Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Openness and Impact in Academia Using Social Media Jane Tinkler, LSE Public Policy Group London School of Economics Critical Perspectives on Open-ness.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Openness and Impact in Academia Using Social Media Jane Tinkler, LSE Public Policy Group London School of Economics Critical Perspectives on Open-ness."— Presentation transcript:

1 Openness and Impact in Academia Using Social Media Jane Tinkler, LSE Public Policy Group London School of Economics Critical Perspectives on Open-ness in the Digital University, Edinburgh University, November 2012

2 Traditional academic communication is fairly closed Core set of journal articles, conference papers, books and chapters, and occasional book reviews. Journal articles and books are read by some in your field, but dont often break into other disciplines and are rarely picked up by the media. The texts of books and articles are inaccessible to those without subscription/library access. Outputs are often fairly long and in language that is sometimes meaningful only to other academics. This reflects a one-way (experts only) communications process.

3 Digital academic communication can be more open Growth of ejournal subscriptions and ebooks that can be accessed simultaneously by student groups as well as those working off-site. University websites and online depositories host academic research for those outside the academy who want to read them. The academic spring pressure for research to be open access has gathered pace and now some funders and the UK government are supporting this move. Universities and academics are taking up opportunities provided by social media for communication and dissemination on the back of the impact agenda.

4 How does using social media help make your research more open? 1.Put very simply, it allows more people to read your research.

5 A team from the World Bank examined the influence of economic blogs on download figures for articles

6 A team from NCRM compared the effect of twitter and other communication channels on a papers downloads

7 An individual academic used twitter to share a link to her work

8 How does using social media help make your research more open? 1.Put very simply, it allows more people to read your research. 2.This is especially the case for some disciplines and some sectors where debates are increasingly taking place online.

9 Overall 11% of external references to academic work in our dataset were from blogs

10 References to academic work in blogs vary widely by sector

11 How does using social media help make your research more open? 1.Put very simply, it allows more people to read your research. 2.This is especially the case for some disciplines and some sectors where debates are increasingly taking place online. 3.It also helps you to read more (or more wisely) within your discipline, as well as in near subjects. 4.Which can lead to increased collaborations with other academics outside your usual networks. Our research has shown cross-disciplinary, multi-authored and multi- institutional works have more impact.

12 Collaboration leads to increased citations Most outputs in our dataset were single authored, but more cites went to outputs that had at least one other author

13 How does using social media help make your research more open? 1.Put very simply, it allows more people to read your research. 2.This is especially the case for some disciplines and some sectors where debates are increasingly taking place online. 3.It also helps you to read more (or more wisely) within your discipline, as well as in near subjects. 4.Which can lead to increased collaborations with other academics outside your usual networks. Our research has shown multi-authored, multi-institutional works have more impact. 5.Being part of an academic online community = event publicity, support, guidance, fact-checking and more.

14 Open-ness and impact 1.The first step towards creating impact is making your research more open and visible. 2.Use freely available tools to create a public profile for you and your work.

15 Create a Google Scholar Citation profile

16 Open-ness and impact 1.The first step towards impact is making your research more open and visible. 2.Use freely available tools to create a public profile for you and your work. 3.Make full use of your universitys resources (like online depositories, Expert directories, knowledge transfer schemes). 4.Build communication and dissemination plans into research projects early on. 5.Work with stakeholders and intermediary organisations to help make your research more open. 6.BUT be realistic as to what you can expect.

17 Just over a quarter of academic references were from external sources University departments (20%) Academic publishers and journals (20%) All libraries (14%) Digital aggregators (4%) Academic assocs. and societies (7%) Independent think tanks (4%) Media and press (5%) Civil society and third sector (7%) Govt & policy (5%) Private sector (3%) Individs (4%) Univ. centres and instits. (7%) Digital research databases Academic research and engagement

18 Does open-ness have drawbacks? 1.The focus on dissemination and impact can feel like a new responsibility in addition to all the other things you do as an academic.

19 Time pressures and lack of resources are real constraints on open-ness and impact Higher Education Institution Private / public / third sector organisation Lack of time Bureaucracy and inflexibility of HEI administration Difficulties in identifying partners Insufficient rewards and lack of awareness of the benefits from the interactions Lack of understanding by academics of the process Capacity and capability of the KE system still developing / evolving Lack of resources within external organisations to fund the KE engagement Insufficient benefits from the interaction Lack of interest by external organisations and lack of demand for KE Intellectual property agreements as a barrier to some, albeit minority of, KE engagement Source: PACEC/CBR Survey of Academics (2008); PACEC/CBR Survey of Enterprise Offices (2010); CBR Survey of Enterprises (2008)

20 Does open-ness have drawbacks? 1.The focus on dissemination and impact can feel like a new responsibility in addition to all the other things you do as an academic. 2.If you start a blog or create a twitter feed for a project, you need to keep these up which takes times and resources. 3.Being open with your research methods, stakeholders or findings could place restrictions on what you feel you can say. 4.Moderating the quality of discussion and debate via social media tools can be hard. This cant replace peer review but some quality assurances can be built into how social media is used. 5.You can receive instant feedback on your work, and it is all public. Can be very nerve-wracking for individual academics and universities.

21 For more see: Maximising the Impacts of your Research: A handbook for social scientists Using Twitter in University Research, Teaching and Impact Activities: A guide for academics and researchers Freely available to download from the Impact of Social Sciences blog: Facebook: Impact of Social Sciences

22 A quick how to guide: academic blogs Blogs are quick to set up and start (using Wordpress or Blogger) but take time and resources to maintain. Will your blog be single or multi-authored? Think about your audience, who are you aiming your blog at? Think about your written style, blogs are usually: More informal in style Much shorter articles (we aim for max 1,000 words) Hyperlinks to key own or others articles instead of references Main points or arguments in the first paragraph Make use of other social media tools to disseminate blog posts (Twitter, Facebook, Pintrest, Storify).

23 A quick how to guide: Twitter styles Substantive - full sentences, independently understandable, a taster for a blog post Conversational - eclectic content, professional and personal life, diverse topics Middle ground - more personality but still professional, create discussions


Download ppt "Openness and Impact in Academia Using Social Media Jane Tinkler, LSE Public Policy Group London School of Economics Critical Perspectives on Open-ness."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google