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The Transcontinental Railroad Railroads had already transformed life in the East, but at the end of the Civil War railroad tracks still stopped at the.

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Presentation on theme: "The Transcontinental Railroad Railroads had already transformed life in the East, but at the end of the Civil War railroad tracks still stopped at the."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Transcontinental Railroad Railroads had already transformed life in the East, but at the end of the Civil War railroad tracks still stopped at the Missouri River. For a quarter of a century, men had dreamed of building a line from coast to coast. Now they would attempt to lay 1,775 miles of track from Omaha to Sacramento. Slide #1

3 The Transcontinental Railroad Slide #2 It was 1,775 miles from Omaha, NE to Sacramento, CA.

4 The Transcontinental Railroad A path would have to be cut through mountains higher than any railroad-builder had ever faced; span deserts where there was no water anywhere; and cross treeless prairies where anxious and defiant Indians would resist their passage. Slide #3

5 The Transcontinental Railroad In 1862, Congress gave charters to two companies to build these tracks. The Central Pacific was to push eastward from Sacramento, over the Sierra Nevada mountains. The Union Pacific was to start from Omaha Nebraska, cross the great plains and cut through the Rockies.1862 Slide #4

6 The Transcontinental Railroad The Union Pacific and Central Pacific were soon locked in a race to see who could lay the most track -- and therefore get the most land and money. Somewhere in the West -- no one knew exactly where -- the two lines were supposed to meet. Slide #5

7 The Transcontinental Railroad Theodore Judah discovered a route for the railroad through the Sierra mountains. He and Doc Strong formed the Central Pacific Railroad. They located four Sacramento investors who each purchased $15,000 of stock in the newly born Central Pacific Railroad. These men became known as the Big Four. Slide #6

8 The Transcontinental Railroad The Big Four were Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford and Charles Crocker. Slide #7

9 The Transcontinental Railroad Collis P. Huntington moved to California during the gold rush. The Sacramento hardware store he and Mark Hopkins owned made money selling goods to miners at inflated prices. Slide #8

10 The Transcontinental Railroad Leland Stanford also made a fortune selling supplies to California gold miners. In 1861, he became governor of California and later became president of the Central Pacific Railroad. Slide #9

11 The Transcontinental Railroad Charles Crocker also went to California in search of gold. Like the other Big Four, he too struck it rich after opening a store in Sacramento. Slide #10

12 The Transcontinental Railroad. Stanford Huntington Hopkins Crocker Slide #11 The Central Pacific Railroad made these four investors some of the wealthiest men in America.

13 The Transcontinental Railroad Who were The Big Four? S________ H__________ H_______ C________tanforduntingtonopkinsrocker Slide #12

14 The Transcontinental Railroad In 1862, Congress loaned the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads $16,000 per mile of level track and $48,000 per mile of mountain track. Congress also promised each company 6,400 acres of federal land for every mile of track it laid. Slide #13

15 The Transcontinental Railroad In 1865, Crocker, in charge of construction, found a solution to their work force problem. Besides hiring Irish immigrants who worked for low pay, the Central pacific Railroad employed over 10,000 Chinese immigrants. Slide #14

16 The Transcontinental Railroad In 1866, the CPR had 44 blizzards while trying to tunnel through the Sierras. In 1869, the CPR laid 360 miles of track. On April 28, 1869, the CPR crew set a record of laying 10 miles in twelve hours. Slide #15

17 The Transcontinental Railroad Finally, on May 10, 1869, The CPR and UPR met at Promontory Summit, Utah. The presidents of both railroads, Stanford and Durant, swung at the last gold spike. Slide #16

18 The Transcontinental Railroad Locate Promontory Point on the map below. Slide #17

19 The Impact of the Railroads Before the railroads, each town kept its own time, based on the position of the sun. Railroad companies, however, needed more exact time tables. They devised a system with four time zones – eastern, central, mountain and pacific time. Every place within the same time zone observed the same time. Slide #18

20 The Impact of the Railroads In 1864, George Pullman designed a railroad sleeping car. Slide #19

21 The Impact of the Railroads In 1869, George Westinghouse helped make railway travel safer and faster with the invention of a new air brake. On early trains, each railroad car had its own brakes and brake operator. If different cars stopped at different times, accidents resulted. The new air brake allowed an engineer to stop all the cars at once. Slide #20

22 The Impact of the Railroads Railroad lines also added dining cars where porters, conductors and waiters attended the needs of passengers. Slide #21

23 The Impact of the Railroads The railroads spurred economic growth. Steel- workers turned millions of tons of iron into steel for tracks and engines. Lumberjacks supplied wood for railroad ties. Miners dug coal to fuel the engines. The railroads opened every corner of the country to settlement and growth. Slide #22

24 Credits Slide show created by Marie Sontag, Information gleaned from the following websites: _railroad.html bin/frameit.cgi?p=http%3A//search.biography.com/print_record.pl%3Fid%3D ml bin/frameit.cgi?p=http%3A//search.biography.com/print_record.pl%3Fid%3D bin/frameit.cgi?p=http%3A//search.biography.com/print_record.pl%3Fid%3D


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