Presentation on theme: "MERLOT New Horizons Conference 2003 Building Effective Online Learning Assignments with MERLOT Cathy Simpson Laura Franklin Northern Virginia Community."— Presentation transcript:
MERLOT New Horizons Conference 2003 Building Effective Online Learning Assignments with MERLOT Cathy Simpson Laura Franklin Northern Virginia Community College
Objectives n To assist faculty in development of effective online assignments using MERLOT learning objects. n To share process for designing assignments incorporating MERLOT learning assignment feature. n To share process for evaluating assignments incorporating MERLOT evaluation standards.
Before the Learning Assignment Ask the key questions n Who are my learners? n What do I want my learners to learn? n What tools do they need to learn? n How will I assess what they have learned?
Whats The Evidence of Learning? What are the knowledge and skills your students are expected to acquire? Examples: to write coherent and convincing arguments, to design sound experiments, to analyze data
Whats The Evidence of Learning? Where, when, and with what will the students demonstrate their learning? (in the classroom, lab or real world)
Whats The Evidence of Learning? What are the learning products that you will require of your students? Examples: term paper, questions answered, poetry, portfolio, reflections, lab report
Whats The Evidence of Learning? What are the aspects of student performance that reflect an A,B,C, D and F performance?
Connecting Assignments to Assessments Working out your rubric in advance allows you to link assessment back to the expectations set forth in the learning assignment.
To Learn Effectively Learners Need Clear and explicit description of what is to be learned. Examples and demonstrations with feedback. Sufficient chance to practice and reinforce. Sufficient opportunity to generalize and reflect.
Essential Design Elements of Effective Learning Assignments n Background Information n Explicit Directions n Defined Learning Questions/ Activities
MERLOT Guidelines for Good Directions n List all resources and equipment n Provide specific sequence of all steps in the process n Provide background info on a step, wherever possible. n Place the background info as close as possible to the step to which it relates. n Tell students exactly what they must do to accomplish their goals.
Guidelines continued n Make sure instructions refer to labels exactly as they appear on computer screen. n Provide feedback for each step in the learning process. n Make sure a Getting to Know Assignment includes all the functions of the software. n Detail or estimate the amount of time needed to complete task.
Learning Assignment Format Visually distinguish background text from directions for using the software by different fonts and /or placement. (from MERLOT Adding a Learning Assignment, page 7.)
Applying Gagnes Instructional Events n Gaining Attention n Informing the Learner of Learning Objective n Stimulating Recall of Prior Learning n Presenting the Stimulus n Providing Learning Guidance
Gagne continued n Eliciting performance n Providing feedback n Assessing performance n Enhancing retention and transfer
Evaluation of Learning Assignment n Did I engage students with a leading question or a scenario? n Did I state the learning objective clearly? n Did I activate prior knowledge? n Did I provide examples? n Did I ask students to demonstrate control of material?
Evaluation of Learning Assignment n Did I provide feedback? n Did I provide assessment activities to be sure learning occurred? n Did I give students the opportunity to apply their knowledge to other learning situations?
Contacting the VCCS MERLOT Team n Laura Franklin n Cathy Simpson