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U.S. NAVAL FORCES SOUTHERN COMMAND Commander, Fourth Fleet

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1 U.S. NAVAL FORCES SOUTHERN COMMAND Commander, Fourth Fleet
U.S. FOURTH FLEET Presentation to The Association of the United States Navy RADM Victor G. Guillory, United States Navy Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command Commander, Fourth Fleet 1 1

2 America’s Navy: A Global Force For Good
Navy Personnel Active Duty:   329,838   Officers:   51,680   Enlisted:   273,710   Midshipmen:   4,448 Ready Reserve:   103,139   Selected Reserves: 65,791   Individual Ready Reserve: 37,348 Reserves currently mobilized:   6,432 Personnel on deployment:   47,038 Navy Department Civilian Employees:   192,652 Ships and Submarines Deployable Battle Force Ships: 286   Ships Underway (away from homeport): On deployment: 111   Attack submarines underway (away from homeport): 31   On deployment: 20

3 Global Maritime Traffic 90,000+ vessels over 100 Gross tons
Maritime commerce is the life blood of the world’s economy. Maintaining a keen understanding of the activities for over 90,000 vessels greater than 100 tons is a daunting challenge. We refer to this effort, this challenge, as Maritime Domain Awareness or MDA. What you see on this map is a typical day on the world’s oceans. At any moment, there are more than 90,000 vessels underway. Nearly all of them are legitimate, but a few of them are not. That’s what should worry us. Oceans might be the avenues that sustain the world’s economy, but they are also the back alleys for illicit activity—the dark hideaways and havens for criminals. 90,000+ vessels over 100 Gross tons 3 3 3 3

4 NAVSO/4th Fleet Mission
NAVSO/FOURTH FLEET acts in concert with the other U.S. military services, U.S. government agencies, and partner nations to promote peace, stability and prosperity. NAVSO NAVSO is the maritime component commander assigned to SOUTHCOM. NAVSO was originally designed around the core of Commander, South Atlantic Force (COMSOLANT) in the late 1950’s. NAVSO was established as the Maritime Component Commander to SOUTHCOM in 2000 at Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, moving to Mayport, Florida in 2005 Fourth Fleet Originally established in 1943 to protect the U.S. against raiders, blockade runners and enemy submarines and to protect the Panama Canal. Commanded by VADM Jonas Ingram. Operated out of Brazil. Disestablished in 1950 as part of national demobilization. Reestablished in 2008, standardizing the SOUTHCOM AOR with those of other Regional Combatant Commanders. The establishment of FOURTH Fleet last summer had nothing to do with the Latin American political environment or the activities and rhetoric of any Latin leaders. It was simply to standardize the US navy operational command structure in this region—to align it with how we are organized in other parts of the world. Security is a necessary condition for prosperity and lasting democratic institutions. 4 4

5 NAVSO/4th Fleet Priorities
Partnerships to address regional challenges Relationships with partner navies Relationships with non-governmental organizations Developing the capabilities and capacities of our partners for Maritime Domain Awareness Multi-National Interoperability We live in a maritime world with the sea as our common border. We have a collective dependence on maritime trade. Cooperation between navies is important to stability and security. PHOTO: Naval ships from Argentina, Brazil, Spain, Uruguay, and the United States participate in a gunnery exercise during UNITAS Strategic Goals: Enable Security Enhance Stability Enable Partnerships 5 5 5

6 Command Relationships
CNO (Washington DC) JIATF-South (Key West) Foreign Liaison Officers Maritime Liaison Unit Inter-American Naval Telecommunications Network NAVSO’s operational commander is COMUSSOUTHCOM. CNO is at the top of the administrative chain of command. Fleet Forces Command (FFC) is the Budget Submitting Office (BSO) for COMUSNAVSO/COMFOURTHFLT. COMUSNAVSO/COMFOURTHFLT competes for funding and resource allocation with Atlantic Fleet Type Commanders for air, surface and sub-surface assets and forces. We have operational or administrative control over all USN ships, submarines and aircraft in the region. We do not own any ships. Task Forces: CTF-40 – Surface ships CTF-43 – Logistics CTF-46 – Submarine Operations CTF-47 - Aviation DESTROYER SQUADRON 40 has tactical control over our exercise ships and aircraft. Five South American navies have liaison officers serving with us: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador & Peru We host the Inter-American Telecommunications Network with reps from: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico & Uruguay The Maritime Liaison Unit (MARLU) is our link to the commercial shipping industry in the region. We have liaison officers serving at SOUTHCOM and JIATF-South. JTF-GITMO (Cuba) JTF-Bravo (Honduras) 6 6

7 Economic Interdependence
Our Area of Focus In the Headlines… Secretary Gates Visits Latin America to ‘Explore Opportunities for More Cooperation’ Brazil Signs Military Agreement with U.S., a First in Over 30 Years Colombia’s Military Sends Help to Haiti Rio de Janeiro is Awarded 2016 Olympics A Maritime Region 31 Countries and 10 Territories/Protectorates Increasing economic importance Growing prestige We refer to our region as an AOF vice AOR, reflecting the SOUTHCOM emphasis on Phase 0 operations. A Maritime Region—only Bolivia and Paraguay lack coastlines Our AOF does not include Mexico, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands. There exists a seam in responsibilities in this geographic arrangement and that is the Florida Straits. In the event of a mass migration from Cuba or Haiti, the movement would cross from SOUTHCOM to NORTHCOM with repatriation taking the migrants back to the SOUTHCOM region. If such an event occurs, both SOUTHCOM and NORTHCOM would take on supporting roles to Homeland Defense Task Force Southeast, headquartered at USCG District 7 in Miami. Shared Values Economic Interdependence Panama Canal 7

8 Political/Economic Linkages
Shared Values Democracy Human rights Cultural Links Economic Interdependence Latin America is our fastest growing trading partner We are the largest trading partner of most nations in the AOR Remittances from the US are a major part of AOR economies ($42B in 2008) Panama Canal Vital to regional maritime trade World-wide economic significance The U.S. is one of the largest Hispanic nations. The region is economically interdependent with eight free trade agreements either in effect or awaiting ratification. The US is the largest trading partner of nearly every country in the region. Remittances from the US are a major part of many economies in the region. Two-thirds of ships transiting the Panama Canal are either going to or departing from US ports. Photo: Merchant vessels in the Panama Canal 8 8 8 8 8

9 Security Challenges Demand for drugs fuels a massive narco-industry
Crime/urban gangs threaten to destabilize governments Human traffickers operate without regard for sovereignty Poor nations vulnerable to natural disasters Mass migration is never more than a disaster away We aren’t talking about militaries massed on borders, poised to invade their neighbors. These threats aren’t purely military or conventional. They are transnational threats that cross borders and affect all of us in the region. Their solutions require interagency cooperation and working closely with partner nations. They are not readily solved through military means. Photos: Narco-plane bust in Central America Hurricane Felix lashes the Caribbean in 2007 Regional challenges require cooperative solutions and lasting partnerships 9 9 9 9 9

10 NAVSO/FOURTH Fleet Activities
U.S. Naval Ac NAVSO/FOURTH Fleet Activities Solutions to regional problems require international cooperation and mutual maritime security. 10 10 10

11 Counter Illicit Trafficking
Partnered with Joint Interagency Task Force-South, the U.S. Coast Guard & Regional Nations Operating Ships, Aircraft & Submarines Cooperative Security Location in El Salvador 2008 Maritime Tracks 2008 Air Tracks What used to be called Counter-Drug operations, then Counter Narco-Terrorism is now called Counter Illicit Trafficking, the point being that it is not just drugs that are being trafficked, but migrants and arms, as well. On any given day, we are operating three or four ships in the region as well as patrol planes and helicopters. Submarines are employed, as well. I can’t stress enough the importance of partnerships in this mission. It is a multi-agency, multi-national effort. Joint Interagency Task Force South in Key West has tactical control of all CIT assets, including USN, US Coast Guard and partner nation vessels. Tactical control is shifted to the USCG for the boarding, search and seizure phase of the operation. Embarked on board our ships are USCG law enforcement detachments for the boardings and searches of suspect vessels. These personnel possess skills and legal authorities specific to the counter drug mission. Photo: Self-Propelled, Semi-Submersible (SSPS) narco-trafficking vessel An adaptive & sinister threat 11 11 11 11

12 Mil-to-Mil Cooperation
Exercises UNITAS PANAMAX Theater Security Cooperation International Military Education & Training Inter-American Naval Commanders’ Conference International Seapower Symposium Although forces can surge when necessary to respond to crises, trust and cooperation cannot be surged. 12 12

13 Humanitarian & Civic Assistance
Continuing Promise Hospital Ship COMFORT Amphibious Ships Persistent Presence A demonstration of US commitment to the region In 2007, CNO, the Commandant of the USMC, and the Commandant of the USCG signed the Global Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century. In this strategy, preventing wars is deemed as important as winning them. This strategy is central our efforts at NAVSO/C4F In 2007, the USNS COMFORT performed a groundbreaking mission to Latin America, providing humanitarian and civil affairs assistance. Continuing Promise follows up on that historic mission by maintaining a US maritime presence in the region with the same objective. The Continuing Promise mission will run each year, alternating the services of a hospital ship with that of a large amphibious assault ship. This is more than just a Navy effort. Medical personnel from other military services and government agencies as well as from NGOs and other countries participate in the mission. Photos: USNS COMFORT moored in Manta, Ecuador 2007 USS KEARSARGE 2008 13 13 13

14 Disaster Response Our region is prone to hurricanes & earthquakes
Suffering is reduced when nations and navies work together Response dependent upon presence Close cooperation with Partner Nations, US agencies, & NGOs No single nation possesses the resources to meet all the emergent needs in our region. The history of our region has shown that human suffering is reduced when nations and navies work together. Presence is vital. In 2008, KEARSARGE was performing her Continuing Promise mission in Colombia when Haiti was lashed by a series of tropical storms. KEARSARGE was tasked to respond. She suspended her ops in Colombia and within two days was saving lives in Haiti. Just a few weeks ago, USS HIGGINS, on her way to the West Coast, was one of the first ships on the scene after the devastating earthquake in Haiti. Photo: USN medical personnel tend to earthquake victims, Haiti 2010 Disasters can be planned for, but not predicted, making the most effective response a cooperative effort between nations and navies. 14

15 The Modified Mercalli (MMI) Intensity Scale*
EARTHQUAKE INTENSITY The Modified Mercalli (MMI) Intensity Scale* NORTHWEST 45,862 NORTH 13,531 NORTHEAST 8,500 ARTIBONITE 162,509 H A I T I E A R T H Q U A K E 230,000 killed 196,595 injured 1,200,000 to 1,290,000 displaced 3,000,000 affected CENTER 90,997 GRESSIER* 40-50% destroyed Population: 25,947 CARREFOUR* 40-50% destroyed Population: 373,916 PORT–AU–PRINCE* 30-40% destroyed Population: 2,000,000 *All figures are approximate. Commune population figures are as of 2003. SOURCES: OCHA/GoH What happened: On 12 Jan 2010, at 04:53:09 PM, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti, 15 miles WSW of Port-au-Prince, at a depth of 8.1 miles. Resulted in: 230,000 killed 196,595 injured 1,200,000 to 1,290,000 displaced 3,000,000 affected Damage was severe: As high as 80-90% of structures were destroyed in some areas (Leogâne , for instance). This damage and loss of life exacerbated by inconsistent construction standards and the population density in affected areas. Internal Population Migration: Many of the Haitian people who were displaced from their homes relocated internally within Haiti. This led to the eventual creation of in excess of 400 IDP camps. GRANDE ANSE 119,871 NIPPES 33,351 DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Unconfirmed Numbers WEST 35,253 PETIT GOAVE* 15% destroyed Population: 117,504 SOUTH 88,533 POPULATION MOVEMENT* Source: OCHA * Population movements indicated include only individuals utilizing GoH provided transportation and do not include people leaving Port-au-Prince utilizing private means of transport. LÉOGÂNE* 80-90% destroyed Population: 134,190 JACMEL* 50-60% destroyed Commune population: 137,966 15 15 15

16 Navy’s Initial Response
12 Jan – 7.0 Earthquake Strikes Haiti 13 Jan – First P-3 mission flown over Haiti 14 Jan – HIGGINS arrives off Port au Prince 15 Jan – CARL VINSON arrives 16 Jan – NORMANDY arrives 17 Jan – UNDERWOOD and GRASP arrives 19 Jan – BATAAN with 22 MEU arrives 20 Jan – COMFORT arrives “The first ship, the first asset to be in Haiti was a surface ship…” Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, Jan. 20, 2010

17 Operation Unified Response
USNS HENSON (T-AGS) USNS JACK LUMMUS (T-AK) SACAGAWEA (T-AKE) NASSAU ARG with 24 MEU: NASSAU (LHD) MESA VERDE (LPD) ASHLAND (LSD) CAPE MAY (T-AKR) USNS PFC DEWAYNE WILLIAMS (T-AK) HUAKAI (MV) USNS BIG HORN (T-AO) CORNHUSKER STATE (T-ACS) LEWIS AND CLARK (T-AKE) GITMO Joint Logistics Hub (CTF 48) P-3s E-2s Predators VINSON (CVN) USNS COMFORT (T-AH) NORMANDY (CG) BUNKER HILL (CG) HIGGINS (DDG) UNDERWOOD (FFG) USNS GRASP (T-ARS) Initial Response Timeline Jan 12th A 7.0 Earthquake strikes Haiti COMUSNAVSO convenes Crisis Action Planning Team. CARL VINSON/HIGGINS redirected to Haiti. Jan 13th First P-3 mission flown over Haiti. GRASP, NORMANDY, UNDERWOOD, and BUNKER HILL redirected to Haiti. COMFORT directed to get underway to Haiti. 22 MEU/BATAAN ARG (BATAAN/FORT MCHENRY/CARTER HALL/GUNSTON HALL) directed to get underway to Haiti. Jan 14th HIGGINS on station off Port au Prince. CARL VINSON/UNDERWOOD/NORMANDY/GRASP/BUNKER HILL enroute Haiti. BATAAN ARG sets sail for Morehead City. Jan 15th HIGGINS and CARL VINSON on station. UNDERWOOD, NORMANDY and GRASP enroute Haiti. BATAAN ARG arrives in Morehead City. 22 MEU embarked/BATAAN ARG enroute Haiti. Jan 16th NORMANDY on station. UNDERWOOD and GRASP enroute Haiti. COMFORT underway, enroute Haiti. Jan 17th UNDERWOOD and GRASP on station. Civil Affairs Security Logistic Support Seabee Units Combat Camera, Navy Divers Engineers BATAAN ARG with 22 MEU: BATAAN (LHD) FORT MCHENRY (LSD) CARTER HALL (LSD) GUNSTON HALL (LSD) JTF PO (CTF 42) The Largest U.S. Navy Humanitarian Assistance Mission in History: 14,000 Sailors, 23 Ships, 89 Aircraft 17 21 Helos on board Vinson: H-60s & H-53s Flew on board from Norfolk and Jax (2 H-53s self-deployed to Gitmo, but remained shore-based

18 MEDICAL NUMBERS AT A GLANCE The Face of Our National Response
USNS COMFORT MEDICAL NUMBERS AT A GLANCE 1,019 MEDICAL PERSONNEL 101 PARTICIPATING NGOs 9,758 PATIENTS TREATED 1,025 TOTAL SURGERIES The Face of Our National Response 18 18 18

19 Public/Private Cooperation
Assisted business/NGO partners to bolster relief efforts 100 nations and 500 NGOs contributed to relief efforts in Haiti and continue to help Haitians in the recovery efforts. $36.2 million worth of supplies (medical, water, food, engineering equipment) Transportation: $1.8 million pro bono private sector flights and services Medical Supplies and Services: > $30 million value Partnered with leading medical schools and hospitals 83 Creole translators on USNS Comfort 101 NGO medical professionals on USNS Comfort Water: $2.8 million in bottled water Equipment & General Supplies: $1.5 million construction equipment One Donors Response: Project Handclasp 233 pallets high-nutrition meals 34 pallets water filters 110 pallets hygiene/medical 100 stuffed animals Notes: Still an ongoing mission in Haiti, the numbers here serve to highlight the scope of the operation to date. Highlights the interagency collaboration and the magnitude of logistical coordination. The tremendous coordination between NGOs, USAID and our international partners make it possible to mitigate future problems and identify additional needs. 19

20 Progress Forward 800,000 children and adults vaccinated
Emergency shelter for 1.17 M people 6,000 latrines and 4,500 portable toilets 510,000 Haitians received hygiene kits Engineering assessments of 25,522 structures

21 Key Takeaways Unity · Stability · Security
Our hemisphere is a maritime region Flexibility to respond to natural disasters specific to this region A stable and secure Latin America is vital Interagency collaboration and strong international partnerships are critical Photo: Guided-missile destroyer USS Mitscher (DDG 57) moves into position forward of multipurpose amphibious assault ship USS Wasp (LHD 1) during a photo exercise off the coast of Panama during PANAMAX 2007. Unity · Stability · Security

22 Questions? If the topic of Venezuela comes up, below are statements from ADM Stavridis’ testimony to Congress during the past two years: On military-to-military relations with Venezuela (Apr 2008): “Historically, the United States and Venezuela have had very close relations. And, it is unfortunate that, at the moment, we do not enjoy that at a government-to-government level. And, at a military-to- military level, Senator, we have no relationship unfortunately. We have tried to reach out to the Venezuelan military. We`ve invited them to conferences. We want to have some level of understanding and dialogue with them, but they have rejected that. They have also – ‘they,’ the government of Venezuela, has not been cooperative in the narcotics fight, and we are very concerned about trans-shipment of cocaine through Venezuela.” On Venezuela’s military buildup ( Apr 2008): “I am concerned about it. It seems like a high level of weapons purchases… 25 high-performance aircraft, 50 new attack helicopters, over 100,000 AK-103 – very advanced – automatic rifles, military transports, diesel submarines – a very advanced technology. I, personally, have difficulty understanding why that level of weapons would be needed by the Venezuelan state, because as we’ve just seen, this is a region that is not prone to going to war, but has the capacity to solve, peacefully, disputes. “ Does Venezuela pose a threat to the United States? (Apr 2009) “I do not believe that Venezuela poses a national security threat to the United States.” Will recent economic troubles limit Venezuela’s ability to project power in the region (Apr 2009): “As always, when I discuss Venezuela I like to begin by pointing out that the United States has enjoyed a long, positive relationship with Venezuela stretching back 150 years. Clearly, we have some political differences right now. We do have correct, professional military-to-military relations with the Venezuelan military. My assessment is, like any other nation that sees a reduction in its revenues, there will be effects in the ability of the Venezuelan military to not only continue the high level of arms purchases… I think the ability to consummate all of that and then to maintain and train and equip these very expensive systems would be diminished significantly with the loss of oil revenues.” 22 22


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