Presentation on theme: "A Snapshot of Canadian Aid to Education Based on CGCE Factsheet February 2012."— Presentation transcript:
A Snapshot of Canadian Aid to Education Based on CGCE Factsheet February 2012
Education and basic education programming: increased significantly and consistently between 2000 and All Education: Canada disbursed $496.5 million in 2009/10; CIDA responsible for almost $399 million. 280% increase over 2000/01. (215% for CIDA.) Basic Education: Peaked at $275.1 million (09/10) from $65M (01/02); CIDA responsible for $247.3 million of this. 320% increase over 2000/01. (290% for CIDA.) Most of non-CIDA money is Department of Finance (to IDA/ World Bank) and IDRC.
ODA to Education (Disbursements)
ODA to Basic Education
Moving towards more Bilateral Aid / Declining Role of Partnerships Branch
Canada is a top-performing bilateral donor to Basic Education. Top Performers: 1.Norway (123% of its Fair Share) 2.United Kingdom (49%) 3.Sweden (63%) 4.France (37%) 5.Canada (36% DAC data))
Canadian Aid to Education Targets Countries with Large Needs Large share to Africa (60% in last two years) Top recipients ($90 million or more of operational projects currently): 1.Mozambique 2.Mali 3.Bangladesh 4.Afghanistan 5.Tanzania 6.Senegal 7.Burkina Faso
But, Canada provides less than half of its Fair Share. UNESCO estimates $16B is needed p.a. to reach EFA goals. Canada fair share is 3.4%, or $550M, based on % of worlds GNI. CGCE proposes min. 5%, or $800M, given importance of B.E. to Canadian priorities. Canada disbursed $275M in 2009/10.
Weak Commitment to Education Multilateralism Multi-lateral Global Partnership for Education (formerly FTI) has a financing gap of $2.5B November 2011: Canada committed a paltry $45M over 3 years (only $21M is new) CGCE sought commitment of 5% ($125M) Despite serious fiscal restraints, Australia contributed $278M and UK, $353M
What to Look Out For…
1. We can no longer depend on an Increasing IAE Envelope. Government policy = increase the International Assistance Envelope by 8% per year between 2002/03 and 2010/11. This significantly increased ODA (56.2%) and CIDA (82.4%) programming resources. (Education increased 140%.) IAE is now flat-lined at $5 Billion. 2011/ /15 = no sustained increase Expected deep cuts for all departments in 2012/13 federal budget to reach their 2015/16 deficit targets. Note: Other donors (e.g. UK) have kept their commitments to strong aid growth despite severe fiscal environment.
2. Shifting Priorities
3. A large percentage of commitments terminating by /11 priority countries have > 40% of operational commitments ending by 2012/13. By 2015/16, only 4.2% of current operational commitments remain (in a few large projects). If these are not replaced, CIDAs support to Basic Education will diminish significantly. CIDA no longer publishes information on projects-in-the-pipeline – is it empty?.
In Sum, We need to be watchful of: Budget cuts Shift in priorities away from education in light of budget cuts and empty pipeline… Whether commitments are renewed or replaced. Opportunities for stronger and more independent policy framework for education within CIDAs evolving Children and Youth Strategy.
Relative Priority of Education & Basic Education in CIDA Programming
Secondary & Tertiary
In contrast to donors ODA percentages, many Developing Countries dedicate >8% of budget to Primary Education Country (Canadian ODA)EducationPrimary + ECCE Mozambique Mali Bangladesh AfghanistanUnknown Tanzania Burkina Faso Senegal Pakistan HaitiUnknown HondurasUnknown Vietnam