prodn + transport) - farm vehicles - ruminant flatulence the Atmospheric Hoofprint

31 uneven atmospheric footprints populationSized by: carbon footprint

32 Our Ecological Hoofprint 1.Scale 2.Inequality 3.Inefficiency 4. Inter-species relations

33 ethical dimensions of humanitys footprint …[also] relate to how sentient life has been commodified; in other words, how the lives of individual animals are dominated to serve human economies and how extreme violence has been systematized and pushed into the unconscious. (Weis 2007:40) the intimate commodity

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35 non-industrial agriculture: relatively closed-loop cycles of biological and physical materials and managed diversity mechanization standardization / biological simplification soil mining biophysical overrides increased vulnerability to insects, weeds, fungus, disease inorganic fertilizer chemical pesticides enhanced seeds and reduced soil moisture increased irrigation increased water disarticulation of livestock from land + speeding turnover (factory farming) pharmaceuticals & mutilations distance & durability of food increasing refining, processing, and food miles Agriculture as through-flow process contingent on external inputs INPUTS OUTPUTS hinge on FOSSIL ENERGY & DERIVATIVES carbon emissions Modern agriculture has become the art of turning oil into food. -B. Clark & R. York (2008:13)

36 Phil Testamale

37 non-industrial agriculture: relatively closed-loop cycles of biological and physical materials and managed diversity soil mining increased vulnerability to insects, weeds, fungus, disease enhanced seeds and reduced soil moisture mechanization standardization / biological simplification inorganic fertilizer N, P, K chemical pesticides insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, disinfectants increased irrigation disarticulation of livestock from land + speeding turnover (factory farming) pharmaceuticals & mutilations


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