Presentation on theme: "Mental Health Issues in Later Life"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mental Health Issues in Later Life WELLNESS AND PREVENTION
2 What is “Normal Aging”? Two groups: Those with diseaseThose with “normal” healthSociety has a widespread belief, however, that physical and mental declines are inevitable as we age.
3 Successful Aging Low risk of disease and disease-related disability High mental and physical functioningActive engagement with lifeThe combination of these three factors constitute the essence of successful aging(Rowe and Khan)
4 A Long and Healthy Life Common-sense practices Don't smoke Don't drink too muchEat a healthy dietGet at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity each dayGet regular checkups and screeningsWear seat belts and take other safety precautions
5 Other Factors for Successful Aging Attitudes and actions can transform our livesLifelong learningActive involvementA hopeful outlook
6 Caring for Yourself Maintain a positive outlook on life Take good care of your healthRemain activeStay in close contact with family and friendsEat rightRemain mentally activeKnow what you believe
8 Mental Health Issues in Later Life Maintaining Emotional Health
9 Terms to Describe a Healthy Emotional State Mental HealthEmotional HealthMental WellnessEmotions WellnessStandard definitions of these terms are difficult to find
10 Elements of Mental Wellness Definitions Statistical normalityObservations of one older adult's ability to function compared to othersThe degree to which mental disorders respond to treatmentAn idealized image of continued contribution, growth and functioning, sometimes labeled successful aging
11 Definitions of Mental Wellness A measure of personal life satisfaction and quality of life that affects the older individual and the community(www.asaging.org)“Striking a balance in all aspects of your life – social, physical, spiritual, economic, mental”(www.stjosham.on.ca/mentalhealth/about.htm)
12 Definitions of Mental Wellness (continued) Successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and the ability to adapt to change and to cope with adversity… mental health is the springboard of thinking and communication skills, learning, emotional growth, resilience, and self esteem(www.surgeongeneral.gov)
13 A Healthy Mind is Important Good mental health can help youEnjoy life moreHandle difficult situationsStay better connected to your loved onesKeep your body strongSave money on healthcare expensesLive longer(DHHS publication No. [SMA] , 2001)
14 Maintaining Emotional Health Most older adults enjoy good mental healthEmotional, mental, and physical health are all connectedA healthy mind is as important as a healthy body, and should be given the same attention!
15 Sleep Sleep is an important part of our ability to remember Neuronal connections may be remodeled during sleepSome memory tasks appear to be more vulnerable to sleep deprivation than othersSleep deprivation may produce effects in the brain that resemble those associated with aging Evidence that sleep plays an important role in memory consolidation(http://www.memory-key.com/NatureofMemory/sleep.htm)
16 Stress Managing stress can affect one’s outlook on life Not all stress is negativeChronic stress takes a toll on the brainIn older persons, stress is thought to play a bigger role in triggering depression than in other groups
17 Managing Stress Eat regular healthy meals Avoid caffeine Get enough sleepEngage in some kind of regular physical activityRecognize that there are some things you cannot control and focus your attention on the things that you canDevelop a sense of humor; put some fun back into your life by doing something you really enjoy every dayUse with handout #5
23 Mental Health Issues in Later Life Dealing with Grief
24 Grief and Bereavement Losses are a part of everyone’s lives As we age we accumulate more lossesLoss of a spouse is common in late lifeAbout 800,000 older Americans are widowed each yearElders’ expressions of grief are often shaped by their cultural values and beliefs
25 Grief and Loss Experiences Anxiety or panic40 percent of people who lose a spouse experience generalized anxiety or panic syndromes in the first yearDeathIn the first six months after a loss, mortality among surviving spouses increases 40 to 70 percent compared with the general population.
26 Complicated GriefRoughly 15 percent of people who have lost a loved one might be susceptible to “complicated grief”a condition more severe than the average loss-related life transition, depression, and anxietyRisk factors for complicated griefExcessive dependency on the person who diedHistory of depression or anxietySudden death of a loved one
27 Symptoms of Grief Depression Anxiety Substance abuse Symptoms of “complicated” griefsearching, yearning, preoccupation with thoughts of the deceased, crying, disbelief regarding the death, feeling stunned by the death, and lack of acceptance of the loss.
28 Stages of GriefDenialAngerReactive DepressionGuiltAcceptance
29 Coping with Grief Take care of your body Take care of your mind Take care of your spirit