Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Osteoporosis: What Can I Do About It? Presented by: Shara Arnofsky, MS PT Core Strength Physical Therapy, LLC 1430 2 ND Avenue (212) 861-1870 Celebrate.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Osteoporosis: What Can I Do About It? Presented by: Shara Arnofsky, MS PT Core Strength Physical Therapy, LLC 1430 2 ND Avenue (212) 861-1870 Celebrate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Osteoporosis: What Can I Do About It? Presented by: Shara Arnofsky, MS PT Core Strength Physical Therapy, LLC ND Avenue (212) Celebrate National Osteoporosis Awareness and Prevention Month "Standing Tall for You" MAY 2007

2 What is Osteoporosis? A disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue A loss of 10%-20% of bone mass indicates the onset of osteoporosis Known as the silent disease due to its symptom free nature. The fractures often are undetected, delaying treatment & prevention of further fractures Can lead to collapsed vertebrae which causes the symptoms of severe back pain, loss of height, or spinal deformities including stooped posture

3 May Is National Awareness Month Osteoporosis Ambassador Entertainer, businesswoman and NOF Ambassador, Joan Rivers was diagnosed in Motivated to become an advocate for osteoporosis awareness when her doctor told her, if she keeps going on stage, she may break a hip and die. She emphasizes need for all genders, ages, and ethnicities to be aware of osteoporosis and take care of their bones. Ms. Rivers stresses the disease is largely preventable and treatable.

4 Osteoporosis Statistics 1 in 2 women & 1 in 4 men > 50 yrs will suffer an osteoporosis related fracture Fractures can be spontaneous and caused by everyday life activities 1 in 5 hip fracture patients end up permanently in a nursing home People on bed rest lose ~1% of bone density per week

5 Osteoporosis Risk Factors Females Thin and/or small frame body type Advanced age Family history of osteoporosis Estrogen deficiency due to menopause Abnormal absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) Anorexia nervosa Low lifetime calcium intake

6 Osteoporosis Risk Factors Vitamin D deficiency Use of certain medications (corticosteroids, chemotherapy, anticonvulsants and others) Low testosterone levels in men Inactive lifestyle Current cigarette smoking Excessive use of alcohol Being Caucasian or Asian, although African Americans and Hispanic Americans are at significant risk as well

7 Osteoporosis Detection Bone Mineral Density (BMD) testing – An increase in BMD testing and osteoporosis treatment was associated with a decrease in hip fracture incidence – Medicare reimburses for BMD testing every two years Posture and Balance Screening

8 Osteoporosis Prevention Maintain a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D Perform weight-bearing and resistance-training exercises Follow a healthy lifestyle with no smoking or excessive alcohol intake Regular visits to ones healthcare professional to discuss bone health Schedule periodic bone density tests and take medication when appropriate

9 Exercise and Osteoporosis Just as a muscle gets stronger with use, a bone becomes stronger and denser when stressed Research has shown that the progression of bone loss can be stopped by exercise alone

10 Types of Exercise Strength training – The use of weights or resistance to build muscle and strengthen bone

11 Types of Exercise Weight bearing aerobic – Doing aerobic activity while on your feet – Swimming and biking have many benefits, but are non-weight bearing

12 Types of Exercise Flexibility – Increase the mobility of joints, preventing muscle injury and improving posture

13 Exercise Precautions High impact exercises – These can increase compression on the spine leading to fracture Flexion based exercises – Causes excessive compression on the anterior of the vertebrae (trabecular bone) which is weakest in those with low BMD Side Bending and Rotation in Flexion

14 Spinal Extension Exercise The posterior surface of the vertebrae have denser type (cortical) bone which is less at risk of fracture One study shows that those with strong back extensor muscles had higher BMD in the spine Another study shows that strong back extensors correlated with fewer vertebral fractures

15 What is Pilates? Program designed to stretch, strengthen, and balance the body Movement principles focus on whole body health, whole body commitment, and breath Method of exercise developed by Joseph Pilates

16 Safe Initiation of Pilates for Osteoporosis ALWAYS obtain MD clearance before starting any exercise program Obtain a safe evaluation of function, strength and balance Receive proper education on osteoporosis Dos and Donts Learn proper posture and body mechanics Learn proper breathing techniques

17 Bone Building Through Pilates Focuses on body awareness, lengthening and alignment Focuses on abdominals without using risky crunches Requires the maintenance of optimal spinal posture during most exercises Encourages thoracic spine extension to prevent hunch back posture

18 Medication Options Antiresorptive Calcitonin Hormone Therapy Bone Forming

19 NOFs Updated Recommendations 1200 mg of calcium / day for adults 50 and older 800 – 1,000 I.U. of vitamin D 3 / day for adults 50 and older

20 Fall Prevention Clear Floors Bathroom Safety Bright Lighting Kitchen Safety General Precautions

21 Summary What Can I Do About Osteoporosis? Be screened by a licensed healthcare professional Maintain a healthy lifestyle Establish a safe and effective exercise program


23 Call For Your Screening Shara Arnofsky, MS PT Core Strength Physical Therapy, LLC nd Avenue between 74 th & 75 th st Suite 102 (212)

Download ppt "Osteoporosis: What Can I Do About It? Presented by: Shara Arnofsky, MS PT Core Strength Physical Therapy, LLC 1430 2 ND Avenue (212) 861-1870 Celebrate."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google