Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

StormCAD Basics Mal Sharkey. Be Conf. 2007 Our users design, build, and operate the worlds infrastructure – improving quality of life for everyone. We.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "StormCAD Basics Mal Sharkey. Be Conf. 2007 Our users design, build, and operate the worlds infrastructure – improving quality of life for everyone. We."— Presentation transcript:

1 StormCAD Basics Mal Sharkey

2 Be Conf Our users design, build, and operate the worlds infrastructure – improving quality of life for everyone. We provide software to help them do it better and faster.

3 Part 1 Intro to StormCAD

4 What is a Storm Sewer System? A storm sewer system is composed of surface components (e.g., gutters and inlets) and subsurface components (e.g., pipes, manholes, inlet boxes)

5 Storm Sewer Design Storm sewer design and analysis consists of 2 basic parts: Surface flow calculations Subsurface flow calculations Surface flow calcs evaluate the capacity of gutters (i.e., gutter spread and depth) and inlets (for inlets on grade, part of the flow, called bypass flow, will not be picked up and will continue down to the next inlet). Subsurface flow calcs evaluate the capacity of the subsurface pipes to prevent flooding. Storm sewer pipes should always point downhill, and the systems are branched (i.e., typically, there should not be loops).

6 Storm Sewer Design Subsurface (pipe) layout Profile View Plan View Surface (gutter) connectivity

7 Gutters Flow typically travels to storm sewer inlets though gutters The engineer is interested in the width and depth of the gutter flow, and has to make sure that neither is excessive. Gutter flow is analyzed using a form of Mannings equation

8 Inlets Three common inlet types are grate inlets, curb inlets, and combination inlets. Inlets may be located on a continuous grade or in a sag location Inlets on grade do not intercept 100% of the flow that comes to themsome of the flow bypasses and goes to the next inlet downgrade HEC-22 calculation methods are used to determine gutter spread and depth and inlet capacity

9 Storm Sewer Profile

10 StormCAD Storm sewer design & analysis with inlet modeling

11 StormCAD Applies to: Commercial site design Land development Roadway drainage design Planning, mapping, and inventories for larger areas (e.g., municipality)

12 StormCAD Capabilities Uses rational method hydrology Performs gradually varied flow profile analysis Incorporates HEC-22 methods for inlet and gutter capacity calcs, including gutter spread and bypass flow calcs Performs automated pipe & inlet design Includes GIS and database connections Generates profile plots and tabular reports Includes MicroStation & AutoCAD integration options Includes Scenario Management

13 User Interface Drawing Area Scenario Layout Tools Graphical ToolsZoom Tools Compute Button Tabular Reports Element Symbology Background Layers

14 Basic Data Entry Layout Toolbar Pipe Tool Right-click menu to change element type Property Grid FlexTables Sort Filter Global Edit Customize

15 ModelBuilder: Using External Data Convert CAD lines, polylines, and blocks Connect to any database & keep it in sync with your model Connect to shapefiles

16 Part 2 Getting familiar with StormCAD

17 A little more theory… Open Channel Flow Open channel flow is flow that has a free water surface open to the atmosphere. It occurs in natural rivers and streams, manmade ditches and channels, gutters, and gravity- flow pipes. Gutter

18 Conservation of Energy In open channel flow, the pressure head term (p/ γ ) is replaced by the vertical flow depth y The energy equation between sections 1 and 2 for the channel shown is written as:

19 Open Channel Flow Definitions Normal Flow If a channel shape remains constant for a long enough distance, the flow will reach a constant normal depth. Varied Flow Flow depth typically varies along the length of a channel due to factors like changing channel shape or flow depths other than normal depth on the upstream or downstream end. Varied flow can change gradually along a channel (gradually varied flow or GVF) or rapidly (in the case of a hydraulic jump). Supercritical vs. Subcritical Flow These are the 2 basic flow types possible for flow in an open channel. Supercritical flow is shallow, high-velocity flow Subcritical flow is deeper, slower-velocity flow Flow can transition from subcritical to supercritical flow, or vice versa Between supercritical flow and subcritical flow is the critical depth. This value can be determined for any channel and used to classify the flow type. Sometimes, it is also used as a starting point (boundary condition) in GVF calculations

20 Open Channel Flow Types Normal Flow Transition from Subcritical to Supercritical flow Transition from Supercritical to Subcritical Flow (Hydraulic Jump)

21 Graphic Output Color Coding Annotation Profiles

22 Data Management Network Navigator Queries Selection Sets

23 Part 3 Analysis in StormCAD

24 Rational Method To compute a peak flow rate from a watershed, a method such as the Rational Method can be used: Q = c × i × A Q is the peak discharge from the drainage area c is the runoff coefficient (the fraction of rainfall that is converted to runoff) i is the intensity of the rainfall for a design storm event having a duration equal to the drainage area time of concentration. This can be obtained using intensity-duration-frequency curves for the locale (see below). A is the area

25 Inlet Calculations Perform inlet capture & bypass calcs using HEC-22 methods Set up gutter networks Store inlet properties in an engineering library

26 Multiple Scenarios Create alternative input data sets with Alternative Manager Model a variety of situations using Scenario Manager

27 Active Topology Before site is developed (proposed elements are inactive) After site is developed

28 Viewing Output FlexTables Reports Property Grid

29 StormCAD: Automated Design Specify global design constraints for: Pipes (min. and max. velocity, cover, and slope; part-full flow; allowing multiple sections; and max. section size) Nodes (matching pipe crowns or inverts at structures; offsetting pipes at structures; and allowing drop structures Inlets (max. spread and depth for inlets in sag; min. efficiency of inlets on grade) Design all or part of the system Override design constraints locally

30 StormCAD: Cost Manager Enter cost analysis data through Cost Manager Set up unit cost functions for materials Use Cost Alternatives to assign costs to project elements Adjust the cost of the overall project

31 StormCAD: GIS Connections Build a model or keep it synchronized with GIS data using the Shapefile Link Wizard Modify the network in StormCAD or directly in shapefiles

32 StormCAD: Database Connections Connect to any database to build or synchronize the model

33 StormCAD: LDDT Connection Import and export pipe run data from/to Pipeworks in Autodesk Land Development Desktop Civil Design

34 MicroStation & AutoCAD Integration StormCAD can run inside MicroStation or AutoCAD

35 StormCAD Basics Mal Sharkey

Download ppt "StormCAD Basics Mal Sharkey. Be Conf. 2007 Our users design, build, and operate the worlds infrastructure – improving quality of life for everyone. We."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google