Presentation on theme: "Goat Breeds and Selection Capra hircus. Goat Breeds and Selection Overview UMajor Breeds of Goats (Dairy, Meat and Mohair) UParts of a Goat UJudging Goats."— Presentation transcript:
Goat Breeds and Selection Capra hircus
Goat Breeds and Selection Overview UMajor Breeds of Goats (Dairy, Meat and Mohair) UParts of a Goat UJudging Goats UDairy UMohair UMeat UAssignment
Major Breeds of Goats Alpine (French Alps) UMedium to large sized Uonly breed with upright ears Uall colors and combinations of colors. UHair is medium to short Ustraight face with roman nose.
Major Breeds Goats Angora (Asia Minor) UBoth sexes are horned UPronounced spiral to the horn UUtilized in Mohair Production UWhite in color
Major Breeds Goats Boer (South Africa) UAlso known as the Africander UEarly maturing UPredominantly white with red head but some solid red exist.
Major Breeds Goats Golden Guernsey (British) Ucolor varies from cream to brown Uusually polled Ulower in milk production than most Swiss breeds Uhigher in butter fat and protein %
Major Breeds Goats LaMancha (Oregon) UFace is straight UGopher ear - max one inch in length preferably non-existent UElf ear-max. length of two inches with tip being turned up or down UAny color or combination is acceptable. UHair is short, fine and glossy Uhigh butterfat
Major Breeds Goats Nigerian Dwarf (West Africa) UMain colors are black, chocolate and gold with random white markings. UBreed year round UThey give 3-4# of milk per day at 6 to 10% butterfat UThey make great pets
Major Breeds Goats Nubian (Oriental) ULarge framed Uface being convex between the eyes and muzzle Uears are long, wide and pendulous. They flare out in a bell shape. UAny color or colors, solid or patterned
Major Breeds of Goats Pygmy Goat (Africa) UFull coat of straight, medium-long hair. UAll colors are acceptable Umuzzle, forehead, eyes and ears are accented in tones lighter than the dark portion of the body. UMake good pets
Major Breeds of Goats Saanen (Switzerland) UUsually yields 3-4% milkfat Umedium to large in size Uwhite or light cream in color. UEars are erect and carried forward. UFace straight or dished
Major Breeds of Goats Spanish (Spain) UFeral goat or brush goat native to U.S. UDescended from the goats that were released or escaped from the early Spanish explorers UUtilized for meat. UFat content is less than beef.
Major Breeds of Goats Toggenburg (Switzerland) UMedium in size UHair is short or medium in length UEars are Erect and Forward UFace may be straight or dished UColor is solid varying from light fawn to dark chocolate UDistinct white markings Uwhite ears with dark spot in middle Utwo white stripes down face from above each eye Uwhite legs below knee and hock Uwhite triangle on either side of the tail. Usome have wattles
Major Breeds of Goats Quiz #1 12 3 4
5 6 7 8
Major Breeds of Goats Answers to Quiz #1 12 3 4 Angora Boer Goat Nubian Alpine
Major Breeds of Goats Quiz #1 5 6 7 8 PygmyLaMancha Saanen Toggenburg
Goat Breeds and Selection Parts of a Goat
Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Dairy Goats UCorrect conformation of dairy goats is essential for a productive and successful operation. UIt is important to evaluate the differences of goats as they related to each other as well as how they relate to the breed ideal. American Dairy Goat Association Standard Score Card General Appearance - 30% Mammary System - 30% Dairy Character - 20% Body Capacity - 20%
Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Dairy Goats UGeneral Appearance: Impressive style and carriage, possessing attractiveness and feminity. UMammary System: Strongly attached and high quality udder, indicating high production and longevity. UDairy Character: Angularity and general openness throughout. UBody Capacity: Relative to the size of the animal, providing ample capacity for feed intake and production.
Goat Breeds and Selection Angora Goat Selection UIn selecting for fiber, one is interested in both quantity (weight) and quality of fiber (length, fineness, style, character,absence of kemp, etc.). UIn addition to fiber, one must be concerned with traits that contribute to the survival or viability (soundness, fertility, etc.) of the individual.
USelection based on quantity of fiber is accomplished by: Usize of the animal Ucompleteness of cover Ulength of fiber (four inches minimum) Udiameter of fiber (finer fibers preferred) Udifferences in density (desirable lock formation) USelection based on fleece weight Ugrease (oil) Udirt USelection based on age UWeaning or first shearing is a poor time USelect the animal at second and third shearing (12-18mts. Old) Goat Breeds and Selection Angora Goat Selection
Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats UConformation: URectangular in appearance from the side UStraight level top and belly ULength of rump, body, and leg are important ULegs should be straight and placed squarely under the body and should show evidence of muscling. UWidth between front legs Utrim brisket Uhindquarter should be muscular with loin and rumbp being of uniform width. ULegs should be square and wide from the rear view
Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats UGeneral Appearance UStature: Overall Skeletal Size UHead: Both Strength and refinement UFront End: (combination of chest and shoulder features) wide chest smooth blending shoulder with sharp withers UFront Legs: Sound UBack: Straight, wide, long and level URump: long, wide and level from thurl to thurl UHind Legs: wide and straight well muscled stifle UFeet: strong pasterns with even tight toes
UMUSCLE UHindquarters: long deeply attached muscle, thick high stifle, muscle over the thurl and rump should be obvious. ULoin: should be wide with a symmetrically oval shape on each side of the backbone which should carry over the rack. UShoulders: muscling should increase from the withers to the point of shoulder with the thickest muscle being above the chest floor. Forearm muscle should be prominent. UNeck: Neck and shoulder should be free of waste. Smoothness and quality are important. A long clean neck with muscle and balance is desirable. Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats
Condition refers to the amount of fat the animal is carrying. The ideal condition is thin but uniform. The external fat thickness over the loin at the 13th rib should be between.08 to.12 inches or an average of.1 inch. Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats
GoatBreeds and Selection Suggested Activity (Breeds of Goats Collage) 1. Divide the class into pairs. 2. Distribute old livestock magazines and periodicals among the class. Encourage them to share. 3. Direct the students to compile 15 different pictures in which they can identify the breed. (They must find atleast 8 different breeds) 4. After the students have collected their pictures, distribute a piece of poster board to each pair. 5. Provide colored pencils, markers and glue for them to arrange, number and identify their pictures in a creative way. 6. Display the projects in the classroom. 7. Have the students, after viewing all projects, make a list of the different breeds found.
Goat Breeds and Selection Suggested Assignment Sheets WAssignment - Use resource materials to locate information about goat breeds. -Use the Internet to locate the information and then have the students present their report in the form of a power point presentation. (ansi.okstate.edu) *Use the local computer instructor for a team teaching project.