We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKameron Blanch
Modified over 2 years ago
Marxism – the basics
Understand all sociologists and social theorists by knowing a little about the time they lived in
Mid- Late Nineteenth Century Britain Unrest and protest – Chartism Long hours, low pay Periodic unemployment No Welfare State No universal right to vote
Mid-Nineteenth Century Europe Revolution in France Revolutions elsewhere in Europe Times of Turmoil
Marxs insight: Its all about money
Some have it…… They are called capitalists (or the bourgeoisie)
Others dont ….. They are called the workers (or the proletariat)
Capitalists and workers are thrown together into relations of production
They dont get on too well
Capitalists want the maximum PROFIT – and the lowest costs
Workers want the highest wage for the least work
These two groups are locked in mortal combat
The Capitalists compete with each other. The successful capitalists get richer and richer
… and the failed capitalists fall down into the working class
The workers meanwhile are more and more exploited by the remaining capitalists – they get poorer and poorer
Marx said that eventually the workers will rise up in revolution against the capitalist class A new communist society will be created
The backstory What is making all this happen?
Marx has a theory its because societies are always made from two parts
The Base The base is like the foundations of a building. Marxists say the economy (the means of production) is the base
And the superstructure The rest of the building which is built on the foundations The superstructure means all the other parts of society – culture, the state, education
The economic base determines (shapes) the superstructure
So this is called The base-superstructure model Superstructure Base
Social Control in capitalist society is achieved through ideology - ruling class ideology
The ruling ideas in any time are always those of the ruling class
The working class may suffer from false consciousness – not understanding their true class position
Not a bad theory – but there are several criticisms which can be made of it
Its not all about money – this is economically reductionist e.g. what about ideas, culture, religion?
Marxism makes people appear to be dominated by structures Puppets or People with the ability to act?
Gender and Race blind - the only social groupings it seems to recognise are classes
Now – over to you – weigh it up. Like any theory it has good points and bad points - but hopefully you will find it can explain some things about your society ?
Marxism – the basics. Karl Marx Mid- Late Nineteenth Century Britain Unrest and protest – Chartism Long hours, low pay Periodic unemployment.
Karl Marx I: Historical Materialism. Key points of todays lectures (i): 1) Marx not a sociologist like Durkheim, but a revolutionary who wanted to radically.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
Karl Marx - Historical Materialism. Marx & Historical Materialism 1) History of Marx & Marxism 2) Influences 3) Basic concepts (Aims of sociology, human.
High Frequency Words List A Group 1. the of and.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
Lets build fluency! The people By the water You and I.
Can you see?. I like him. When will we go? All or some.
In this chapter, you will learn how societies have different economic systems – traditional, free enterprise, socialist, or communist. Each of these systems.
Dolch Words the of and to a in that is was.
Discourse, Power, and Ideology (or, why we think how we do, speak how we do, and act how we do)
High-Frequency Phrases First 100 Words. The people.
Oral Reading Fluency First 100 Most Used Phrases.
What is Communism? A Simple Lesson. What is Communism? This is the symbol of Communism – The Hammer and the Sickle Hammer for the Workers Sickle for the.
ROCK PAPER SCISSORS. DEBRIEF 1.How did you feel at the start of the game? 2.How did you feel when you ran out of kisses and had to quit the game? Explain.
A BACKGROUND OF SOCIO- POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY TO ACCOMPANY GEORGE ORWELL’S ANIMAL FARM Basics of Marxism & Totalitarianism.
Theoretical Issues: Structure and Agency Lecture One Dawes: the Two Sociologies.
Karl Marx 2 Critical Sociology. Outline 1)Marxs aims 2)Critique 3)Alienation 4)Alienation and work -Causes / Aspects / Effects / Solutions 5) Criticisms.
Unit 5: Commodification of the Medieval Period Part II The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof from Marx, Capital.
She. up had has the my did its puts but make.
Communist Variations Marxism, Leninist Communism, Stalinist Communism & Maoist Communism The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces,
Then we have. to be there that was in I have a.
GOALS To be a great champion, you must believe you are the best. If you are not, pretend you are. - Muhammad Ali.
Section C – Managerial and individual decision problems Asymmetric information and risk – Main problems: adverse selection and moral hazard Applications.
The Green Light for Mental Health Project. My name is Gwen Ncube. I have been working on a piece of work named the Green Light Project. The Partnership.
Lap 1. the to and he a I you it of in Lap 2.
The adhesion of Turkey to the EU Made by: Denise Tump, Patty Reuser en Laurens Radix Class: G4C.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.