Presentation on theme: "THE WIDER TERRITORIAL CONTEXT EUROPE IN THE WORLD Espon 2013 Programme Open Seminar 2-3 June 2008, Portoroz (Slovenia) Claude GRASLAND & the members of."— Presentation transcript:
THE WIDER TERRITORIAL CONTEXT EUROPE IN THE WORLD Espon 2013 Programme Open Seminar 2-3 June 2008, Portoroz (Slovenia) Claude GRASLAND & the members of project ESPON 3.4.1 RIATE : B. Corminboeuf, C. Didelon, N. Lambert, I. Salmon, C. Dupuy-Levy - IGEAT : L. Aujean, G. Van Hammes, P. Medina, C. Vandermotten - ITPS: M. Johansson, D. Rauhut -LADYSS : P. Beckouche, Y. Richard, G. Motte -UMR Géographie-cités : N. Cattan, C. Grasland, C. Grataloup, G. Lesecq, C. Zanin - CRS HAS: G. Barta - TIGRIS O. Groza, ETH Zurich : M. Keiner -GRUPO SOGES : A. Vanolo – ORMES : M. Charef, A. Whabi – NORDREGIO : C. Smith
I.Mental Maps & Political visions II. European « Influence area » III. Proposals for ESPON 2013 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008
PART 1 MENTAL MAPS AND POLITICAL VISIONS
Question 1 : Draw on the following map a line defining YOUR delimitation of europe ?
An example of (complicated) Answer
Result of the survey on ESPON members
Question 2 : Draw on the following map lines defining YOUR division of the World in 2 to 15 regions
An example of (very) sophisticated answer …
The debate … "We in Poland make a distinction between the southern dimension and the eastern dimension [of the ENP] and it consists in this -- to the south, we have neighbors of Europe, to the east we have European neighbors," Sikorski said. Portorož
Part II DEFINITION OF ESPON (EU27+2) NEIGHBROURHOOD
A THEORETICAL APPROACH
AN EMPIRICAL APPROACH
Criteria 1 : ACCESSIBILITY
Criteria 2 : LINKS
Criteria 3 : INTERACTIONS
Criteria 4 : COMPLEMENTARITIES
SYNTHETIC INDEX OF INFLUENCE
Type A : Integration (Ukrainia, Tunisia, Russia, Turkey, …) States localised in the immediate neighbourhood of EU+2 whose trade and air relations are strongly polarised by EU+2. They do not necessary share a common language or religion but they are fully integrated to EU+2 from functional point of view and their delimitation fit to the area of the neighbourhood policy What is at stake is not the question of membership to EU or belonging to Europe but the existence of an area of cooperation based on proximity and complementarities.
Type B : Responsability (Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal, Congo, …) States for which EU+2 has a great responsibility in their future development. First because the historical responsibility of colonization and exploitation of African countries. Second because Africa could be a major centre of the World production in the future and its young population will be an opportunity. Many other world powers are actually investing in this area (Japan, China, Brazil, USA, …) and the historical influence of Europe is decreasing very quickly.
Type C : Opportunity (USA, Australia, Brazil, India, Israël, …) Countries located at relatively long distance from EU+2 but sharing a common language or a common history. They could be very precious allies for EU+2 in a global World were services represented the major part of added value and where scientific and cultural innovations are major factors of long term development. Concern English speaking developed countries like USA, Canada, Australia or New Zealand which has always been in strong relation with European countries (both politically and economically), But also emerging countries (India, Brazil, Mexico) which are crucial strategic partners for the future of Europe as they are actually relatively independent from the influence of other major competitors of European Union (China, Japan, USA).
Type D : Challenge (China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq…) Countries on which EU+2 is less able to have an influence or to develop easily relations because of differences of languages, geographical distance, weakness of historical relations... But those countries are located in a space where energetic resources are great and the economies are the most dynamic. EU+2 countries and firms are actually very attracted and fascinated by this part of the World where they try to invest and to gain positions. But we can really ask if it is a reasonable strategy in long term. The geopolitical and cultural influence of EU+2 countries is indeed particularly week in this part of the world and they have no controls on what could happen in case of economic and political crisis.
Part III SOME PROPOSALS FOR ESPON 2013
PROPOSAL 1 : Link global and local perspectives
PROPOSAL 2 : Explore both northern, eastern and southern neighbourhoods
PROPOSAL 3 : Explore new type of flows and networks linking EU and the World
PROPOSAL 4 : Take into account space time dynamics
PROPOSAL 5 : Improve preliminary visions of Europe in the World