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The Role of Agriculture to enhance food security, promote economic growth and improve peoples standard of living 1 Investigating Saudi Arabias Agricultural.

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Presentation on theme: "The Role of Agriculture to enhance food security, promote economic growth and improve peoples standard of living 1 Investigating Saudi Arabias Agricultural."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Role of Agriculture to enhance food security, promote economic growth and improve peoples standard of living 1 Investigating Saudi Arabias Agricultural Development Strategies: Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

2 Prepared by: Turki Faisal Al Rasheed 2 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

3 3 Diversification of economy in the event of oil depletion. Saudi Arabia decision makers plans for alternative economic strategies in post oil era. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

4 4 Policy shift from the food self- sufficiency goal pursued in the 70 and 80 to food security in the 21 st century. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

5 5 There is a belief, held by many that research is associated with activities that are remote from daily life and usually take place in a laboratory, carried out by scientists. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

6 6 This belief is partly correct in that research is the study of problems through the use of scientific methods and principles. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

7 7 There is a growing number of people outside laboratories such as managers, consultants, academics and students who carry out research in order to produce and disseminate knowledge relevant to the business world. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

8 8 In essence, the difference between these two groups is in their research philosophies, approaches and strategies, their perception of how the knowledge can be created or constructed in a rigorous and meaningful way in order to answer a research problem. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

9 9 World food prices in , experienced their sharpest rise in 30 years, followed by the financial and economic crisis in Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

10 Governments are concerned that as population growth increases, high unemployment, arable land reductions combined with the effect of urbanization, economic growth and food security, may emerge as one of the key issues of this century. 10 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

11 Water scarcity in Saudi Arabia is one of the limiting factors to local food production. Cereal grains has to be imported to compensate for the water deficit. Water consumption at 23 billion cubic meters (BCM) of which 29 BCM consumed for Agricultural purposes, accounting to 87.5% of total water consumption (SAMA 2008) World Ave. 71% (yang 2003) 11 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

12 Investigate the importance of clear agricultural development strategies. Saudi Arabia government policies regarding agricultural development. Investigate the importance of clear agricultural development strategies. Saudi Arabia government policies regarding agricultural development. 12 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

13 Government motives behind the absence of clear agricultural development legislation. 13 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

14 Explore the impact of government policies on improving economic growth, water optimization, food security, employment in agricultural sector. 14 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

15 Private and government CSR for enhancing income distribution through the whole of Saudi Arabia. 15 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

16 Assess the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Saudi Arabia agricultural strategies for economic development in the rural areas, water utilization and enhance food security. 16 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

17 Identify the factors that would enlarge CSR and likely to influence the current and future of economic development and food security. Focus on sustainability of government policies. Identify the factors that would enlarge CSR and likely to influence the current and future of economic development and food security. Focus on sustainability of government policies. 17 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

18 Highlight the risk of depleting agricultural land and the increase in the demand for cereal in the world. Highlight the depopulation from rural area to urban areas. Highlight the risk of depleting agricultural land and the increase in the demand for cereal in the world. Highlight the depopulation from rural area to urban areas. 18 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

19 Study the agricultural strategies of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 19 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

20 Improve Food Security Promote Economic Growth Water Optimization Government Social Responsibility Employment/Poverty Reduction, depopulation rural areas 20 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

21 21 According to FAO Food Security means that food is available at all times; that all persons have means of access to it; that it is nutritionally adequate in terms of quantity, quality, and variety; and that is acceptable within the given culture. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

22 22 The number of malnourished people in the world rose to over 1 billion this year, up from 915m in 2008 (FAO). World Bank Economist reckons that the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day will rise by 89m this year. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

23 23 Agriculture and food security have become the core of the international agenda, as the G8 called it. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

24 Most recent development strategies, emphasized development as the main source of economic growth and were biased against the agricultural sector. 24 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

25 25 Traditionally, agriculture economist consider that growth in the farm sector provides food, raw materials, labor, capital, and foreign exchange necessary to finance subsequent growth in the rest of the economy, while simultaneously growth in the rest of the economy, while simultaneously generating an additional demand of industrial goods and services. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

26 26 In GCC countries, particularly Saudi Arabia it was decided that, given impending water shortages, it will stop producing wheat by In GCC countries, particularly Saudi Arabia it was decided that, given impending water shortages, it will stop producing wheat by Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

27 27 Instead to grow and ship it over from elsewhere provided that the whole process was firmly under their control. Instead to grow and ship it over from elsewhere provided that the whole process was firmly under their control. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

28 28 The idea is to secure deals, particularly by Islamic countries, by which they will supply capital, inputs in exchange for guarantees that their corporations will have access to farmland and be able export some of the produce to Saudi Arabia. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

29 29 CSR is a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

30 30 It is about capturing the whole sets of values, issues and process that companies must address in order to minimize any harm resulting from their activities and to create economic (profit), social (people), and environmental (planet) value. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

31 31 The objectives were food security through self-sufficiency and improvement of rural incomes thereby minimizing internal migration from rural areas to urban areas. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

32 32 Quantitative methods - reducing the ambiguity through transforming perceptions into restructured, quantifiable categories, quantify hypotheses using mathematical formulas in order to predict and control natural phenomena. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

33 33 Positivism – Assumes an objective world which scientific methods can more or less readily represent and measure, and its seeks to predict and explain causal relations among variables. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

34 Deductive – Top down approach; general to specific from theory to hypothesis to observation to confirmation. 34 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

35 35 Non Probability Sampling or Non random sampling provides a range of alternative techniques to select sample based on the subjective judgement. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

36 36 Purposive or Judgemental Sampling enables us to use our judgement to select cases that will enable us to answer the research question and objectives. Likert scales examines how strongly the respondent agrees with a statement and can help assess the feelings of customers towards. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

37 37 Sample size 1000 target population. Heterogeneous or maximum variation sampling enable us to collect data to describe and explain the key themes that can be observed. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

38 38 It is vital to make investments laws in Saudi Arabia and Arab Countries to encourage the fund to achieve development and production of wheat in its land and water. It is necessary to direct investments to projects that reduce the size of the food gap and raise the possibility of food security. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

39 39 Providing financial support and technical assistance to projects designed for exports to make them more competitive in world markets and capable of meeting the subsidies provided by countries to support their exports. Implement procedures that protect the lives and health of humans, animals and plants, this should be done with imposing new restrictions on crop trade. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

40 40 Develop food crops that give high productivity, resist diseases and need little water or accept saline water (Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). Better ways of irrigation that keep the plants alive and do not deplete our water resources quickly. Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

41 41 Questions&Comments Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU

42 Thank you 42 Agricultural Development Strategies Presented By : Turki F. Al Rasheed Liverpool Business School at LJMU


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