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Reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) An overview of the current process and its implications for UNESCO BSP/PMR, July 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "Reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) An overview of the current process and its implications for UNESCO BSP/PMR, July 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) An overview of the current process and its implications for UNESCO BSP/PMR, July 2002

2 A.Defining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Why the MDGs ? What are the MDGs ?

3 Why the MDGs ? The 1990s: a decade of faltering progress progress continued progress continued … but too slowly to reach agreed targets … but too slowly to reach agreed targets … and slowing down … and slowing down Under-5 mortality rate Maternal mortality rate Child malnutrition Water and sanitation Income poverty Primary education MDGs are meant to accelerate progress

4 ?MDGs were set by all Government leaders at the UN Millennium Summit, September 2000) ?All UN organisations decided to be guided by MDGs in their future action: unity of purpose, coherent action, synergies and strategic approaches by the UN system as a whole (guided by CEB) ?Leaders pledged to strive, individually and collectively, towards these goals through international, regional and national action, concerted by the UN. What are the MDGs ?

5 MDGs are a combination of … Millennium Goals … Emanate from UN Summits and Conferences of the 1990s… Emanate from UN Summits and Conferences of the 1990s… … proposed in the UN Secretary-Generals Millennium Report: « We, the peoples: the role of the United Nations in the 21st century » … proposed in the UN Secretary-Generals Millennium Report: « We, the peoples: the role of the United Nations in the 21st century » … and endorsed in the United Nations Millennium Declaration (8 September 2000) … and endorsed in the United Nations Millennium Declaration (8 September 2000) 7 areas explicitly addressed in the Millennium Declaration: Peace, security and disarmament Peace, security and disarmament Development and poverty eradication Development and poverty eradication Protecting our common environment Protecting our common environment Human rights, democracy and good governance Human rights, democracy and good governance Protecting the vulnerable Protecting the vulnerable Meeting the special needs of Africa Meeting the special needs of Africa Strengthening the United Nations Strengthening the United Nations Development goals & targets

6 … and of International Development Goals (IDGs) For several of these key areas, specific indicators were included in the Millennium Declaration – constituting the international development goals (IDG) For several of these key areas, specific indicators were included in the Millennium Declaration – constituting the international development goals (IDG) Subsequently, IDGs from other declarations were combined and harmonised with the IDGs set in the Millennium Declaration goals Subsequently, IDGs from other declarations were combined and harmonised with the IDGs set in the Millennium Declaration goals The resulting set of goals, numerical targets and quantifiable indicators to assess progress constitute the Millennium Development Goals… The resulting set of goals, numerical targets and quantifiable indicators to assess progress constitute the Millennium Development Goals… … presented in the SGs Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration (September 2001) … presented in the SGs Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration (September 2001)

7 MDGs: 8 goals, 18 targets, 48 indicators (as of 22 May 2002) Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4. Reduce child mortality Goal 5. Improve maternal health Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development For each goal: one or several targets; one or several indicators However, several key areas identified have not been captured adequately or at all See list of MDGs (goals, targets and indicators) See list of MDGs (goals, targets and indicators)

8 MDGs: Drawbacks and lacunae Essential goals/targets/indicators are missing from the MDGs – especially in areas of concern to UNESCO. However… … they may be referred to in other provisions of the Millennium Declaration,… … or in other 1990s Conference documents, including those convened by UNESCO. Principle: « The list of millennium development goals does not undercut in any way agreements on other goals and targets reached at the global conferences of the 1990s. (Kofi Annan, Road Map…, September 2001)

9 B.Progressing towards the MDGs ? Overall strategy ? Key instruments and mechanisms ? Coordinating and monitoring progress

10 Proposed overall strategy for achieving the MDGs (as of 7 June 2002) Three complementary initiatives: the Millennium Project, a research initiative to be led by Professor Sachs, under guidance of UNSG and UNDP Admnistrator, including (1) a UN Expert Group (with UNESCO representation), (2) an International advisory panel, (3) 10 Task Forces (UNESCO to play a role) the Millennium Project, a research initiative to be led by Professor Sachs, under guidance of UNSG and UNDP Admnistrator, including (1) a UN Expert Group (with UNESCO representation), (2) an International advisory panel, (3) 10 Task Forces (UNESCO to play a role) the Millennium Reports, an effort to oversee comprehensive global and national reporting and monitoring of progress, and the Millennium Reports, an effort to oversee comprehensive global and national reporting and monitoring of progress, and the Global Millennium Campaign, a special initiative aimed at building awareness and creating new coalitions for action across North and South for development generally and the MDGs in particular. the Global Millennium Campaign, a special initiative aimed at building awareness and creating new coalitions for action across North and South for development generally and the MDGs in particular. with emphasis on: country-level action and reporting country-level action and reporting greater system-wide coordination greater system-wide coordination See text Jeffrey Sachs See text Jeffrey Sachs

11 Global coordination and monitoring Campaign manager and scorekeeper for the MDGs within the UN system: Mark Malloch Brown (in his capacity as Chair of the UNDG) (December 2001); Campaign manager and scorekeeper for the MDGs within the UN system: Mark Malloch Brown (in his capacity as Chair of the UNDG) (December 2001); SGs Special Adviser on the MDGs : Professor Jeffrey Sachs, Director, Earth Institute,Columbia University, with a brief to work closely with Mr Malloch Brown on these issues (February 2002) SGs Special Adviser on the MDGs : Professor Jeffrey Sachs, Director, Earth Institute,Columbia University, with a brief to work closely with Mr Malloch Brown on these issues (February 2002) DESA/SG: annual reports to the General Assembly: comprehensive (every 5 years beginning in 2005) and thematic (yearly): DESA/SG: annual reports to the General Assembly: comprehensive (every 5 years beginning in 2005) and thematic (yearly): - 2002: preventing armed conflicts and the treatment and prevention of diseases; - 2003: financing or development and strategies for sustainable development; - 2004: bridging the digital divide and curbing transnational crime

12 MDGs: Key actors United Nations Development Group (UNDG) – with UNESCO as a member United Nations Development Group (UNDG) – with UNESCO as a member Chief Executives Board (CEB; formerly ACC) – with UNESCO as a member Chief Executives Board (CEB; formerly ACC) – with UNESCO as a member UN Country Teams UN Country Teams

13 Key role of UNDG in system-wide & country-level mobilization for MDGs Executive Committee UNDP (Chair)UNICEFUNFPAWFP UNIFEMDESA UNCTAD UNAIDS IFAD UNDCP OHCHRUNCHS UN-HabitatUNOPS FAO, ILO, UNIDO, WHO UNESCORegional Commissions High Commissioner for Human Rights Special Representative of the SG for Children in Armed Conflict Observer: World Bank

14 UNDG and its machinery UNDG Executive Committee supported by UNDP Development Group Office (DGO) as secretariat UNDG Programme Committee UNDG Working Group on MDGs Millennium Campaign Unit Millennium Project Expert Group and other ad hoc groups, as required

15 The arbiter : the Chief Executives Board - CEB (former ACC) 27 Members UNDP UNDP UNFPA UNFPA UNICEF UNICEF WFP WFP ODCCP ODCCP UNHCR UNHCR IFAD IFAD UNCTAD UNCTAD UNEP UNEP ILO FAO UNESCO UNIDO WHO World Bank IMF UNRWA UNRWA ITU ITU ICAO ICAO UPU UPU WMO WMO WIPO WIPO IAEA IAEA WTO WTO UN UN ­ DESA ­ OCHA ­ HCHR ­ Reg. Coms. ­ UNU ­ UNITAR Assisted by the High-Level Committee on Programmes (HLCP) and the High-Level Committee on Management (HLCM). See Minutes of the CEB retreat in Rome (11 April 2002) on MDGs See Minutes of the CEB retreat in Rome (11 April 2002) on MDGs

16 MDGs: Key instruments The Common Country Assessment (CCA) – United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) The Common Country Assessment (CCA) – United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) MDG Country reports MDG Country reports N.B.: these instruments are new or being revised

17 A thoroughly re-oriented CCA/UNDAF Goal: to create a single common development assistance framework (UNDAF) for all UN programmes at country-level, with common objectives and time frame, Goal: to create a single common development assistance framework (UNDAF) for all UN programmes at country-level, with common objectives and time frame, identifying priorities for action identifying priorities for action identifying areas where the UN can make a significant, strategic difference (especially in favor of the poorest and most vulnerable) – including in UNESCO domains identifying areas where the UN can make a significant, strategic difference (especially in favor of the poorest and most vulnerable) – including in UNESCO domains strengthening the coherence of the UN system as a whole strengthening the coherence of the UN system as a whole Being revised to include MDG targets and indicators, which are now an essential sub-set in the 2002 revised CCA Indicator Framework Being revised to include MDG targets and indicators, which are now an essential sub-set in the 2002 revised CCA Indicator Framework See 2002 Revised ACC/UNDAF Guidelines See 2002 Revised ACC/UNDAF Guidelines

18 A UNDP-coordinated initiative A UNDP-coordinated initiative ? An essential tool for country-level coordination and monitoring ? Mainly descriptive, not prescriptive or analytical ? Adapted to country priorities (relevant goals, targets, indicators) ? Several pilot reports already completed (Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Madagascar, Mauritius, Tanzania and Viet Nam), 40 more in preparation in 2002. By the end of 2004, every programme country is expected to produce at least one MDGR in time for the Secretary- Generals global report on MDG progress in 2005. MDG Country Reports

19 Status of UNESCOs involvement Revised CCA-UNDAF: need to be involved in the 5 UNDG pilot countries selected (Benin, Ecuador, Kenya, Madagascar and Pakistan) Revised CCA-UNDAF: need to be involved in the 5 UNDG pilot countries selected (Benin, Ecuador, Kenya, Madagascar and Pakistan) Country-level MDG Reports: need to develop UNESCOs involvement Country-level MDG Reports: need to develop UNESCOs involvement Problem: insufficient presence in many countries Problem: insufficient presence in many countries CEB and UNDG (including CEBs HLGP and UNDGsWorking Group on MDGs) CEB and UNDG (including CEBs HLGP and UNDGsWorking Group on MDGs)

20 C.Implications for UNESCO How comprehensive ? How comprehensive ? ? Some major issues ? Immediate challenges for UNESCO

21 How comprehensive are MDGs? Are the strategic interests and programmatic priorities of UNESCO adequately reflected in the MDGs ? Are the strategic interests and programmatic priorities of UNESCO adequately reflected in the MDGs ? Do MDGs sufficiently incorporate existing goals, commitments and plans of action set by or developed within UNESCO ? Do MDGs sufficiently incorporate existing goals, commitments and plans of action set by or developed within UNESCO ?

22 MDGs and natural sciences Millennium Declaration aims at « Protecting our common environment » Millennium Declaration aims at « Protecting our common environment » The word « science » is not mentioned at all in the Millennium Declaration The word « science » is not mentioned at all in the Millennium Declaration No mention of ethics of science (« new ethic of preservation and stewarship ») No mention of ethics of science (« new ethic of preservation and stewarship ») MDGs focus on environmental sustainability, with strong implications for UNESCOs water-related programmes MDGs focus on environmental sustainability, with strong implications for UNESCOs water-related programmes Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Target 9: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources Target 10: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water

23 MDGs and social and human sciences Millennium Declaration strongly emphasizes the role of human rights, and the values of freedom, justice, solidarity and shared responsibility Millennium Declaration strongly emphasizes the role of human rights, and the values of freedom, justice, solidarity and shared responsibility MDG # 8 on « Develop a Global Partnership for Development » MDG # 8 on « Develop a Global Partnership for Development » Target # 11 related to slum-dwellers Target # 11 related to slum-dwellers

24 MDGs and culture The Millennium Declaration addresses culture of peace and dialogue among civilizations, and cultural diversity, but only in its part on « Values and principles »: « Human beings must respect one other, in all their diversity of belief, culture and language. Differences within and between societies should be neither feared nor repressed, but cherished as a precious asset of humanity. A culture of peace and dialogue among all civilizations should be actively promoted. The Millennium Declaration addresses culture of peace and dialogue among civilizations, and cultural diversity, but only in its part on « Values and principles »: « Human beings must respect one other, in all their diversity of belief, culture and language. Differences within and between societies should be neither feared nor repressed, but cherished as a precious asset of humanity. A culture of peace and dialogue among all civilizations should be actively promoted. There are no culture-related MDGs There are no culture-related MDGs

25 MDGs and communication - information NICTs, freedom of the media and right of the public to have access to information strongly advocated in the Millennium Declaration NICTs, freedom of the media and right of the public to have access to information strongly advocated in the Millennium Declaration No mention of the « digital divide » in the Millennium Declaration No mention of the « digital divide » in the Millennium Declaration MDG Target 18: « In co-operation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications » MDG Target 18: « In co-operation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications » Indicator 47. Telephone lines per 1000 people Indicator 48. Personal computers per 1000 people Other Indicators to be developed

26 MDGs and education Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling 6. Net enrolment ratio in primary education 7. Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5 8. Literacy rate of 15-24-year-olds Other related goals/targets/indicators (HIV/AIDS, poverty, …) + Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women 9. Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education 10. Ratio of literate females to males of 15-to-24-year- olds (including) Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and to all levels of education no later than 2015

27 Education MDGs and EFA : establishing linkages MDG goals: By 2015, to ensure that children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling By 2015, to ensure that children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005 and to all levels of education no later than 2015. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005 and to all levels of education no later than 2015. EFA goals: 1. Early childhood education 2. UPE (free, compulsory and of quality) by 2015 3. Learning needs of young people and adults 4. Adult literacy increase by 50% by 2015 5. Gender parity by 2005 (primary and secondary), gender equality by 2015 6. Quality of education NB: The UNGASS on Children (May 2002) set a 90 percent target for primary education by 2010

28 Major challenges for UNESCO 1. Ensuring a proper reflection of UNESCOs priorities, content-wise and process-wise 2. Ensuring UNESCOs participation and representation at global (UNDG/CEB)/country- level (UN country team) 3. Sensitising all UNESCO programme managers that ALL UNESCO programmes must henceforth be related to and cast in the context of MDGs This is a problem shared by all specialized agencies (e.g.: ILO, WHO, FAO…)

29 Some immediate requirements for UNESCO 1. Contribute to review of CCA/UNDAFs for 5 pilot countries (Benin, Ecuador, Kenya, Madagascar and Pakistan) 2. Contribute to work of UN country teams in pursuit of MDG Global Campaign and national MDG reports 3. Contribute to monitoring and reporting on MDG attainment (including UIS involvement) 4. Contribute to (UNDP) Human Development Report 2003 (with its focus on MDGs) …/…

30 …/… Solidify UNESCOs presence, participation and substantive contribution on all issues raised within UNDG and its sub-groups Solidify UNESCOs presence, participation and substantive contribution on all issues raised within UNDG and its sub-groups Senior presence at major intergovernmental events (such as ECOSOC, General Assembly) to pursue UNESCOs strategic interests Senior presence at major intergovernmental events (such as ECOSOC, General Assembly) to pursue UNESCOs strategic interests In-house information, communication and training (of staff at HQ+field) on MDGs In-house information, communication and training (of staff at HQ+field) on MDGs

31 MDG monitoring and reporting requirements At the global level: At the global level: contribute to thematic reports emanating from Prof. Sachs MDG Project; contribute to thematic reports emanating from Prof. Sachs MDG Project; obtain agreement of all partners that EFA Monitoring Report serve as the main global reporting tool on the two education-related MDGs and other international MDG- related instruments (such as PRSPs); obtain agreement of all partners that EFA Monitoring Report serve as the main global reporting tool on the two education-related MDGs and other international MDG- related instruments (such as PRSPs); contribute to the statutory annual reporting to DESA. contribute to the statutory annual reporting to DESA. At the national level: At the national level: contribute and highlight UNESCO input to country-level MDG Reports; contribute and highlight UNESCO input to country-level MDG Reports; contribute to CCA-UNDAF activities at the country-level. contribute to CCA-UNDAF activities at the country-level.

32 Solidify UNESCOs presence, participation and contribution to UNDG Designate offices responsible for substantive input at HQ Designate offices responsible for substantive input at HQ Ensure substantive capacity by NYO, beyond present factual reporting on developments Ensure substantive capacity by NYO, beyond present factual reporting on developments Mainstream knowledge about MDGs and promote linkage to MDGs in activities of all Programme Sectors and Field Offices Mainstream knowledge about MDGs and promote linkage to MDGs in activities of all Programme Sectors and Field Offices Raise UNESCOs profile in MDG-related fora: Raise UNESCOs profile in MDG-related fora: at the global level (CEB, UNDG; sectoral contributions to CCA/UNDAF) at the global level (CEB, UNDG; sectoral contributions to CCA/UNDAF) at the country-level : preparation of CCA/UNDAF and MDG country reports (NB: this may have budgetary implications) at the country-level : preparation of CCA/UNDAF and MDG country reports (NB: this may have budgetary implications) Emphasize relevance to MDGs of existing frameworks and mechanisms where UNESCO plays or can play a lead / coordinating / significant role (especially EFA) Emphasize relevance to MDGs of existing frameworks and mechanisms where UNESCO plays or can play a lead / coordinating / significant role (especially EFA) Promote UNESCO issues (cultural diversity, dialogue, peace, science, communication, quality education, etc.) in context of MDG pursuit and within framework of UNDG/CEB. Promote UNESCO issues (cultural diversity, dialogue, peace, science, communication, quality education, etc.) in context of MDG pursuit and within framework of UNDG/CEB.

33 In-house information, communication and training Demonstrate UNESCOs institutional commitment Demonstrate UNESCOs institutional commitment ? give higher profile to MDGs in institutional information -- including C/4, C/5, regional strategies, EX/GC documents, speeches, press releases, etc. ? contribute to UNDGs Communication Strategy at all levels (including country-level). ? develop MDG-related UNESCO Website (in progress by BSP, at www.unesco.org/bsp) ? ensure timely information and backstopping to sectors and Field Offices on scheduled ACC/UNDAF, PRSPs, etc. + Increase in-house awareness ? develop staff training modules on interagency cooperation – including revised CCA/UNDAF, MDGs and UN reform processes – with special focus on Field staff (drawing on sample modules by other UNDG/CEB organisations). ? reflect on the effectivesness of UNESCOs past interagency contribution and develop a strategy for enhancing influence and impact.

34 http://www.unesco.org/bsp/eng/mdg.htm


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