Presentation on theme: "Coping with Drought and Climate Change Project- Chiredzi Zimbabwe"— Presentation transcript:
1Coping with Drought and Climate Change Project- Chiredzi Zimbabwe Aaron Chigona (Msc)
2Outline of presentation Brief Project OverviewAchievementsEnablersChallengesLessons LearntExit StrategyRecommendations
3Chiredzi Situation Frequent Droughts & declining crop yields Declining pastures & livestock productivityTypical effects of drought on a householdIncreasing water scarcity, with women & children being the worst affectedPovertyOccasional flooding affects communication infrastructure
4Project Goal Project Purpose To enhance the capacity of agricultural based livelihood systems in Zimbabwe to adapt to climate variability and change.Project PurposeTo demonstrate and promote adoption of a range of gender segregated approaches for adaptation to climate change among rural communities currently engaged in agriculture in vulnerable areas of Chiredzi District as a national model.
5Specific objectivesTo expand the knowledge base on climate change for effective adaptation in the agriculture sector.To demonstrate a range of viable longterm adaptation options to manage climate variability and change among men and women agropastoralists in Chiredzi district based on identified climate risksTo develop local capacity to use climate early warning systems to strengthen adaptation/livelihood strategies in Chiredzi districtTo disseminate project generated lessons and foster public awareness about potential impacts of climate change to encourage policy changes that encourage adaptation
6Project theory of change INPUTSACTIVITIES/OUTPUTSOUTCOMESIMPACTSIncreased national capacity to manage CC risksTechnical studies on climate change risks/vulnerabilitiesRural communities are more resilient to climate change$ 983,000 GEF – govt. in kind contributions+ technical advice+ stakeholder commitmentPilot demos of agronomic & livestock adaptation measuresIncreased food security & income from pilot measuresTailored local weather forecasting systemMore reliable extension advice to farmersInstitutions are more responsive to CC risksAwareness & promotion of adaptation measuresIncreased awareness and replication of adaptation measures
7Pilot Sites Small scale irrigation Crops and livestock Natural Resources ManagementCrocodilesLocal climate monitoringCapture fisheries
9Project ObjectiveAn independent terminal evaluation of the project confirms that, “The project has developed and piloted a limited range of coping mechanisms and adaptation measures that effectively reduce vulnerability to drought at the project sites”.An Adaptation model for Chiredzi District has therefore been developed, with room for further refinement.
10Pillars of the Chiredzi Adaptation Model Text Box 1: Pillars of the Chiredzi Adaptation ModelProduct diversification: multi-cropping to reduce dependence on one or two crop and make better use of the ecological rangeEmploy drought tolerant crop varietiesIntegrate soil moisture conservation in rain-fed crop production systemsInvest in small scale irrigation systems (typically < 5 ha)Conserve local feed sources and create protein rich feed formulations for livestockPlant fodder to enhance pasturesImprove climate early warning systems
11Outcome 1: National capacity Climate risks and vulnerabilities for the Save Basin, including Chiredzi District have been assessed.Technocrats from Government have been trained in interpretation and use of climate change data.Climate Change awareness among government officials and farmers in Chiredzi District has increased.A lot more needs to be done for government and local authorities to drive adaptation.
12Outcome 2: LivelihoodsA range of coping and adaptation measures developed and implemented by the project have demonstrably increased household food security and income levels, and thus resilience to impacts of future climate change.
13Most of the agricultural adaptation measures such as crop diversification, drought tolerant varieties, soil moisture conservation, small scale irrigation, use of climate information, feed conservation and protein enhancement for livestock, and capture fisheries are being increasingly adopted by farmers.
14Outcome 2 cont….Non-agricultural adaptation measures such as: captive crocodile breeding and nature conservation for trophy hunting and ecotourism have promise but require more business training.
16Outcome 3: Climate information A new tailored local level seasonal rainfall forecast system for Chiredzi District has been developed.A network of local level climate monitoring stations has been established.Capacity of extension workers to access, interpret and help farmers use climate information has been developed.There is still need for more work to develop a robust decision support system for crop and livestock management.
17Outcome 4: ReplicationThe success and potential of certain adaptation measures has gained recognition at local level and beyond. Farmer Field Schools used to promote replication beyond pilot sites.The project strategy has a national profile.
18Replication cont…The project has developed a range of knowledge products to stimulate replication.There is more that needs to be done for lessons from the project to influence policy at district and national level development programmes
19Enabling factorsThe engagement of a range of stakeholders including farmers in assessing climate risks, identifying and field testing a range of adaptation measures increased their acceptance by farmers.The presence of fairly active crop and livestock research centres relevant to the project site made the process of technology identification simpler.Vastly altered weather patterns and climatic extremes have created a sense of urgency on the need for adaptation.
20ChallengesMacro-economic instability at project start adversely affected project budget and scheduling.Project scope was too open, making planning difficultGeographical spread of pilot projects was too wide making monitoring costly and difficult.
21Challenges..Most of the project partners did not always have the capacity or incentive to oversee certain project activitiesThe budget was always limited given the extend of the needs for adaptation.Project had challenges leveraging additional funding
22Lessons LearntClimate resilience in rural communities and success seems to depend on a web of local actors catalyzed by a common objective to make positive change.Ecosystem restoration can be an important pillar to build adaptive capacity in rural communities facing land degradation challenges. This element could not be demonstrated because of budgetary limitations.
23Lessons cont..Most technologies required for adaptation already exist, what seems to be missing is the financing, business drivers and markets to incentivize adoption of some of the technologies