2Effective Tutoring and Mentoring This training is geared towards volunteers working with students one-on-one in a tutoring or mentoring roleWhile much of the information is relevant to all volunteers working with children, some strategies may not be appropriate for all settings or age levelsPlease check in with your mentor teacher about which strategies to use with students in a particular settingEffective Tutoring and Mentoring
3You will learn… Strategies for Connecting with Students Build relationships and positive rapport which leads to student success.Strategies for TutoringHelp students gain independence through problem solving, reasoning, and study skills.Strategies for MentoringEncourage students to create a positive future through dreaming, goal-setting, and planning.
4Strategies for connecting Build relationships and positive rapport which leads to student success.
5Setting the tone Getting started… Be friendly Make eye contact Introduce yourselfSit next to the studentAsk about their dayAsk how you can helpSetting the tone
6Forming a relationship Some students are easy to work with. They are positive, friendly, and ready to get to work right away.Some are more difficult to work with, and may require some “warm up” time before getting started.Forming a relationship
7A struggling student might… Refuse to do the work“Check out”Be disruptive, shocking, or funnySay “I don’t need any help.”Say “I don’t get it”Say “I don’t care!”Struggling students may use defense mechanisms to cope with their feelings and to protect themselves from failure or embarrassment.A “tough nut to crack”
8How will you feel if a student that you are trying to help acts this way towards you? Do they still need your help?What can you do to get through to them?Challenging Students
9Building trust is the first step in helping a student to feel comfortable enough to work with you. Keep your commitmentsBe on time; call if you will be late or unable to make itFollow through on what you sayHave consistent expectationsModel respectful behaviorEncourage the studentBe patient and persistentBuilding Trust
10Behavior Support When Faced with Challenging Behavior…. Do… Expect appropriate behaviorConsider age and settingRedirect the student back to the task at hand as often as necessaryOffer encouragement and supportTake a break when neededAsk for supportDon’t…Just allow bad behavior- this doesn’t help the student learnVerbally criticize the student or put them down – this breaks trustPunish the student - let the teacher give consequences if neededBehavior Support
11“Hey Joey, I really want to help you today, but I’m not sure that you’re ready to work yet. I’m going to go check in with Chloe, and then I’ll come back to see if I can help you get started.”Use this strategy when the behavior is not unsafe or distracting to others, but the student is not yet ready to work.If giving the student some time and encouragement doesn’t work, move on to getting behavior support from the teacher.Leave and Come Back
12“Abby really seems defiant today and refuses to do her work “Abby really seems defiant today and refuses to do her work. I’ve tried to visit with her and get her focused, but she keeps saying rude things and throwing her pencil across the room at the other kids. Can you help?”Ask for support
13Our students, staff, and volunteers all deserve to work in a safe environment This includes both physical and emotional safety and freedom from harassment or bullyingThreats of harm to self or others should be taken very seriously and reportedPlease report any safety concerns immediately to a staff member!Safe Environment
14Connecting with students can take time and patience Connecting with students can take time and patience. Whether easy or challenging to work with, every student can benefit from relationships with positive and caring adults. You are making a difference!Positive Influence
15Strategies for tutoring Help students gain independence through problem solving, reasoning, and study skills.
16Roadblocks Why might a student be struggling with school? What can we do to help them be successful?Will the same strategies work with every student?DiscussDiscuss:Possible answers include: Lack of study skills or focus, distracting life circumstances, learning disability, readingRoadblocks
17Set the stageBreak it downAddress different learning stylesGive just enough helpAsk open-ended questionsUse toolsNarrow the fieldPractice to masteryCreate a similar problemBe creative!What are some strategies that you can use to help students develop knowledge and thinking skills?Toolbox- won’t use every time with every studentCoaching Strategies
18Some students may need help organizing their space, time, and materials Have the student clear the work space of everything but what is needed for the assignmentAdjust the environment to what works for the student, within reasonTry working for a set time, then taking a quick breakWhat environment do you work best in? How do you set the stage when you have a big project to do?Set the stage
19An entire assignment (or multiple ones) can be overwhelming to a student Focusing on one thing at a time makes it more manageableKeep making it smaller and simpler until the student feels confident that they can do itBreak it down
20Different Learning Styles How does the student learn the best? Try …Drawing a pictureReading it aloudCreating a chart or webReading and highlightingUsing objectsUsing music or rhymesMaking it a gameCreating a modelAnything else that works!Different Learning Styles
21If the work is too hard for the student, give them just enough help so that they can figure it out on their own.Don’t just tell them the answer!You will be robbing them of the chance to think it out for themselves.Tire swing with preschoolersGive just enough help
22Ask open ended questions Ask open ended questions to encourage higher level thinking and problem solving skills.Avoid yes/no or multiple choice questions when possible.Some examples…How did you get that answer?How do you think that character felt?How did that event change history?What happened first in the story?Which of those answers makes the most sense to you?Ask open ended questions
23What tools do you use to find an answer or accomplish a task? Show the student how to use the tools and resources available to them.These may include scratch paper, index cards, a timer, a dictionary or thesaurus, a map, a Google search, or more!Use Tools
24If the student can’t find the answer they are looking for in the text, try “narrowing the field.” Direct them to the page or paragraph where the answer is found and ask them to review it again.Show the student how you used the index or scanned the text to narrow the field.Narrow the Field
25Practice until the student has a good handle on what he or she has learned Try to find an “attachment point” where students can add the new knowledge to existing knowledge or experiencesThe more fun and meaningful you can make it, the more memorable it will beGames, flashcards, songs, and rhymes can be good ways to practice facts that need memorizedPractice to Mastery
26Create a similar problem If the student can’t do the work independently yet, try creating a few similar problems to guide them through, then let them do the problem in their assignment when they are ready.Create a similar problem
27We have only shown you a few of the strategies that you can use to help students learn Each student is different in how they learn and are motivatedGet creative and find a way to help students learn and feel successfulDon’t forget to ask for support!Get Creative!
28Strategies for mentoring Encourage students to create a positive future through dreaming, goal-setting, and planning.
29Looking Ahead What did you want to be when you were a child? Is that the career you ended up pursuing?How many different types of jobs have you had?What would you do differently to plan for your career if could go back and do it again?Looking Ahead
30School can be hard, and students need to know why they are there in the first place Looking ahead to the future can help students get motivated to succeedLook for natural opportunities to talk about future plansMaking the Connection
32It’s never too early for a student to start thinking about what they want their future to look like It’s never too late to get on the right track and pursue a meaningful and fruitful careerAll students may not have the role models or encouragement to dream big - that’s where you come in!Dream Big
33Hearing about your experiences in education and the workplace may help to inspire a student Share difficulties and hardships along with successes!Encourage the student to succeed on his or her own pathShare your story
34Without education or training past the high school level, many students will be living at or below the poverty levelEducation makes the difference between a high or low paying job, or sometimes any job at all!Fighting Poverty
35Money can’t buy happiness, but it can buy food, shelter, and necessary items for self and family Education can mean the difference between working one enjoyable job, or 2-3 unpleasant onesBeing honest with older students about the impact of their studies on their future income can help them to see their education as relevantShow me the money!
36Each student will take a different path according to his or her interests, talents, and resources. Encourage each student to find the best future for his or her individual needs and assetsBe careful to demonstrate respect for all people regardless of income level or occupation when talking with students about money and careers.Unique Potential
37Very few people will train for and perform one job in their lifetime Students today need to be prepared for multiple careersA good educational foundation will allow students to change and adapt to the needs of workforceMultiple Careers
38Encourage students to think of several careers they might enjoy Teach students to invest in self and build a diverse portfolio of skills, education, and resourcesInvest in Self
39Don’t forget to model professional and friendly demeanor and appearance Students should know that they may need to dress and speak differently in the workplace than in a casual environmentSelf confidence goes a long way towards personal success!Personal Marketing
40Students may have limited experience with successful professionals or not know where to start You can help the student connect with college representatives, financial aid consultants, or mentors in their fieldAlways work with staff when connecting students with individuals outside of the schoolMake the connection
41Your work connecting with students, helping them with their studies , and mentoring them for the future makes a positive difference in our community.Thank You!!!