Infinitives are the simplest form of a verb. In English we can spot out infinitives by seeing the word “to” in front of the verb. – To run, to read, to walk In Spanish infinitives are at the end of the word and there is only one word. The endings are ar, er, and ir. – Leer, nadar, escribir
Ending Conjugation Each ending form of ar, er, and ir have different conjugation to the root words: – Yo, tu, el, ella, ud, nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas, uds
Ending Chart imos arerir Yo Tu El, Ella, Ud Nosotros Vosotros Ellos, Ellas, Uds ooo as a amos ais an es e emos eis en es e is en
Negatives are sentences in Spanish that you usually put “no” in front of the verb or expression. In English we use “not.” – No me gusta correr I do not like to run In Spanish to say no to a statement or question you say “no” twice. The first “no” says no to the question, and the second “no” says “I don’t like” Te gusta cantar? Do you like to sing? No, no me gusta. No I don’t like to sing ?
Cont… You are also going to use “ni” “ni” which means nether nor. – Te gusta nadar y dibujar? No, no me gusta ni nadar ni dibujar. You also might use the word “nada” which means at all. – Te gusta cantar? Do you like to sing? No, no me gusta nada. No, not at all. ? ?
If someone tells you that he/she dislikes something, you can say “ a mi tampoco” which is like saying “me ether” or “nether do I.” – No me gusta leer. I don’t like to read. A mi tampoco. Me ether. To agree with what a person likes you use “a mi tambien” which means “me too.” – Me Gusta pasar tiempo con amigos. I like to spend time with friends. A mi tambien. Me too.
Words that describe people and things are called adjectives. (adjetivos) In Spanish most adjectives have both masculine and feminine forms. The masculine form usually ends in the letter –o and feminine forms usually end in –a. Masculine adjectives are used to describe masculine nouns. - Simpatico Feminine adjectives are used to describe feminine nouns. - Simpatica
Cont… Adjectives that end in –e describe both masculine and feminine nouns. - Inteligente MasculineFeminine Ordenado Trabajador Paciente Simpatico Ordenada Trabajadora Paciente Simpatica
Cont… Words that end in “a” describe both masculine and feminine nouns. – Deportista Words that end in “dora” are feminine. – Trabajadora Words that end in “dor” are masculine. – Trabajador
Definite and Indefinite Articles What are Definite and Indefinite Articles?
“El” and “la” are called definite articles and equivalent to “the” in English. “El” is used with masculine words, and “la” is used with feminine words. – El libro The book La Carpeta The folder El and La
Un and Una “Un” and “una” are called indefinite articles. These words are equivalent to “a” in English. “Un” is used with masculine nouns, and “una” is used with feminine nouns. – Un libro A book Una carpeta A folder El La Un Una The A, an
Placement of Adjectives What is Placement of adjectives?
In Spanish, adjectives usually come after the noun that they describe. – Jorge es un profesor inteligente (Mr. Mena) Jorge Scott Catlin Subject es Verb Un Profesor Un estudiante Una chica Indefinite Article + Noun Bueno Inteligente Artistica Adjective