Presentation on theme: "Making Cents of Financial Aid- Shelby County Gifted Resource and College Advising Mrs. Kathy Leaver"— Presentation transcript:
Making Cents of Financial Aid- Shelby County Gifted Resource and College Advising Mrs. Kathy Leaver Senior Counselor, Laura Cochran January, 2013
Goals of Financial Aid To assist students in paying for their educational investment To evaluate the familys financial ability to pay educational costs To distribute limited resources in a fair manner To attempt to provide a balance of scholarships, loans, grants, work study, etc.
What is Financial Aid? Scholarships –M–Merit Based Academic Leadership Service Departmental Talent/Skill –N–Need Based –I–Institutional –P–Private –A–Athletic (register with
Grants –F–Federal –S–State Employment Opportunities –W–Work Study –S–Summer Internships Loans –S–Stafford Loans –P–Perkins Loans –P–PLUS Parent Loan –O–Other (Federal and state aid along with many university aid and grants are awarded by completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid at
Where do I start??? 1.Start with the colleges!! Request scholarship/financial aid info or download from their website…ASAP! 2. Look for Local Area Resources: Civic organizations Service Clubs 3. Employers (students and parents) System-wide scholarships/credit unions 4. Special Interest Funds Obscure & (usually) very specific. Most have very early application deadlines Best info source for these? FREE websites! Please DONT Pay for scholarship search services!
WHERE to L K for info… FastWeb Scholarship Search FastWeb Scholarship Search ACT (great website for parents!) ACT (great website for parents!) The College Board (good checklists can be found here!) The College Board (good checklists can be found here!) The Student Guide (a FREE federal guidebook often available at your HS) The Student Guide (a FREE federal guidebook often available at your HS) And…. GOOGLE!!!( But you have to GOOGLE smart!!) And…. GOOGLE!!!( But you have to GOOGLE smart!!)
How and when do I apply for government-funded resources? You MUST complete and submit the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) to be considered for government-funded aid of ANY kind! Complete the FAFSA as soon as possible after Jan. 1 st of the students senior year in high school (not before). The results of the FAFSA determine your eligibility for ALL federal aid. Students and parents should apply for PIN (Personal Identification Number)…for electronic signatures…apply ASAP
FEDERAL AID PROGRAMS INCLUDE: PELL Grants Most families do not qualify for PELL grants. Must have a very low family contribution. Please dont be discouraged if you do not qualify for this program! Many families do not. Current minimum PELL grant is $555; maximum is $5550 SEOG Grants Supplemental grant, with priority given to students who have already qualified for a PELL grant.
…and also these Government- Funded Self Help Options Work Study Jobs Federal Work Study – Based on demonstrated need (salary is paid from 75% government sources & 25% university) Loan Options Perkins Student Loan Stafford Student Loan AND/OR PLUS (Parents Loan) (7.9% interest and parents must be credit worthy) Banks or Credit Unions
The Nuts & Bolts of Loans Perkins Loans - $5500/year maximum, need-based; 5% interest, no origination, 9 month grace period before repayment begins Stafford Loans – 1 st year - $5500 maximum 2 nd year - $6500 maximum 3 rd & up - $7500 maximum Subsidized – 3.4% interest; must have demonstrated need; government pays interest while student is in school Unsubsidized – 6.8% interest; no demonstrated need necessary to qualify; interest begins accruing upon disbursement All Stafford loans have a 6 month grace period before repayment begins Direct Plus Loans - 7.9% interest; origination fees; payment begins 60 days after disbursement; no demonstrated need to qualify
What Does the FAFSA actually DO? When you complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) at the answers enable the federal government to calculate how much of your familys financial resources should be available to pay for the cost of college expenses. The FAFSA refers to this calculated number as your EFC or Expected Family Contribution Colleges then use that EFC to determine your demonstrated need for federal aid such as PELL grants, work-study, etc.
The FAFSA Sections: Student demographics College selections Dependency status Parent demographics Student & Parent Financial information Sign with PIN # & submit Confirmation Notes: Once taxes are completed, takes about 1 hour Can save up to 45 days Helpful hints on each page IRS Data Retrieval Tool Determines what family resources are available to pay for college, the EFC- Expected Family Contribution
So..how is my need calculated? COST of the college/university equals… Direct Costs (defined costs of tuition, required fees, & room and board, if living on campus) + Indirect Costs (estimate for books, travel, expenses) Minus EFC ( E xpected F amily C ontribution - taken from results of FAFSA) Equals DEMONSTRATED NEED for federal aid
Cost of Attendance (COA) Tuition and fees Housing Meal plan and additional food and snacks Books and supplies Entertainment Transportation Miscellaneous personal expenses Study abroad costs
A couple examples… REMEMBER: The Expected Family Contribution (EFC) remains the same, regardless of the colleges cost. The challenge becomes finding ENOUGH financial aid and scholarship assistance to MEET/EQUAL the demonstrated need! College A Cost = $7,000 EFC =$7,000 NEED = $0 College B Cost=15,000 EFC= 7,000 NEED =$8000
Why do I have to pay so much? As much as they are able, parents have a responsibility to pay for their childrens education Students also have a responsibility to pay for educational costs Familys are evaluated in their present financial condition
Eligibility Accepted to an eligible program of study Must be planning to enroll as a full time student or part time for some monies US Citizen or eligible non-citizen Males must be registered with selective service Must not have a drug-related conviction Must have a valid social security number Must maintain satisfactory academic progress as determined by the higher ed. institution
Role of the Financial Aid Office Determine eligibility after receiving information from FAFSA, CSS Profile, and/or school form Create an aid package Send award letter to student that includes –COA –Student Need –Types and Amount of Aid Offered –How and When Aid Will Be Dispersed –Student Employment Conditions –Terms and Conditions of Aid Offer
Role of the Student Apply to college Conversation between student and parents about your resourcesConversation between student and parents about your resources Contact financial aid offices at your schools Complete the FAFSA and/or CSS Profile Review financial aid award letter Compare school offers Conversation AGAIN about offersConversation AGAIN about offers Accept or reject offers and return paperwork to schools Notify all colleges of your decisions by May 1st
Other Sources of Funds and Financing Resident Assistant Benefits Employers scholarships (student or parent) Civic organizations/service clubs PACT 529 Plans University Payment Plans
FAFSA – STEP BY STEP! Step 1 – Assemble forms needs to complete FAFSA SSN, Bank Statements, Drivers license, mortgage/investment records, previous years tax documents (student & parents) Step 2 – Complete the FAFSA To maximize your amount of aid, fill out FAFSA ASAP after Jan 1; print FAFSA Summary as well as the Submission Confirmation page
FAFSA: STEP BY STEP! STEP 3: Review your Student Aid Report (SAR) The SAR is your proof that your FAFSA was received. You should receive your electronic SAR report in about 2-3 weeks. What if there are errors on the SAR? Report errors immediately to your financial aid office. You can make corrections online at If you do not receive your SAR in 3-4 weeks call www.fafsa.ed.gov
FAFSA Helpful Hints Remember the FAFSA is FREE…if you need help call the FAFSA Help Desk at Complete FAFSA ASAP after Jan 1 (and each successive year in college)…early submission=better aid Fill out FAFSA on the Web worksheet…use as a guide Dont forget to sign electronically Save your FAFSA online if not finished in one session Dont leave a field blank. If a question does not apply, enter 0 Make or print a copy of your FAFSA for your records
Other Resources scholarship.htmlwww.shelbyed.k12.al.us/studentresources/ scholarship.html Student/Parent place of employment Local business and civic organizations