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Workshop Five generic approaches to grammar Roger Hunt International House Barcelona.

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Presentation on theme: "Workshop Five generic approaches to grammar Roger Hunt International House Barcelona."— Presentation transcript:

1 Workshop Five generic approaches to grammar Roger Hunt International House Barcelona

2 The five: 1.Noticing (meaning & structure) 2.Propositional Cluster Tasks 3.Pad it out 4.Grammaring 5.Reformulation

3 Noticing information structure He lives in a beautiful cottage by the sea and walks along the beach each morning. Newhaven on the south coast of England is where the cottage is. He lives in a beautiful cottage by the sea and walks along the beach each morning. The cottage is in Newhaven on the south coast of England.

4 Noticing information structure 1. Heisenberg was a famous nuclear physicist a. The principle of uncertainty was posited by him. b. He posited the uncertainty principle. 2. Picasso was born in Malaga and lived in Paris. a. Guernica was painted by him in 1936 b. He painted Guernica in 1936. 3. E=MC2 is a well-known equation. a. Einstein formulated it. b. It was formulated by Einstein 4. Napoleon was a French general and Emperor. a. Wellington defeated him at Waterloo. b. He was defeated by Wellington at Waterloo.

5 SubjectVerbComple ment Indirect object/ recipient Direct object Adjunct of place Adjunct of time 1.In Alaska/is/really cold/it/in the winter 2.On my birthday/me/John/gave/a new DVD player 3.Skiing/went/we/at the weekend 4.In bed/watched/she/all day/TV 5.Last week/really ill/was/I 6.Very friendly/seemed/she

6 SubjectVerbComple ment Indirect object/ recipient Direct object Adjunct of place Adjunct of time Itisreally cold in Alaskain the winter Johngavemea new DVD player on my birthday Wewentskiingat the weekend ShewatchedTVin bedall day Iwasreally illlast week Sheseemedvery friendly

7 Noticing meanings If I criticised her unfairly, then I always apologised If youre going to buy a house, then youre going to need a lot of money If you ate too much over the holidays, then its no surprise youve put on weight If you would all follow me, Ill show you to your rooms If paying by direct debit, please make sure that you…

8 Lewes bonfire night Roads in the town are closed, meaning that there are no parking facilities. Those using public transport are likely to find that it is very crowded and that they will have to queue for long periods before arriving in Lewes. The journey home could be even more horrendous. This can be an unpleasant experience, particularly when it is cold or raining - which is likely in November. Lewes Bonfire is a particularly unsuitable event for younger children, who are unlikely to get a view of the celebrations, and who may find the event confusing and frightening. Children in pushchairs and buggies are particularly vulnerable to injury due to the density of the crowds.

9 Noticing meanings 1 Roads in the town are closed, meaning that there are no parking facilities. Those using public transport are likely to find that it is very crowded and that they will have to queue for long periods before arriving in Lewes. The journey home could be even more horrendous. This can be an unpleasant experience, particularly when it is cold or raining - which is likely in November. Lewes Bonfire is a particularly unsuitable event for younger children, who are unlikely to get a view of the celebrations, and who may find the event confusing and frightening. Children in pushchairs and buggies are particularly vulnerable to injury due to the density of the crowds.

10 Noticing meanings 2 Roads in the town are closed, meaning that there are no parking facilities. Those using public transport are likely to find that it is very crowded and that they will have to queue for long periods before arriving in Lewes. The journey home could be even more horrendous. This can be an unpleasant experience, particularly when it is cold or raining - which is likely in November. Lewes Bonfire is a particularly unsuitable event for younger children, who are unlikely to get a view of the celebrations, and who may find the event confusing and frightening. Children in pushchairs and buggies are particularly vulnerable to injury due to the density of the crowds.

11 Noticing meanings 3 Roads in the town are closed, meaning that there are no parking facilities. Those using public transport are likely to find that it is very crowded and that they will have to queue for long periods before arriving in Lewes. The journey home could be even more horrendous. This can be an unpleasant experience, particularly when it is cold or raining - which is likely in November. Lewes Bonfire is a particularly unsuitable event for younger children, who are unlikely to get a view of the celebrations, and who may find the event confusing and frightening. Children in pushchairs and buggies are particularly vulnerable to injury due to the density of the crowds.

12 Noticing meanings 4 Roads in the town are closed, meaning that there are no parking facilities. Those using public transport are likely to find that it is very crowded and that they will have to queue for long periods before arriving in Lewes. The journey home could be even more horrendous. This can be an unpleasant experience, particularly when it is cold or raining - which is likely in November. Lewes Bonfire is a particularly unsuitable event for younger children, who are unlikely to get a view of the celebrations, and who may find the event confusing and frightening. Children in pushchairs and buggies are particularly vulnerable to injury due to the density of the crowds.

13 Propositional cluster task Kite wind tree boy A young boy was flying his kite in a field. It was a very windy day and suddenly a particularly strong gust of wind caught his kite and blew it into a tree where it stuck fast. The poor young boy was desolated.

14 Pad it out The cat sat on the mat The fat cat sat on the mat by the fire. The big, fat, old, ugly, tabby cat sat snivelling on its masters brand new, Persian, hand-made mat by the roaring coal fire that smelled of autumnal acorns.

15 Grammaring Fisherman Kiev electrocute self while fish river Tereblya. 43-year-old man connect cable main power supply home, trail end into river. Electric shock kill fish, float belly-up top water. Man wade collect catch, neglect remove live wire, tragic suffer same fate fish. Text from: www.darwinawards.com

16 Original text (25 May 1999, Ukraine) A fisherman in Kiev electrocuted himself while fishing in the river Tereblya. The 43-year-old man connected cables to the main power supply of his home, and trailed the end into the river. The electric shock killed the fish, which floated belly-up to the top of the water. The man waded in to collect his catch, neglecting to remove the live wire, and tragically suffered the same fate as the fish.

17 Grammaring Gaol sentence give crime steal loaf bread handkerchief Gaol sentences were given for crimes such as stealing a loaf of bread or a handkerchief

18 Reformulation Last Saturday It was raining We went for a picnic The food got wet We went to McDonalds We had fish burgers They were disgusting We all got sick

19 Last Saturday, even though it was raining, we decided to go for a picnic. Of course the food got wet and was ruined so we went to McDonalds and had fish burgers which were disgusting. We all got sick.

20 Twenty-five year old John Smith, a brick layer from Wimbledon, was badly injured last night while on his way to see his widowed mother in Crewe when a twenty- five-ton lorry coming in the opposite direction went out of control and skidded into his Volvo on the A36.

21 His names John Smith Hes 25 years old Hes a lorry driver He comes from London He was badly injured He was going to see his mother His mother is a widow She lives in Crewe He was hit by a lorry The lorry weighed 25 tons It went out of control He drives a Volvo The accident happened on the A36

22 A useful noticing tool Its raining Its time to go She made it very clear that she wasnt interested in him It cant be that bad! She said it wasnt important.

23 from: www.lextutor.ca In any case it is by no means clear thatit It is difficult to be certain how theIt In 1961, it is estimated that multiple unit dwellings bill is now in the House Rules Committee.it It is expected to be reportedIt it is far more fun to create shades in theit It is hard to blame them for this.It It is impossible to get a fair trialIt

24 Noticing patterns It is expected to be reportedIt It is hard to blame them for this.It It is impossible to get a fair trialIt It is difficult to be certainIt it is far more fun to create shades in theit


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