2 Goat Breeds and Selection Overview Major Breeds of Goats (Dairy, Meat and Mohair)Parts of a GoatJudging GoatsDairyMohairMeatAssignment
3 Major Breeds of Goats Alpine (French Alps) Medium to large sizedonly breed with upright earsall colors and combinations of colors.Hair is medium to shortstraight face with roman nose.Dairy Breed
4 Major Breeds Goats Angora (Asia Minor) Both sexes are hornedPronounced spiral to the hornUtilized in Mohair ProductionWhite in colorMohair Production
5 Major Breeds Goats Boer (South Africa) Also known as the AfricanderEarly maturingPredominantly white with red head but some solid red exist.Meat Breed
6 Major Breeds Goats Golden Guernsey (British) color varies from cream to brownusually polledlower in milk production than most Swiss breedshigher in butter fat and protein %Dairy Breed
7 Major Breeds Goats LaMancha (Oregon) Face is straightGopher ear - max one inch in length preferably non-existentElf ear-max. length of two inches with tip being turned up or downAny color or combination is acceptable.Hair is short, fine and glossyhigh butterfatDairy Breed
8 Major Breeds Goats Nigerian Dwarf (West Africa) Main colors are black, chocolate and gold with random white markings.Breed year roundThey give 3-4# of milk per day at 6 to 10% butterfatThey make great petsMisc.
9 Major Breeds Goats Nubian (Oriental) Large framedface being convex between the eyes and muzzleears are long, wide and pendulous. They flare out in a bell shape.Any color or colors, solid or patternedDairy Breed
10 Major Breeds of Goats Pygmy Goat (Africa) Full coat of straight, medium-long hair.All colors are acceptablemuzzle, forehead, eyes and ears are accented in tones lighter than the dark portion of the body.Make good petsMisc.
11 Major Breeds of Goats Saanen (Switzerland) Usually yields 3-4% milkfatmedium to large in sizewhite or light cream in color.Ears are erect and carried forward.Face straight or dishedDairy Breed
12 Major Breeds of Goats Spanish (Spain) Feral goat or brush goat native to U.S.Descended from the goats that were released or escaped from the early Spanish explorersUtilized for meat.Fat content is less than beef.Meat Breed
13 Major Breeds of Goats Toggenburg (Switzerland) Medium in sizeHair is short or medium in lengthEars are Erect and ForwardFace may be straight or dishedColor is solid varying from light fawn to dark chocolateDistinct white markingswhite ears with dark spot in middletwo white stripes down face from above each eyewhite legs below knee and hockwhite triangle on either side of the tail.some have wattlesDairy Breed
19 Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Dairy Goats Correct conformation of dairy goats is essential for a productive and successful operation.It is important to evaluate the differences of goats as they related to each other as well as how they relate to the breed ideal.American Dairy Goat Association Standard Score CardGeneral Appearance - 30%Mammary System - 30%Dairy Character - 20%Body Capacity - 20%
20 Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Dairy Goats General Appearance: Impressive style and carriage, possessing attractiveness and feminity.Mammary System: Strongly attached and high quality udder, indicating high production and longevity.Dairy Character: Angularity and general openness throughout.Body Capacity: Relative to the size of the animal, providing ample capacity for feed intake and production.
21 Goat Breeds and Selection Angora Goat Selection In selecting for fiber, one is interested in both quantity (weight) and quality of fiber (length, fineness, style, character,absence of kemp, etc.).In addition to fiber, one must be concerned with traits that contribute to the survival or viability (soundness, fertility, etc.) of the individual.
22 Goat Breeds and Selection Angora Goat Selection Selection based on quantity of fiber is accomplished by:size of the animalcompleteness of coverlength of fiber (four inches minimum)diameter of fiber (finer fibers preferred)differences in density (desirable lock formation)Selection based on fleece weightgrease (oil)dirtSelection based on ageWeaning or first shearing is a poor timeSelect the animal at second and third shearing (12-18mts. Old)
23 Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats Conformation:Rectangular in appearance from the sideStraight level top and bellyLength of rump, body, and leg are importantLegs should be straight and placed squarely under the body and should show evidence of muscling.Width between front legstrim briskethindquarter should be muscular with loin and rumbp being of uniform width.Legs should be square and wide from the rear view
24 Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats General AppearanceStature: Overall Skeletal SizeHead: Both Strength and refinementFront End: (combination of chest and shoulder features) wide chest smooth blending shoulder with sharp withersFront Legs: SoundBack: Straight, wide, long and levelRump: long, wide and level from thurl to thurlHind Legs: wide and straight well muscled stifleFeet: strong pasterns with even tight toes
25 Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats MUSCLEHindquarters: long deeply attached muscle, thick high stifle, muscle over the thurl and rump should be obvious.Loin: should be wide with a symmetrically oval shape on each side of the backbone which should carry over the rack.Shoulders: muscling should increase from the withers to the point of shoulder with the thickest muscle being above the chest floor. Forearm muscle should be prominent.Neck: Neck and shoulder should be free of waste. Smoothness and quality are important. A long clean neck with muscle and balance is desirable.
26 Goat Breeds and Selection Judging Meat Goats Condition refers to the amount of fat the animal is carrying. The ideal condition is thin but uniform. The external fat thickness over the loin at the 13th rib should be between .08 to .12 inches or an average of .1 inch.
27 GoatBreeds and Selection Suggested Activity (Breeds of Goats Collage) 1. Divide the class into pairs.2. Distribute old livestock magazines and periodicals among the class. Encourage them to share.3. Direct the students to compile 15 different pictures in which they can identify the breed. (They must find atleast 8 different breeds)4. After the students have collected their pictures, distribute a piece of poster board to each pair.5. Provide colored pencils, markers and glue for them to arrange, number and identify their pictures in a creative way.6. Display the projects in the classroom.7. Have the students, after viewing all projects, make a list of the different breeds found.
28 Goat Breeds and Selection Suggested Assignment Sheets Assignment - Use resource materials to locate information about goat breeds.-Use the Internet to locate the information and then have the students present their report in the form of a power point presentation. (ansi.okstate.edu)*Use the local computer instructor for a team teaching project.