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Chronology from Columbus (1492) to the Plains Indian Wars (1890) Timeline Self-Test To use this show, go to view and click notes page. Then start slide.

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Presentation on theme: "Chronology from Columbus (1492) to the Plains Indian Wars (1890) Timeline Self-Test To use this show, go to view and click notes page. Then start slide."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chronology from Columbus (1492) to the Plains Indian Wars (1890) Timeline Self-Test To use this show, go to view and click notes page. Then start slide show. When you want to read more about an answer, end the show and the notes page for that slide will appear. After reading the notes page, use shift-F5 to return to the slide where you left off. Pretty cool! Or, as Aneesh says, this is sick. Try to guess the answer Click slowly, think before you click next Try to guess the answer Remember, if it is italicized, know it well; if it is in bold, know it really well

2 1492 Interaction between old and new worlds (smallpox to new; potato to old; etc.) name this process Columbian Exchange

3 1500s Powerful Native American force going into decline (generally sided with British against French)name them Iroquois Confederation (in what is now state of New York area, generally speaking)

4 1607 First permanent English settlement (look for gold; starve 1609-10; find tobacco)name the town Jamestown

5 1608 French Canada founded (less settled; more trade oriented; Catholic)name the town Quebec

6 c. 1609 Spanish settle in southwest (NM)name the town Santa Fe

7 1620 Separatists-Mayflower Compact (agree to obey all just and equal laws)name them Pilgrims

8 1624 Dutch settle what became New York name the settlement New Amsterdam

9 1630 Boston-Affluent- Congregational- Families-intolerant (Williams, Hutchinson get kicked out)what do you call this group? Puritans

10 1681 Penn grant from King-protect Quakers (pacifist influence here)name the colony Pennsylvania

11 About 1660 to 1763 Name the theory (an ism): Eng/Britain gets raw materials; colony gets finished goods; keep other nations out of trading loop through answer to next slide Mercantilism

12 About 1660 to 1763 Examples: 1--Molasses Act 1733 = 6p/gal not to be paid 2--ships to be owned by British, with mainly British crew and British captain 3--colonies cant make finished iron products (iron bars OK) What do you call this? Navigation and Trade Acts

13 17 th, 18 th centuries England (Britain after 1707) is lax in its enforcement of navigation and trade acts; Prime Minister Robert Walpole promoted this idea; the thriving colonies are left relatively unencumbered from royal and parliamentary control, thus fostering a spirit of independence, and, for practical purposes, independence in factname this Salutary (benign) neglect

14 1662 OK to baptize kids of unconverted parents (signals erosion of earlier church power) name this Halfway Covenant

15 17 th Century Most immigrants to 1670s were indentured for about 7 yearswhat do you call this? Indentured Servitude

16 1686-1689 Andros consolidates NE coloniescolonies resentgovernment collapsesname this government Dominion of New England

17 17 th /18 th Centuries South = TRICS (what is TRICS?) Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, Cotton, Sugar (do Tobacco in the Chesapeake colonies (MD and VA); do rice and indigo in the lower colonies (SC and GA); do cotton across the South after 1793; do sugar in the Southwest (LA) in 1800s

18 17 th /18 th Centuries Middle colonies (NY, NJ, Penn)= ROB the COW from the Hedgss (what does all this represent)diverse folks do lots of different kinds of farmingname the people and the crops Rye, Oats, Barley, Corn, Wheat, Beef, Pork; Huguenots, English, Dutch, Germans, Swedes, Scot-Irish

19 17 th and 18 th Centuries Northern colonieswho were they and what did they do? Answer: Merchants, traders, shipbuilding, fishing, finance, slave trade Remember that there are always small farmers all around the country, so small farms do not help you pull the regions apart, which AP likes you to do

20 1624, 1691 Virginia becomes this in 1624, and Massachusetts becomes this in 1691 Crown colonies

21 1660s onward VA leads way with 1662 law saying child retains condition of mother what are we talking about here? Emergence of slavery as labor system of the South

22 17 th and 18 th Centuries Role of colonial citieswhat was it? Colonial cities were centers of an essentially agrarian society

23 17 th, 18 th Centuries Role of women-what was it? Fully ½ of marriage partnership; raise kids; farm as needed; make candles, soap (remember, this is largely a subsistance farming economy, where a family, including father, mother, and kids all contribute to the welfare of the farm home)

24 17 th, 18 th Centuries Married womans rightswhat were they? Fully subordinate to husband; no property rights in marriage (a little less rigid in the Southern colonies)

25 1676 Frontier poor in Western Virginia protest Berkeley policies; Gov. Berkeley crushes rebellion-name the event Bacons Rebellion

26 1680 Popé successfully leads revolt against Spanish in Santa Fename the event Pueblo revolt

27 1739 50 South Carolina slaves rebel; crushed; harsher slave codes enacted (no meetings; no read)name the event Stono Rebellion

28 1689-91 Leisler overthrows Gov. Andros (Dominion of New England) in New York; he then resists new British govt. under William and Mary; he is hangedname the event Leislers Rebellion

29 18 th Century Independent, tough, anti-king, anti-Anglican, frontier/backwoods peoplename the ethnic groupname the people Scot-Irish

30 17 th, 18 th Centuries 1-Goods from Europe shipped to Africa; 2- slaves shipped to colonies; 3-rum/raw materials shipped to Europewhat is the name of this trade? Triangular Trade

31 17 th and 18th centuries Congregationalist = North; Quaker, Catholic, Meth, Pres = Middle; Anglican = So.what is going on here? Religious diversity

32 1730s-1740s 1st mass movement causes decline in authority of existing church as people convertname it (first) Great Awakening

33 18 th century God is nothing but cosmic watchmaker who does not actively intervene in worldname this ism Deism

34 1734-35 Free speech case; he is acquitted (not guilty) on libel chargewho is he? John Peter Zenger

35 1741 Slaves and poor whites burn New York City whites are very fearfulname the event New York Conspiracy Trials

36 1754-1763 War for empire between Britain and France; French lose; Brits need to raise money name the war French and Indian War

37 1763 Ends Fr. and Indian War; Britain gets all to Mississippi (Spain west of Mississippi)name the treaty Treaty of Paris

38 1763-1764 Acts of Britain to manage empire and pay war debtswhat do we call this? Imperial Reorganization

39 1763 Ottawa Chief leads attacks on British posts and forts in the West name him Pontiac

40 1763 Indian threat (Pontiac- 1763) causes king to say no settlers beyond Appalachianswhat do we call the Kings action? Proclamation Line

41 1764 Colonists cant use paper money to pay debts; colonists dont have gold; big painname the act Currency Act

42 1764 Brit needs money; reduces tariff on foreign molasses from 6p to 3p/gallon = TAXname the act Sugar Act [Recall that the 33 Molasses Act tariff of 6p/gal was not meant to be paid; the 64 tariff of 3p/gal was meant to be paid and was therefore a tax.]

43 1765 Direct tax on some colonial paper [colonies = no tax w/o rep; and cant be rep!!!]name the act Stamp Act

44 1766 Stamp Act repealed but this act says Parliament can bind colonies in all cases name the act Declaratory Act

45 1760s on Members of Parliament represent all British citizens, even those who cant votewhat is this called? Virtual representation

46 1767 Tariffs for revenue on glass, lead, paint, paper, tea [opposed by colonies]name the act Townshend Acts

47 1773 Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians toss tea into Boston Harborname the event Boston Tea Party

48 1772-1774 Sam Adams organizes the first; communications fostered among towns, and then among colonies; used to promote opposition to British policieswhat do we call these? Committees of Correspondence

49 1774 Extends Quebec down to Ohio River; colonists resentedname the act Quebec Act

50 1774 Four acts designed to bring colonies into compliance after tea partyname them Coercive Acts (add Quebec Act and you have the Intolerable Acts)

51 1774 Coercive Act #1 Must get governors approval to have town meetings; governors council, previously elected, now appointivename the act Massachusetts Government Act

52 1774 Coercive Act #2 Closes port of Boston until tea paid for; cripples Boston tradename the act Boston Port Act

53 1774 Coercive Act #3 Royal officials can be tried in England for crimes committed in Massachusettsname the act Administration of Justice Act

54 1774 Coercive Act #4 Troops can now be housed in occupied houses, including homesname the act Quartering Act

55 1690 Philosophy of American Revolution: Slide #1 Life, liberty, property = natural rights; abolish govt. that is destructive of these Name the man who wrote the Treatise on Civil Government that lifted up these points John Locke (Recall that Jefferson said the Declaration of Independence is pure Locke)

56 1690 Philosophy of American Revolution: Slide #2 Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau proposed that the people are source of all government power what is the name of this principle? Popular sovereignty (Little ole meall political power is in my handswow!)

57 1690 Philosophy of American Revolution: Slide #3 Government does only what sovereign people tell it to dowhat is the principle? Limited government

58 Summary of philosophy of American Revolution Name the three elements mentioned in the last three slides that represent the philosophy of the American Revolution Natural Rights, popular sovereignty, and limited government

59 1774 The body was convened to respond to Coercive Actsname the body First Continental Congress

60 1775-1781 Fights the war from 1775 to 1781; declares independence, advises states to draft constitutions, drafts a constitution (the Articles of Confederation)name the body Second Continental Congress

61 Before July 4, 1776 Right before the Declaration of Independence, she wrote to her husband, in the new code of laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make, I desire you would remember the ladies. Who is she? Abigail Adams

62 7-4-76 Colonies declare independence from Great Britain over a year after war starts name the document Declaration of Independence

63 1777--October Great U.S. victory in upstate New York leads to Franco-American alliance in 1778 name the battle Saratoga

64 1781-88 Congress under the articles had some problems that can be remembered using the Lum words. What are those silly words Answer: WART.Com +no E and no J Congress cant declare war, tax, regulate commerce; Congress cant ensure domestic tranquility (the dot), and there is no executive or judicial

65 1776-1783 Revolutionary War diplomacy with the Frenchcomment France allies with U.S. in 1778 after Saratoga; provides troops, supplies, ships; French aid essential

66 1776-1783 Mistreated within colonies; U.S. breaks 83 treaty promise to restore property-who are they? Loyalists

67 1783 Britain recognizes U.S. sovereignty and independence; war over; U.S. winsname the treaty Treaty of Paris

68 1776-81 State constitution making--comment Second Continental Congress says (1776) states should draft new constitutions ; states draft constitutions republican in form, with bills of rights

69 1781-1788 U.S. organizing document (constitution); WART.COM + no E = no Jname the document Articles of Confederation

70 1785 Survey western lands; 36 sq. mile townships; one section for education; great law name it Land Ordinance of 1785

71 1787 Up to five state to come out of northwest territory; no slavery; fugitive slave provisionname the law Northwest Ordinance

72 1786-87 Farmers in Western Massachusetts rebel, prevent courts from meeting and foreclosing on farms; put down by Mass. Militia; shows weakness of Articles name the event Shays Rebellion

73 1787--Constitution Senate = 2/state; House representation based on population of statewhat do we call this? Great Compromise

74 1787--Constitution For taxes and representation in the House of Representatives, 3/5ths of slave population can be countedwhat do we call this? 3/5 Compromise

75 1787--Constitution States choose electors who vote for president and vice presidentwhat do we call this? Electoral College

76 1787-88 What are the names of the two groups who either supported or opposed ratification of the Constitution? Answer: Federalists (pro) and Anti- Federalists (con)

77 1787-88 Name two reasons why Anti-Federalists opposed ratification 1--Too strong of a central government and 2-- there was no provision for a bill of rights (remember that the states put bills of rights in their constitutions)

78 1787-88 Name the 85 essays written by Hamilton, Madison, Jay to support ratification of Constitution The Federalist, or The Federalist Papers

79 1791 1st ten amendments protect freedoms of speech, religion, life, liberty, propertywhat do we call them? Bill of Rights

80 1790 Fund national debt at par; assume state debts; good for speculators and rich; tie wealthy to national governmentname the report Hamiltons Report on Public Credit #1

81 1790 Calls for BUS, the BA in BART (Congress accepts); 1st BUS runs from 1791-1811 Hamiltons Report on Public Credit #2

82 1791 Calls for the R and T in BART (Congress doesnt accept) Hamiltons Report on Manufacturing

83 1790s Strict v. Loose construction = origins of first party system Who represents loose construction and who represents strict construction? Same question: Who was first Secretary of the Treasury and who was the first Secretary of State? Hamilton and Jefferson

84 1776 on Educated moms must teach civic virtue to sons in a republic based on popular sovereignty Name the revolutionary concept that elevates the status of women and inferentially calls for better educational opportunities for women Republican Motherhood

85 1793 War between Britain and France-- Washington wants to stay out of French Revolutionary war; isolationism here Name the proclamation Washington issued Neutrality Proclamation

86 1793 Eli Whitney invents this; revolutionizes cotton processing; demand for slaves increases Cotton Gin

87 1798 Eli Whitney invents process with muskets; begins mass production capability Interchangeable parts

88 1794 Washington crushes Western Penn. rebels opposed to tax on whiskeyname the event Whiskey Rebellion

89 1795 After Fallen Timbers (Gen. Wayne), Miamis cede vast tract in Ohio valley to the treaty Treaty of Greenville

90 1794/95 (94 negotiated; 95 ratified) Avoids war with Britain; Britain finally gets out of west. forts; Brit. pays damagesname the treaty Jay Treaty

91 1795 Spain grants free navigation of Mississippi and right of deposit at New Orleans; gives up claim to the old West Florida between 31° and 32°28'; good deal that follows Jay treatyname the treaty Pinckney Treaty

92 1798 U.S. refuses to pay bribe to talk with French; ignites war fever in the event XYZ Affair

93 1800 U.S.-France seizing ships; near to full war; Convention of 1800 defuses issuewhat do we call this war? Undeclared Naval War with France

94 1798 Sedition act punishes Jeffersonians for speaking out against Adams; bad law is a violation of 1 st Amendment freedom of speech; a second law deals with aliens name the acts Alien and Sedition Acts

95 1798-99 Responding to Sedition act, Mad/Jeff assert right of a state to nullify federal lawwhat do we call Mad/Jeff writings? Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

96 1739-1831 Fears cause states to adopt laws restricting communications, learning, travel among slaveswhat caused the slaveowners to be fearfulname the revolts Answer: Slave revolts (Stono, South Carolina, 1739; Gabriel Prosser, Virginia, 1800; Denmark Vesey, South Carolina 1822; Nat Turner, Virginia, 1831, are among the more notable revolts)

97 1800 U.S.-France cancel 1778 alliance; peace not war herename the treaty Convention of 1800

98 1800 Revolution (election) of 1800 causes peaceful transfer of power from Federalists to Jeffersonianswhat do we call this phenomenon? Revolution of 1800

99 1801-1809 Significance of Jeffersons presidency He was strict in theory, loose in practice (e.g., Louisiana, where he went ahead and bought it, arguing that he did not have the authority but a constitutional amendment could authorize what he didhe never got the amendmentthus strict in theory, loose in practice); also he did not attack Hamiltons BUS

100 1803 U.S. doubles in size for $15 million; New Orleans finally belongs to the event Louisiana Purchase

101 1804-1806 Jefferson commissions this expedition that is Americas grand adventurename it Louis and Clark Expedition (the Corps of Discovery)

102 1803 In this case, the principle of judicial review is established (articulated by Hamilton in Federalist #78) Marbury v. Madison

103 1801-07 Jeffs VEEP kills Hamilton; organizes conspiracy in southwest; tried for treason but not convictedname him Aaron Burr

104 1801-05 A reluctant Jefferson beats Tripoli who wanted tribute to allow U.S. ships to sail in the Mediterreanname the war War with Tripoli

105 1807 British, looking for deserters, attack U.S. warship; almost leads to warname this incident Chesapeake affair

106 1807 Following Chesapeake affair, Jefferson approves this as a response to the British Embargo (recall the bitterness over Jeffersons embargo among New England Federalists, merchants and traders)

107 Early 1800s British seize men (including U.S. citizens) to serve in Royal navy; U.S. hates thisname this practice Impressment

108 1809 Embargo repealed in favor of trade but not with Britain and Francename the act Non-intercourse Act

109 1810 This supersedes non-intercourse: trade OK with Brit/Fr; if one stop offenses, embargo will be put on the othername the act Macons Bill #2

110 1812-15 War of 1812 War of 1812 causesname them CMEN + warhawks (Chesapeake, Impressment, Embargo-1807, Nonintercourse--1809, Macons Bill #2-- 1810, and Calhoun/Clay elected to House in 1810westerners clamoring for suppression of Indians and possibly expansion into Canada)

111 Early 1800s Shawnee chief; forces defeated at Tippecanoe/1811; killed at Thames/1813 name him Tecumseh

112 1793-1824 U.S. Foreign Policy: approach to essay question on How do you approach a foreign policy question from 1793 to 1824?? European distresses = American successes, from 95 Greenville to 23 Monroe Doc (as Britain, France go to war, U.S. takes advantage Greenville 94, Jay 95, Pinckney 95, Convention of 1800, Louisiana Purchase 03, seizure of West Florida 1810-13, Convention of 1818, Adams-Onís Treaty 1819, Monroe Doctrine 23, Russo-American Treaty 24)

113 Christmas Eve, 1914 Name the treaty ending the War of 1812 Traty of Ghent

114 1-8-15 After Treaty of Ghent, he beats British and becomes national heroname him and the battle Andrew Jackson and Battle of New Orleans

115 Late 1814-early 1815 Anti-war Federalists oppose Madison; Federalist Party dies at Hartfordname the event Hartford Convention

116 1815-c. 1824 War of 1812 consequences Answer: BART called for; era of good feelings and one-party rule; Clays Amer. System (BART=bank, internal improvements, tariff: 2 nd BUS runs 1816-1826; Erie Canal completed 1825 (have states do internal improvements); first tariff for protection in 1816)

117 1800 on Political (Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clark, War of 1812), Judicial (Marshall decisions); economic (BART); cultural (BIC and HR School) (BIC = Bryant, Irving, Cooper; HR = Hudson River School, Thomas Coles Oxbow=romanticized landscapes)name the ism here Nationalism

118 1816this one is a duh 1st tariff for protective purposes (to protect infant manufacturing spawned by War of 1812)name it, duh Tariff of 1816

119 c. 1815-24 Henry Clay supported BART; the So and West benefit too with R carrying stuff to marketname this American System

120 1815-c. 1824 Monroes terms; one-party; but Panic of 1819 and conflicts over BART occurredname the era Era of Good Feelings

121 1817 Lets free the slaves and move them to Africa; Liberia created on African coastname the organization American Colonization Society

122 1817 Disarms Great Lakes (U.S.-Britain)name the treaty Rush-Bagot Disarmament Treaty

123 1818 U.S. and Britain agree to joint occupation of Oregon; also sets Louisiana Purchase boundary from Lake of Woods to Rocky Mountains (49th parallel)name the treaty Convention of 1818

124 1819 Speculation in western lands sparks unemployment, bank failures, debtors prison Answer: Panic of 1819

125 1819 MD tax law struck down; federal supremacy here; necessary and proper here tooname the decision McCulloch v. Maryland

126 1819 Spain cedes Florida and gives up vague Oregon claim; southern/western border of Louisiana fixed along step line (step = Sabean R. north to Red R., west to 100 th, north to Arkansas R., due north from headwaters of Arkansas to 42 nd, then west to ocean)name the treaty Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 (do not say Florida Cession lest you forget the step line

127 1820 MO slave; ME free; no slavery in LA territory above 36°30' north latitudename the event Missouri Compromise What did Jefferson call it? The [death] knell of the Union

128 1823 Europe/American continents different, so nonintervention/noncolonization demanded name the PEP here Monroe Doctrine

129 1820s Austin gets Mexican land grant; Americans settle; conflicts arisename the area Texas

130 1820s-30s NE farm girls work in company textile factory and live in company housingname the PEP here Lowell System

131 1832 1st 3rd party; anti-Mason, anti-Jackson name the party Anti-Masonic Party

132 Early 1800s States drop property qualifications to vote; contributes to Jackson Era of Common Man--what is happening here? Expansion of suffrage

133 1828-48 Expand votes/ appeal to LAFS; hate monopoly; start spoils; hurt Indians: in 1840s, settle Oregon and take Mexican Cession what name do we give to this era? Jacksonian Democracy

134 1832-35 Jackson attacks 2nd BUS as monopolistic monster; success of attack creates $ instabilityname the event Bank War

135 1836 Jackson says you must use gold/silver to buy western lands; paper cant be usedname the PEP Specie Circular

136 1830-39 Jackson OKs this act in 30; tribes move; Cherokee Trail of Tears 38-39name the entire process Indian Removal

137 1828 on Jackson thinks government work easy; gives government jobs to friends and cronies; bad systemname the PEP here Spoils System

138 1840-c. 1852 Democrats and Whigs form this; Whigs strongly pro-BART + --what is this? 2 nd party system (1 st =Feds, Jeffs)

139 1830 Jackson vetoes funds for highway in KY because its only in KY (blow to BART)what do we call this veto? Maysville Road veto

140 1830 Webster: constitution=supreme law of land; Hayne: U.S.= compact among statesname this 1830 event that occurred in the U.S. Senate Webster-Hayne Debate (one of the best speeches in U.S. history is Websters second reply to Hayne, January 26-27, 1830, in which he attacks nullification and ends withLiberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!)

141 1828-1832 1828 Tariff of Abominations; Calhoun=South Carolina Exposition and Protest; 1832 tariff too high and SC nullifies; Jackson gets Force Bill; Clay brokers lower tariff; SC repeals ordinance of nullification but nullifies the Force Bill; nullification theory = states are sovereignwhat do we call this crisis? Nullification Crisis

142 1832 USSC says only feds, not states, can regulate Indian affairs; federal supremacy name the decision Worcester v. Georgia

143 1835 Tocqueville: Africans and Indians lose in U.S.; women do better than in Europename the book Democracy in America

144 1837 Speculation led to panic; Jacksonians call for independent treasuryname this economic event Panic of 1837

145 1840 Idea!! Put fed. $ in independent vaults, not state banks; will stop speculationname this idea Independent treasury (Whigs repeal but Polk puts it back when hes pres.)

146 1832-1852 This party elected 2 pres (Harrison 40; Taylor 48); agenda was BART + moral reforms, public educationname the party Whig

147 1828-48 Summary 1830s: Good: expands vote, handles tariff controversy well; Bad: attack on BUS, Specie circular, Panic of 37, treatment of Indians; 1840s: Good: establishes Independent treasury, gains from Mexican War, settles Oregon; Bad: imperialistic war with Mexicowhat to we call this entire period? Jacksonian Democracy (Jackson 29-37; Van Buren 37-41; Polk 45-49)

148 1811-1852 Public road from MD to IL helps transportation and movement of goods name the road National Road

149 1825 NY builds canal from Buffalo to Albany; west can get goods to market nowname the canal Erie Canal

150 1828 on This form of transportation contributes to national market; major industry in later 1800sname the mode of transportation Railroads

151 1830-1900 Cheap labor; keep Catholicism; prompts nativist reaction; stayed on east coastwhat are we talking about here? Irish immigration

152 1840s on Wealthier than Irish, moved inland, cultural diversity (kindergarten, beer), reformers what are we talking about here? German immigration

153 1840s-50s Political party reacts against immigrants; anti- German, anti-Irish, anti-Catholicname the party American or Know-Nothing Party

154 1840s on A womans place=home (artistic, moral are good), but too sensitive for labor marketput a name on this idea Cult of Domesticity

155 1848 on Denied econ./polit. opportunity and freedom (married/property), women object; women fight for abolition and reforms; Wyoming Terr. grants vote 1869what are we talking about here? Womens rights movement

156 1845 Who wrote Women in the Nineteenth Century, a manifesto of the womens rights movement? Margaret Fuller

157 1848 Stanton, Mott, Declaration of Sentiments modeled on Dec of Ind; demands rights name the event Seneca Falls Convention

158 1820-1860 Horace Mann fights for longer hours, better teachers, improved curriculumwhat are we talking about here? Education reform

159 1820s-40s Finney leads revivals; reforms gain ground (PAW); Meth/Bapt gains are hugename the event Second Great Awakening

160 1830s-40s Name the great preacher of the Second Great Awakening and identify the reform movements he promoted. Charles G. Finneyprohibition, abolition, womens rights (PAW, as in Finney put his paw on several antebellum reform movements

161 1830s-40s Joseph Smith starts; Brigham Young leads them to Utahname this religious group Mormons

162 1848-80 Bible communism; complex marriage/selective breeding marginalizes sectname this community Oneida Community

163 1841-46 Transcendentalists lead communitarian lifestyle on 200 acre farm that fails but demonstrates utopian fervor of mid-century idealistsname the community Brook Farm

164 1830s-50s Emerson, Thoreau, Fuller elevate individual dignity; reformers; self-reliancewhat group of people are we talking about here? Transcendentalists

165 1820s on Thomas Cole; romanticized landscapes; break from Europe; cultural nationalism name the art school Hudson River School

166 1820s on Bryant, Irving, Cooper=BIC=cultural nationalismname the school Knickerbocker School

167 1830s on Douglass, Garrison, Truth promote this reform Abolition

168 1850s on Neil Dow and women fight for this Prohibition

169 1840s on Who fought for humane treatment of mentally ill? Dorothea Dix

170 1840s-50s God ordained U.S. to take all to Pacific, then in 50s reach into Latin Americaname this idea Manifest Destiny

171 1836-45 Alamo (36) leads to independence; slavery issue keeps this area out of U.S. until 1845 name the area Texas

172 1846 Polk/Britain agree to 49th parallel to divide this territory: good deal for bothname the area Oregon

173 1846-48 Polk prompts war; gets all from TX to Pacific; Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo (2-2-48)name the war Mexican War

174 1846 Pennsylvania representative proposes no slavery in lands taken from Mexico in upcoming war; fails (2)name this Wilmot Proviso

175 1848 Name the treaty ending the Mexican War Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

176 1820 MO slave; ME free; no slavery in LA territory above 36°30' north latitudename this Missouri Compromise

177 1831 on Radical abolitionist; Liberator (1st=1-1-31); Southerners start to defend slavery after he starts his campaignname him William Lloyd Garrison

178 1833 Supports immediate abolition; later for Liberty, Free-Soil, and Republican partiesname the organization American Anti-Slavery Society

179 1800-1860 Name the institution that was the heart of the sectional controversy in the antebellum period Slavery (read this lengthy note on the notes pageyou have to know this)

180 1837 speech in Senate This So. Car. Senator argues that slavery is a positive good; blasts North. Bossesname him John C. Calhoun

181 1817?-1895 Brilliant orator and writer; most prominent of the black abolitionistsname him Frederick Douglass

182 1840s-50s Right of the people in territories to vote to have slavery or no slavery--name this idea Popular Sovereignty

183 1850 CA=free; no slave trade in D.C.; NM/UT terr.=pop.sov.; strong fug. slave act; Texas boundary adjusted for $10 millionname these five acts Compromise of 1850

184 1850 Part of Comp. of 50; NO passes personal liberty laws ; resentment in NO and SO buildsname the act Fugitive Slave Act

185 1852 Enflamed passions in both NO and SO; written in response to Fug. Slave Act--name the book Answer: Uncle Toms Cabin Who wrote it? Harriet Beecher Stowe

186 1853 Part of Mexico (now AZ/NM) for $10 mill.; to build southern railroadname this purchase Gadsden Purchase

187 1854 Remainder of LA terr.=pop.sov.; KS and NE terr. formed; free-soilers enraged; Republican Party emergesname the act Kansas-Nebraska Act

188 1854-2007 North based party; for BART and no slavery in territories; higher educ; homesteads name the party Republican Party

189 1857 Slaves cant sue; MO Comp.=unconst.; free blacks cant be citizens; bad decisionname it Dred Scott decision

190 1857 KS constitution is pro-slave; Douglas opposes and loses SO Dem. Supportname this constitution Lecompton Constitution and crisis

191 1858 IL senate race debate with Lincoln; Douglas articulates this doctrine, that people can vote vs. slavery in a territory if they want to and slavery will stay downname this doctrine Freeport Doctrine

192 1793-1860 Cotton is King; no one dare make war on cotton; SO arrogance here is misplaced name this idea King Cotton

193 1859 Abolitionist radical=violent assault on Harpers Ferry; becomes martyr for North name this man John Brown

194 1860 party platform No slavery in territories; BART; public education; homesteadsthis is the platform of what party Republican Party

195 4-12-61 Fort at Charleston, SC: Confederates open fire, starting Civil Warname the fort Fort Sumter

196 1861-65 20 million in NO vs. 9 in SO; 5X as many mfg. plants in NO.; SO needs quick warname this in general North v. South in Civil War (see the notes)

197 1861-65 Lincoln could not alienate four slave states still in Union (DEL, MD, KY, MO)--What do we call these states? Border States

198 1861 Union war goalname it Preserve union (later add emancipation)

199 1863-65 180,000 served; 38,000 killed; 54th Mass.=1st regiment in 63; full pay by 1864 name these soldiers in general African American soldiers

200 1862-64 C.S.A. commerce raider; points to delicate diplomatic issue with Britainname the ship C.S.S. Alabama

201 1862 Law grants 160 acres for small fee to settlers (previous: land sales=revenue)name the act Homestead Act

202 9-17-62 Union victory shows Br/Fr Union power; Emancipation Proclamation followsname the battle Antietam

203 1-1-63 All slaves in land still in rebellion are free as of 1-1-63; turns War into crusadename this event Emancipation Proclamation

204 1862 Rep. education act for land-grant colleges (Texas A&M, e.g.); far-sightedname the act Morrill Act

205 1865-72 To provide food, clothing shelter, education for freed slaves; education a big ++++--name this agency Freedmens Bureau

206 1865 This amendment frees the slaves 13 th Amendment

207 1865 on Freed slaves share crop proceeds (50/50) or become tenants on farms and forever indebted to owners and stores; this reconfigures SO agriculture after the Civil Warwhat do we call this? Tenant farming/sharecropping

208 1865-67 SO states pass laws restricting freedmen to stabilize workforce and keep them down Black Codes

209 1863, 1865 10% of voters in 1860 election can start govt; Johnson adds pardons requiredname this Presidential reconstruction

210 1867-77 Cong. Radicals divide SO into 5 military districts; SO states must ratify 14th Amend. what do we call this? Congressional (radical, military) reconstruction

211 1865, 1868, 1879 13th=free slaves; 14th=citizenship to Africans; 15th=vote for Africans-but no women Civil War Amendments

212 1867 Sec. of State Seward gets this land for $7.2 million; Russia off No. Amer. Nowname this purchase Alaska

213 1868 Johnson opposes Congress; House impeaches; one vote short of removal in Senatename this event Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

214 1877 Hayes promises to pull troops out of South; ends Reconstruction name this Compromise of 1877

215 1870s on This group of people installed Jim Crow/tenant farming/sharecropping/crop liens and took over Southern state governments what do we call them in general? Southern redeemers

216 1877 The name we use to indicate the systematic legal separation of whites and blacks to keep blacks in their place Jim Crow

217 1866-1890 This occurred mainly on the Great Plains provide the general name Plains Indian Wars

218 1868 This treaty guaranteed Sioux lands after Red Cloud beat the U.S. Armyname the treaty Treaty of Fort Laramie But in the 1870s, violations of the treaty led to Plains Indian Wars

219 1876 Crazy Horse annihilates U.S. 7th Cavalry under Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer name the battle Little Big Horn

220 1877, 1890 Great Sioux leaders at Little Big Horn; both killed by Army (one in 77, one in 90) name them Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull

221 1868-1890 At Washita (68); Little Big Horn (76); and reconstituted at Wounded Knee (90)name the unit U.S. 7th Cavalry

222 1877 Chief runs with people toward Canada; fails; I will fight no more forever quotename the chief Chief Joseph of the Nez Percé

223 1890 U.S. 7 th Cavalry wipes out Sioux under Bigfoot; ends Plains Indian warsname the battle Wounded Knee

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