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solve two-step equations. SOL: A.4bdf Objective The student will be able to: Designed by Skip Tyler, Varina High School

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To solve two-step equations, undo the operations by working backwards. Example: Ask yourself, 1.What is the first thing we are doing to x? 2.What is the second thing? Recall the order of operations as you answer these questions. Dividing by 2 Subtracting 3 To undo these steps, do the opposite operations in opposite order.

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1.Draw the river 2.Add 3 to both sides 3.Simplify 4.Clear the fraction - Multiply both sides by 2 5.Simplify 6.Check your answer Use a DO-UNDO chart as a shortcut to answering the questions. In the table, write the opposite operations in the opposite order DO UNDO ÷2 -3 Follow the steps in the undo column to isolate the variable = - 4 x = – 3 = · 2 2 · · 2

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1) Solve 2x - 1 = x = x = -1 2(-1) - 1 = – 1 = -3 1.Draw the river 2.Add 1 to both sides 3.Simplify 4.Divide both sides by 2 5.Simplify 6.Check your answer D U · ÷ 2

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· · 3 x = – 4 = 8 2) Solve 1.Draw the river 2.Add 4 to both sides 3.Simplify 4.Clear the fraction - Multiply both sides by 3 5.Simplify 6.Check your answer D U ÷ · 3

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3) Solve 3y – 1 = 8 1.y = 3 2.y = -3 3.y = 4.y = Answer Now

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3) Solve d – 4 = d = 10 1.Draw the river 2.Clear the fraction - Multiply both sides by 2 3.Simplify 4.Add 4 to both sides 5.Simplify 6.Check your answer D U - 4 ÷ 2 · 2 + 4

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4) Solve 1.d = -7 2.d = d = d = 17 Answer Now

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5) Solve a = 35 1.Draw the river 2.Subtract 3 from both sides 3.Simplify 4.Clear the fraction – Multiply both sides by -7 5.Simplify 6.Check your answer D U ÷ · -7 Do/Undo Chart – This one is tricky! Remember to always use the sign in front of the number.

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6) Solve 5z + 16 = 51 1.z = z = -7 3.z = 35 4.z = 7 Answer Now

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· · 5 3x = x = 5 7) Solve 1.Draw the river 2.Subtract 1 from both sides 3.Simplify 4.Clear the fraction - Multiply both sides by 5 5.Simplify 6.Divide both sides by 3 7.Simplify 8.Check your answer D U · 3 ÷ · 5 ÷ 3

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