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Managing Stress After A Disaster Presented by Dr. Diane Sasser and Dr. Rebecca White, Family Development Extension Specialists, LSU AgCenter Developed.

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Presentation on theme: "Managing Stress After A Disaster Presented by Dr. Diane Sasser and Dr. Rebecca White, Family Development Extension Specialists, LSU AgCenter Developed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Managing Stress After A Disaster Presented by Dr. Diane Sasser and Dr. Rebecca White, Family Development Extension Specialists, LSU AgCenter Developed by Kim Evans, Extension Agent

2 Family Stress Management Even strong families can be stressed to the point of crisis and thus be immobilized.

3 Goals and Objectives Participants will be able to: Identify personal signs or symptoms of stress Define ways to cope with stress Develop a personal plan to cope with the stress in their life

4 Stress in Everyday Life The majority of individuals and families are suffering from stress Stress can make people sick Stress affects peoples emotional well- being and work productivity Stress is unavoidable

5 Stressors Major life events –death, divorce, relocation Minor life events daily hassles Chronic Stressors –illness, disability, poverty, discrimination

6 Health Problems Related to Stress Allergies Arthritis Asthma Pain in neck, back, shoulder Colds and Flu Headaches Heart problems Insomnia Skin Problems Stomach Problems

7 ABC -X Model B - Resources Familys resources or strengths C - Perceptions A - Event X-Degree of Stress Provoking event or stressor Meaning attached to event Stress and crisis

8 Event – Significant, Enough to Provoke Change

9 Familys Resources - At Time of Event

10 Perceptions – Meaning Attached to Event

11 You know you're from the Gulf Coast when... You have FEMA's number on speed dial. You have more than 300 'C' and 'D' batteries in your kitchen drawer. When describing your house to a prospective buyer, you say it has three bedrooms, two baths and one safe hallway. You are on a first-name basis with the cashier at Home Depot. You are delighted to pay $3 for a gallon of regular unleaded. The road leading to your house has been declared a No- Wake Zone. You decide that your patio furniture looks better on the bottom of the pool. You can wish that other people get hit by a hurricane and not feel the least bit guilty about it.

12 Degree of Stress

13 External Context Culture History Economy Development Heredity

14 Internal Context Structural Psychological Philosophical

15 Values and Beliefs Values and beliefs of family determine its action when faced with a problem Fatalismfamily belief system that leans toward passive acceptance Gender differences

16 Look, Honey, I just bought the answer to all our problems!

17 Family Coping Process of managing a stressful event or situation by the family as a unit with no negative effects on any individual in that family

18 The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly Good TechniquesBad Techniques

19 5 Stages of Grief Shock and Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance

20 Coping Strategies Problem solving Inherited rules and patterns of coping Sometimes the best strategy is to reorganize Managing as positive outcome

21 Proven Coping Strategies * Burr, Klein and Associates Relationships Spirituality Communication Cognitive Emotional Community Individual Development

22 Relationships Increase togetherness Develop increased trust Increase cooperation Increase tolerance

23 Spirituality Be more involved in religious activity Increase faith or seek help from higher being

24 Communication Be open and honest Listen to each other Be sensitive to non- verbal communication

25 Activity Heart to Heart cards

26 Cognitive Be accepting of the situation and others Gain useful knowledge Change how the situation is viewed or defined

27 Emotional Express feelings and affection Avoid or resolve negative feelings and disabling expressions of emotion Be sensitive to others emotional needs

28 Community Seek help and support from others Fulfill expectations in organizations

29 Individual Development Develop autonomy, independence and self-sufficiency Keep active in hobbies

30 Laughter By yourself or with somebody The human race has only one really effective weapon, and that's laughter. The moment it arises, all our harnesses yield, all our irritations slip away, and a sunny spirit takes their place. Mark Twain

31 Joy Breaks: Fun in Small Doses Less than 5 minutes cup of coffee Up to 30 minutes short walk Up to 2 days read a book 2 days or longer attend a conference

32 You know youre from the Gulf Coast when: You catch a 13-pound redfish - in your driveway. You can recite from memory whole portions of your homeowner's insurance policy. At cocktail parties, women are attracted to the guy with the biggest chainsaw. There is a blue tarp where your roof used to be. Someone comes to your door to tell you they found your roof. Ice is a valid topic of conversation. Relocating to South Dakota does not seem like such a crazy idea. You spend more time on your roof then in your living room. You've been laughed at over the phone by a roofer, fence builder or a tree worker. A battery powered TV is considered a home entertainment center. You don't worry about relatives wanting to visit during the summer. Having a tree in your living room does not necessarily mean it's Christmas.

33 Children and Traumatic Stress Signs and symptoms to look for

34 Helping Children Cope Take care of yourself : Physically Emotionally Spiritually

35 Helping Children Cope Make them feel safe Encourage talk about feelings Answer questions, but keep it simple Listen

36 Helping Children Cope Extra time Return to daily routines Give them chores Help others Limit TV exposure

37 Activity Whats your plan?

38 Within each of us is a hidden store of energy. Energy we can release to compete in the marathon of life. Within each of us is a hidden store of courage. Courage to give us the strength to face any challenge. Within each of us is a hidden store of determination. Determination to keep us in the race when all seems lost." Roger Dawson

39 When nothing is sure, everything is possible. Margaret Drabble - English novelist

40 References Boss, Pauline (2000). Ambiguous Loss: Learning to Live With Unresolved Grief. Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA. Boss, Pauline (2002). Family Stress Management (2 nd ed.). Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA. Burr, Wesley, Klein, Shirley and Associates (1994). Reexamining Family Stress: New Theory and Research. Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control Lingren, Harry (1998). Putting Laughter and Humor in Your Life. Lincoln, NE: Nebraska Extension Service. Matthews, Wayne. Extension Specialist, North Carolina State University Rodgers, Fred. (2003) The World According to Mister Rodgers. Hyperion Books: New York Shuster, Cynthia. Joy Breaks: Fun in Small Doses, Ohio State University Extension

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