Presentation on theme: "Immigration The American Dream?"— Presentation transcript:
1Immigration The American Dream? Task one: Discover the geographic origins of European immigration to the United States.Task two: To understand the justifications and motives of the Nativists groups throughout United States history
2“Old Immigrants”: those who came from Northern/Western Europe before 1900. “New Immigrants”: those who came from Eastern/Southern Europe from s.
3“New Immigrant”Study the map and consider what countries are considered part of the “New immigrant” group
4What specific countries would not be included in the “New Immigrant” description? GermanyItalyIrelandGreat Britain
5Which of the following observations about annual immigration are true? Immigration increases during America’s hard economic timesImmigration decreases during America’s hard economic timesPeople continued to come to America to escape persecution in their own countriesImmigration increased dramatically during WWIQuotas limit the number of immigrants
6NATIVISMDefinition: A defense of native-born people and a hostility to the foreign-born.Task: What are the common themes in the Nativist position regardless of time/group?
7Who said this?“[The immigrants] who come [to America] are generally of the most ignorant and stupid sort of their own nation…Their own clergy have very little influence over the people…Not being used to liberty, they know not how to make a modest use of it…they are not esteemed men till they have shown their manhood by beating their mothers…now they come in droves…few of their children in the country learn English. Why should Pennsylvania, founded by the English, become a colony of aliens, who will shortly be so numerous as to Germanize us insteade of our Anglifying them, and will never adopt our Language or Customs, any more than they can acquire our Complexion…Which leads me to add one more Remark: That the Number of purely white People in the World is proportionably very small…”
8Answer: Benjamin Franklin He was writing in 1753 about German immigrants to AmericaBefore the Revolutionary War he grumbled about bilingual street signs and translators in state governmentThe big question, should German or English be the national language?
9Cartoon Interpretation: Is this a pro or anti Nativist cartoon?ProAnti
10Cartoon Interpretation: Is this a pro or anti Nativist cartoon?ProAnti
11Nativists Groups Know-Nothing Party American Protective Association Limits on immigration from Catholic countriesRestricting political office to native-born AmericansRequire a wait of 21 years before immigrant could gain citizenshipRestrict public school teaching to ProtestantsDaily Bible readings in public schools-from the Protestant version of the BibleAmerican Protective AssociationOpenly discriminatory against Roman CatholicsSocial Darwinists, who viewed the new immigrants as biologically inferior to English and Germanic stocks.Depression of 1893-foreigners as scapegoats
121887: Immigration Restriction League Immigrants should be screened, through literacy tests and other standards to separate the desirable from undesirable immigrants.“Must be able to read or write in English or in their own language before entering the U.S.”
13The Chinese Exclusion Act 1882. Chinese unskilled workers were forbidden to immigrate.Skilled workers needed some proof from the Chinese government—difficult to get.Chinese already in the U.S. could not become citizens.
14Gentleman’s Agreement (1907): an informal agreement between Japan and the U.S. that resulted in Japan agreeing to stop any further Japanese immigration to the U.S.
15Immigration Laws 1917-Literacy Test Requires all immigrants to read or write English before granted entry into U.S.Proves INEFFECTIVE: between of 1.5 million immigrants only 6,000 limited by literacy test1921-Emergency Immigration ActSets quota on immigrantsLimited annual immigration to 3% of people living in U.S. of that nationality.
16Immigration Laws 1965-Immigration Reform Act 1952-McCarren-Walter Immigration and Nationality ActEliminates race as a limit to immigration and naturalizationOpens door to Asian immigrationReaffirms national quota systemEstablishes preferences for those with desired skills or with relatives in U.S.1965-Immigration Reform ActAbolishes the national quota systemBut places a limit on 20,000 on any one country outside of Western HemisphereAdmits immigrants on first-come, first qualified basis: professional, skilled, unskilledPreference system for relatives as well as for refugees and those with desired skills
17Immigration Laws 1990-Immigration Act 1994-Prop 187 Raises overall limit on immigration450,000= to relatives of people already here140,000= to skilled workersModifies existing restrictions onCommunistsSexual preferenceRemoves AIDS from list of diseases mandating exclusion.1994-Prop 187Requires by law:Verify the immigration status of persons potential employeesReport persons to state & federal authoritiesDeny those persons social services (health care, and education)
18Current immigration issues. How are they similar?
20Play the video, and identify the use of sarcasm-Wait for it to load!
21How does the video use sarcasm to present immigration? The video presents immigration from a Native-American perspective.The video uses sarcasm to mock Native-Americans.The video uses sarcasm to show how European are superior to other groupsThe video uses sarcasm to show how Native-American always overreact.
22Summarize the Nativists All of the following are themes shared by the Nativists groups EXCEPT.RacismReligionEconomic concernsGender discriminationEnd of the presentation. Click when done.
23No!-Try again. German immigrants would be considered part of the “New Immigrant” group
24No!-Try again. Irish immigrants would be considered part of the “New Immigrant” group
25No!-Try again. Italian immigrants would be considered part of the “New Immigrant” group
26YES. British immigrants are not considered part of the “New Immigrant” group. British immigrants would be immigrating to the United States in low numbers, and also they blend in with the existing cultural characteristics of most Americans
27Yes. This is one of the factors influencing immigration.