Presentation on theme: "Meeting the Needs of all Learners Dr. Elana Milstein."— Presentation transcript:
Meeting the Needs of all Learners Dr. Elana Milstein
Diversity has become the norm among the students in the classrooms of today (Johnson, 1990) n Languages n Families n Cultural backgrounds n Economics n Experiential background
Student Diversity n Aptitude n Achievement n Interest n Motivation n Needs n Ability
Paradigm Shift in Education: Curriculum Traditional n Major focus on content n Content acquisition n Lock step progress Evolving n Content & process balance n Learning to learn n Continuous progress
Instruction Traditional n Teacher-centered n Single textbook n Single instructional approach n Passive learning Evolving n Child-centered n Resource-based learning n Multiple approaches to instruction n Active learning
Environment Traditional n Competitive n System level management n Supervision of learners n Hierarchical structures Evolving n Cooperative n School-site management n Empowerment of learners n Professional/collegial structures
Students need to become … n Independent n Active n Self-organizing n Responsible n Empowered
Brain Research Confirms what teachers have always known: n No two children are alike. n No two children learn in the identical way. n An enriched environment for one student is not necessarily enriched for another. n In the classroom we should teach children to think for themselves. --Marian Diamond
Differentiation is a philosophy that enables teachers to plan strategically in order to reach the needs of diverse learners in the classrooms. is a philosophy that enables teachers to plan strategically in order to reach the needs of diverse learners in the classrooms.
Differentiation IS NOT u Tracking u A New Strategy u Static u Teaching to the Middle u Synonymous with Individualization
Differentiate? What? Content & Materials Process & Strategies Assessment & Assignments Time Based on readiness and interests
Climate u Effective teachers believe that all children can learn and be successful. u Effective teachers create a climate where all students feel included. u Effective teachers feel that there is potential in each learner and commit to finding the key that will unlock that potential.
Knowing the Learner n We need to know the learner so that we can make sure that the curriculum fits. n We need to know how students access, process, and express information- u We need to know their learning styles. u We need to know their thinking styles.
Assessing the Learner n Just as one size of learning doesnt fit all, one size of assessment doesnt suit either. n We need to pre-assess the learner so that we can find out what they already know. n We need to assess during the learning- use ongoing assessments. n We need to assess after the learning.
Adjustable Assignments n Allow teachers to help students focus on essential skills and understanding key concepts, recognizing that they may be at different levels of readiness. n Students have the opportunity to develop essential skills and understanding at his or her appropriate level of challenge.
Instructional Strategies n Teachers who use a variety of instructional strategies add novelty, choice, and individuality to learning. F As teachers build their repertoire of instructional strategies, they will see how they can adjust the learning for a group of learners and how different strategies appeal to different learners.
Curriculum Approaches n Curriculum can be delivered in many ways so that it will appeal to individual learners u Centers or stations u Projects u Problem-based learning u Inquiry u Contracts
Adaptations in … n Content n Process n Product
Content n Multiple texts n Varied time n Contracts n Compacting n Group investigation
Process n Learning centers n Multiple intelligences n Graphic organizers n Simulations n Learning logs
Product n Independent study n Community–based projects n Multiple intelligence-based orientations n Presentations n Arts n Multimedia
A New Direction Teachers guide students down many paths to a common destination Mary Anne Hess
If children can t learn the way we teach, we should teach them the way they learn.
Differentiated instruction means shaking up what goes on in the classroom so that students have multiple options for taking in information, making sense of ideas, and expressing what they learn. Carol Ann Tomlinson
Differentiated Classroom: What is it? Differentiated instruction is not a strategy to be used from time to time, not a bag of tricks approach. Its a way of thinking about teaching and learning. ~ Carol Ann Tomlinson~
Differentiated instruction is not a strategy to be used from time to time, not a bag of tricks approach. Its a way of thinking about teaching and learning. ~ Carol Ann Tomlinson~