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The Intertestamental Period. Amos Old Testament completed 400 BC Birth of Jesus 5 BC? Malachi? 400 Silent Years.

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Presentation on theme: "The Intertestamental Period. Amos Old Testament completed 400 BC Birth of Jesus 5 BC? Malachi? 400 Silent Years."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Intertestamental Period

2 Amos Old Testament completed 400 BC Birth of Jesus 5 BC? Malachi? 400 Silent Years

3 Amos Old Testament completed 400 BC Alexander conquers the Persian Empire 331 BC Birth of Jesus 5 BC? Persian Empire Malachi? Alexander the Great

4 Tyre Alexander the Great of Macedonia, 332 B.C.

5 Fall of Tyre on July B.C. Fall of Tyre on July B.C. Seven month siege Seven month siege

6 Alexander at Jerusalem Alexander at Jerusalem And when the book of Daniel was showed him, wherein Daniel declared that one of the Greeks should destroy the empire of the Persians, he supposed that himself was the person intended; and he was then glad. (Antiquities 11:8:5).

7 Cultural interchange from east to west Cultural interchange from east to west Scientific learning Scientific learning Hellenization Hellenization Greek language Greek language Alexanders death Alexanders death The World of Alexander

8 Ptolemy Antigonus the one-eyed Cassander Seleucus Lysimachus

9 Ptolemy II Philadelphus Pharos Lighthouse Pharos Lighthouse Library of Alexandria Library of Alexandria Septuagint Septuagint War with the Seleucids War with the Seleucids

10 Ptolemy Antiochus III the Great

11 Hostage in Rome Hostage in Rome Escape Escape Campaign against Egypt Campaign against Egypt Antiochus IV Epiphanes

12 Hostage in Rome Hostage in Rome Escape Escape Campaign against Egypt Campaign against Egypt Antiochus IV Epiphanes First revolt in Judah First revolt in Judah

13 Antiochus imposed the following Regulations Jews could not assemble for prayer Jews could not assemble for prayer Observance of the Sabbath was forbidden Observance of the Sabbath was forbidden Possession of the Scriptures was illegal Possession of the Scriptures was illegal Circumcision was illegal Circumcision was illegal Dietary laws illegal Dietary laws illegal Pagan sacrifices mandated Pagan sacrifices mandated

14 Antiochus IV Maccabean Revolt 167 B.C. Mattathias Temple liberated

15 Amos Hasmonean kings Old Testament completed 400 BC Alexander conquers the Persian Empire 331 BC Maccabbee Rebellion 167 BC Birth of Jesus 5 BC? Persian Empire Malachi? Hellenistic Kings Ptolemies Seleucids Rome Alexander the Great

16 Mattathias JohananJudasSimonEleazerJonathan Simon becomes new leader Simon becomes new leader Judah recognized as a free state: 142 B.C. Judah recognized as a free state: 142 B.C. High Priest High Priest

17 Mattathias JohananJudasSimonEleazerJonathan John Hyrcanus JudahMattathias John Hyrcanus becomes leader John Hyrcanus becomes leader Samaria, Galilee & Idumea conquered Samaria, Galilee & Idumea conquered Forced conversions of conquered peoples Forced conversions of conquered peoples

18 Two New Jewish Parties Hasidim: The Pious Ones Hasidim: The Pious Ones Pharisees Pharisees Hellenists: Greek influence Hellenists: Greek influence Sadducees Sadducees

19 Mattathias JohananJudasSimonEleazerJonathan John Hyrcanus JudahMattathias Salome Alexandria Aristobulus Alexander Janneus Aristobulus IIHyrcanus II

20 Commissioned to clear the seas of piracy Commissioned to clear the seas of piracy Conquests in Syria Conquests in Syria Conquest of Jerusalem Conquest of Jerusalem Territorial arrangements Territorial arrangements Pompey the Great

21 Judea Decapolis Samaria

22 Roman Civil War

23 Antipater as Procurator Phasael Herod

24 Parthians Petra

25 Marc Antony Octavius

26 Herod the Great B.C.

27 Zerubbabels Temple Seleucid Addition Hasmonean ExpansionHerods Temple

28 Caesarea

29 Herods Domestic Troubles It is better to be Herods It is better to be Herods Than to be Herods Than to be Herods

30 Amos Hasmonean kings Old Testament completed 400 BC Alexander conquers the Persian Empire 331 BC Maccabbee Rebellion 167 BC Death of Herod the Great 4 BC Persian Empire Malachi? Hellenistic Kings Pompey the Great Ptolemies Seleucids Rome Alexander the Great

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