Presentation on theme: "GEORGE BUSH Be able to describe the reasons for the fall of the USSR and communism in East Europe Describe foreign policy events of the Bush administration."— Presentation transcript:
GEORGE BUSH Be able to describe the reasons for the fall of the USSR and communism in East Europe Describe foreign policy events of the Bush administration Describe domestic policies during the Bush administration
GEORGE BUSH WINS THE ELECTION OF 1988
GORBACHEV INSTITUTES REFORMS IN USSR Glasnost- means openness- began to allow people to criticize problems in the USSR Allowed more books to be published Released political prisoners People began to complain about economic conditions Perestroika- economic reforms- allowed more local control of factories and some private businesses
DEMOCRATIZATION Beginning in 1987, Gorbachev began to open up the election process Gorbachev states he will not intervene in East Europe
COMMUNISM END IN EASTERN EUROPE The movement begins in Poland with a group called Solidarity When the USSR does not intervene, the movement spreads to Hungary, Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Romania
FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL
NATIONALISM AS A FORCE FOR CHANGE IN THE USSR The USSR had over 100 different nationalities Under glasnost, national groups began to demand self-government and religious freedoms March Lithuania declares independence Gorbachev orders an economic blockade civilians attacked by Soviet forces
YELTSIN DENOUNCES GORBACHEV Elected Russian president in 1991 Gorbachev still in power (President of the USSR)
THE AUGUST COUP- PLAN TO TAKE OUT GORBACHEV BY THE COMMUNIST HARDLINERS WHO DID NOT LIKE CHANGES IN THE USSR AUGUST The coup fails because Yeltsin and the army side with Gorbachev.
USSR BREAKS UP By early December all 15 republics had declared independence from the USSR Form Commonwealth of Independent states (Baltics and Georgia refused to join) Dec. 25, Gorbachev resigned as president of the USSR
1989- TIANANMEN SQUARE MASSACRE May Students in China began demonstrating for more rights June 4, Chinese government brought in tanks and 300,000 soldiers who fired on the protesters
PANAMA United States invades Panama to remove Manuel Noriega and bring him to trial in the United States
1990- SADDAM HUSSEIN INVADED KUWAIT UN issues sanctions against Iraq When that doesnt work, begin Operation Desert Storm- Jan 16, 1991 Quick and successful- Iraq was pushed out of Kuwait WHO DO YOU THINK WILL WIN THE ELECTION of 1992?
US ENTERS ANOTHER RECESSION Bush tries cutting capital gains taxes to stimulate the economy Capital gains tax would be a tax on the sale of stocks or real estate for profit During the election of Bush stated, read my lips, no new taxes\ He signs a tax increase into law in return for cuts in spending
ELECTION OF 1992 Republican candidate- George Bush Democratic candidate- Bill Clinton (blames Bush for the recession) 3 rd party candidate- Ross Perot WHO DO YOU THINK WON THE ELECTION? WHY?