Presentation on theme: "Help Save the World with Bamboo By Dr. Segundino U. Foronda, Ph.D. Forester, Inventor & Forest Products Specialist Democracy."— Presentation transcript:
Help Save the World with Bamboo By Dr. Segundino U. Foronda, Ph.D. Forester, Inventor & Forest Products Specialist Democracy M. Icawalo INBAR Alumnus & Bamboo Advocate
What is Climate Change?
Climate Change refers to any change in climate over time whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity or changing levels of Green House Gases (GHGs). It describes the short and long term effects on the earths climate as a result of human activities such as fossil fuel combustion and vegetation clearing and burning. It is also now referred to as GLOBAL WARMING. CLIMATE CHANGE
Causes of Climate Change Wanton utilization of fossil fuels Deforestation
Effects of Climate Change Pollution of water, air and soil Polar ice caps melting Negative economic consequences Increased extreme weather conditions Spread of diseases Landscape changes Adverse effects on agriculture and food supply
Solutions 1.Re-greening with trees and bamboo Bamboo is more recommended, however, considering its natural characteristics as follows: - Bamboo absorbs 35% more carbon dioxide compared to trees. It also emits 35% more oxygen. Even in finished products form, it will not release its C02 contents for decades. - It is much more sustainable and easier to plant. Even when burned, it will just grow back unlike trees. - Its maximum maturity period is only 5 years whilethe minimum time for trees to mature on the average is 10 years.
2.Use of clean & sustainable fuel substitutes Fossil Fuels vs. Bio-oil & Bio-coal Non-renewable- Renewable Grey CO2- Green CO2 Dirty - Clean Not cheap- Cheaper than fossil fuels
Bio-oil What is bio-oil (BO)? Not oil in traditional sense Liquid biomass, molecular composition resembles the feedstock Clean burning, carbon dioxide neutral fuel Aka: pyrolysis oil, bio-crude oil Can be co-fired in furnaces, boilers, gas turbines, and diesel engines
Bio-oil Green substitute to conventional fossil fuels in power generation for now. ( Soon, for transportation fuels! )
Benefits of Bio-oil Reduce dependence on fossil fuel Establish land cover Reduce GHG emissions Create jobs Motivate economic activity in the countryside Save foreign exchange Cheaper than fossil fuel
Cost of Bio-oil Even more importantly, bio-oil is priced at $25 - $35 a barrel… (Zeman, 2007) Equiv crude oil: US$ – a barrel CDM benefits when factored will increase bio-oils competitiveness!
Bio-oil Processing Fast Pyrolysis
Products of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil -Liquid biomass -Can be stored, pumped and transported Non-condensable gas - Re-circulated into the pyrolysis process Char -Black powder -Incompletely combusted biomass
Feedstock Any lignocellulosic or cellulosic material Forestry, agricultural and processing residues Wood, sawdust, bark, forest slash, waste paper Rice straw & husk, corn stalks & cobs, bamboo Cellulosic residues from bio-diesel/ bio-ethanol production, e.g., coco shell & husk, bagasse, etc. Poultry litter, animal dung No competition with food supply!
Bio-fuel Crops Compared
Indigenous plant species Easier to establish than tree species High regenerative capacity, even when burned High capacity to withstand extreme environmental conditions Fast growing and high-biomass yield Short maturity period Co-products: - Bamboo shoots - High quality pole segments Bamboo – Most Favorable Feedstock
Bamboo BO Plant Capacity 1000 ha plantation = 100TPD BO Facility Daily BO output = TPD
Moving Forward Invest in Bamboo Bio-oil Production and make money! Reduce dependence on fossil fuels Reduce GHG emissions Protect the environment Create jobs
Bio-coal What is bio-coal? Torrefied biomass Aka: e-coal, green coal No smoke/ odor, clean HHV = MJ/kg Easy to mill, friable Hydrophobic Decay resistant
Benefits of Bio-coal Stores and handles like fossil coal Requires no retrofitting for coal-fired plants Consistent and uniform fuel efficiency Generates electricity as efficiently as fossil coal Enables immediate GHG emissions reduction Fossil coal will emit (+/-) 300% more carbon dioxide compared to bio-coal Cost of bio-coal is only (+/-) 40% of the cost of fossil coal
Bio-coal Processing Torrefaction °C zero oxygen (+/-) 30 minutes Densification milling/ grinding pelletizing
We need to move from this to this!
Remember, we need to save our world for our children. Help save the world with bamboo!!!