Presentation on theme: "Mario Alejandro Aguirre Hernández"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mario Alejandro Aguirre Hernández PHRASAL VERBSAutor:Mario Alejandro Aguirre Hernández
2 Phrasal verbsThey are idiomatic expressions, combining verbs and prepositions to make new verbs whose meaning is often not obvious from the dictionary definitions of the individual words. They are widely used in both written and spoken English, and new ones are formed all the time as they are a flexible way of creating new terms.
3 Definition:A phrasal verb consists of a verb and a preposition or adverb that modifies or changes the meaning; 'give up' is a phrasal verb that means 'stop doing' something, which is very different from 'give'. The word or words that modify a verb in this manner can also go under the name particle.
4 Types of Phrasal Verbs Intransitive: Transitive:: Transitive-separable Transitive-inseparable
5 Intransitive It cannot be followed by an object. ExampleShe suddenly went back.(“ went back " cannot take an object)For a a list of Intransitive Phrasal Verbs click inB-CD-GH-ST-W
6 Transitive I made up the story. (“story" is the object of "make up“) A transitive verb can be followed by an object..ExampleI made up the story. (“story" is the object of "make up“)* Transitive Phrasal Verbs are divided in 2: Separable and Inseparable
7 Transitive-separable: The object is placed between the verb and the preposition.ExampleCan you pick me up at 7 p.m.For a list of Separable Phrasal Verbs click inA-BC-EF-MP-ST-W
8 Phrasal VerbMeaningBack downRetreat from a position in an argumentBack outDesert; fail to keep a promiseBack upMove backwardsBear upEndureBlow inDrop in to visit unexpectedlyBlow overPass without doing harmBlow upExplode; lose one's temperCall upTelephoneCalm downBecome calmCarry oncontinue as before; misbehaveCatch onUnderstandCatch upCover the distance between oneself and a moving goalCheck upInvestigateCheck outLeave; pay one's billCheer upBecome cheerfulClear outLeaveClear upBecome clearClose downClose permanentlyClose upClose temporarilyCame aboutHappenCome alongAccompany; make progressCome backReturnCome byVisit someone in his homeCome outAppear; make a social debutCome overCome to someone's house, to where someone isCome throughSucceedCome toRegain consciousnessCut inInterrupt
9 Phrasal VerbMeaningDie awayFade; diminishDie downDie off/outDisappear; become extinctDress upDon fancy or unusual clothesDrive backReturn by carDrop inVisit someone casually without planningDrop outAbandon some organized activity; leave; quitDrop overVisit someone casuallyFall behindNot progress at required paceFall offDecrease; lose weightFall throughFail; not be accomplishedFill inSubstituteFind outLearnFly backReturn by airFly overFly to where someone isGet aheadMake progressGet alongHave a friendly relationshipGet aroundCirculate; move aboutGet awayEscapeGet byManage; either just barely or with a minimum of effortGet inEnterGet offDescend from leaveGet onEnter (a vehicle); mount (a horse)Get on/alongProgress; be compatibleGet upRiseGet throughFinishGive outBecome exhaustedGive upSurrender; fail to finishGo backReturnGo offExplodeGo onHappen; continueGo outStop burning; leave one's residenceGo overGo; succeedGrow upMature
10 Phrasal VerbMeaningHang aroundRemain idly; dawdleHang upReplace a telephone receive on its hookHold onGrasp tightly; persevere; wait while telephoningHold outContinue to resist; persevere; persistKeep onContinueKeep upMaintain the required pace or standard; continueLet upDiminish in intensityLie downReclineLook onBe a spectatorMake outProgress; succeedMake upBecome reconciledMove overMove to the sidePan outTurn out well; be successfulPass outBecome unconsciousPass onDiePick upGrow; increasePull inArrivePull outDeportPull throughSurvive (barely)Ride overRide to where someone isRun awayEscape; leave; leave quickly without permissionRun downSlowly lose power so as to stop functioningRun offDepart running; drainSell outSell the ownership or responsibilitySettle upPay one's bills or debtsShow offBoast by words or actionsShow upArrive; appear unexpectedlyShut upStop talkingSlow upReduce speedStand byWait; be prepared to assistStand upStand; rise from sitting; last; endureStay overRemain at someone's house overnight or longer
11 Phrasal VerbMeaningTake offLeave the groundTake overAssume commandTalk backAnswer impolitelyThrow upVomitTurn aroundTurn so that one is facing another directionTurn inGo to bedTurn outSucceed; come; appear, as at a public meetingTurn upArrive; be found unexpectedlyWait upRemain awake in anticipationWake upAwakenWalk backReturn on foot to where one wasWalk overWalk to where someone isWash outFade or disappear from washingWatch outBe carefulWear offFade; disappear through use or timeWear outBecome unusable through use; become used upWork outBe successful
12 Phrasal verbMeaningAdd upAddBack upCause to move backwards; support; blow up; cause to explode; destroy by explosivesBreak downAnalyze; list the parts of separatelyBreak intogo into a house or room forcibly; suddenly; begin; bring about -cause to happenBring offAccomplishBring onCauseBring outPublish; emphasizeBring overBringBring toReviveBring upRaise; care for from childhoodBrush outBrush the inside ofBurn downDestroy by burningBurn upConsume by fireBuy outBy the other person's share of a businessBuy upBuy the whole supply of
13 Phrasal verbMeaningCall offCancel; order awayCall upTelephone; summon for military serviceCalm downBecome calmCarry oncontinueCarry outFulfill; complete; accomplish; performCarry overCarry; continue at another time or placeCheer upCause to become cheerfulChew upChew thoroughlyChop upChop into small piecesClean offClean the surface ofClean outClean the inside ofClean upClarify; tidyClear outClear the surface ofClear upClear the inside ofClose downClose permanentlyClose upClose temporarilyCount inIncludeCount outExcludeCount upCalculate; count; add to a totalCross outEliminateCut offInterrupt; sever; amputateCut outEliminate; deleteCut downReduce in quantityDraw upWrite; compose (a document)Dress upPut clothes on; adornDust outDust the inside ofEat upEat completely
14 Phrasal verbMeaningFigure outInterpret; understandFigure upComputeFill inComplete (a printed form)Fill outFill upFill completely (a container)Find outDiscoverFix upRepair; arrange in a suitable mannerGet acrossCause to be understoodGive backReturnGive outDistribute; announceGive upSurrender somethingHand downDeliver; pronounce formally; leave as an inheritanceHand overYield control ofHang upSuspendHave onBe dressed inHave overEntertain someone informally at one's homeHold offDelay; restrainHold upDelay; rob; threaten with a weaponKeep upContinue; keep the same paceLeave outOmitLet downDisappointLet outRelease from confinement; make larger (in sewing)Light upLight; illuminate thoroughlyLive downLive in such a way as to cause something to be forgottenMake overRemakeMove overMove to the side
15 Phrasal verbMeaningPass outDistributePass upNot take advantage of (as an opportunity)Pass onTransmitPay backRepayPay offDischarge a debt completely; give someone his final payPick upCome to meet an escort; lift with hands or fingers; learn casually;initiate an association publiclyPlay downMinimizePlay upEmphasizePoint outIndicatePull downPull in a downward direction; razePush acrossCause to be understood or acceptedPut offPostponePut onDress in; deceive or foolPut upPreserve (food); receive as an overnight guestQuiet downBe quietRing upThe telephoneRinse offRinse the surface ofRinse outRinse the inside ofRule outEliminateRun downTrace; disparage; hit with a vehicleRun offCause to depart; reproduce mechanicallySave upAccumulateSee throughComplete; in spite of difficultiesSee offAccompany someone to the beginning of a tripSend backSend to a place where formerly locatedSend overSend to where someone isSet upArrangeShow offExhibit ostentatiouslyShut offCause to cease functioningSlow upCause to move more slowlySpell outEnumerate; state in detailStand upFail to keep an appointment withSweep outSweep the inside of
16 Phrasal verbMeaningTake backReturn; retract a statementTake downRemove from a high position; write from dictationTake inUnderstood; fool; deceive; make smaller (in sewing)Take overTake; assume command ofTear downDestroyTear upTear into small piecesTell offScold; reprimandThink overConsiderThink throughConsider from beginning to endThink upCreate; inventThrow awayDiscardThrow overRejectTie upTie securely or tightTire outCause to be exhaustedTouch upRepairTry onPut on a garment to verify the fitTry outTestTurn downRefuse; lower the volumeTurn outProduce; force into exile, extinguish (a light)Wash offWash the surface ofWash outWash the inside ofWear outUse until no longer usable; tire greatlyWind upFinish, tighten the spring of a watch or machineWipe offWipe the surface ofWipe outWipe the inside of; decimateWork outSolveWrite downRecordWrite outWrite down every detail; spell outWrite upCompose; prepare (a document)
17 Phrasal verbMeaningBack out ofDesert; fail to keep a promiseBear down onLean on; browbeatBear onHave to do withBear up underEndureBreak in onInterruptBreak intoCall forCome to get; requireCare forLike; guard; supervise; maintainCarry on withContinueCatch up withCover the distance between oneself andCheck up onExamine; verifyCome acrossFind accidentallyCome along withAccompany; make progressCome byCome down withBecome ill withCome out withUtter; produceCome up withCount onRely onCut in onDisagree withCause illness or discomfort toDo away withAbolishDo withoutDeprive oneself ofDrop in at/onVisit casually without planningDrop out ofLeave; quit
18 Phrasal verbMeaningFace up toAcknowledgeFall behind inLag; not progress at required paceFall back onUse for emergency purposeFall out withQuarrel withFill in forSubstitute forGet ahead ofSurpass; beatGet aroundEvade; avoidGet away withDo without being caught or punishedGet by withManage with a minimum of effortGet down toBecome serious about; considerGet inEnter (a vehicle)Get offDescend from; leaveGet onEnter (a vehicle); mountGet on withProceed withGet through withTerminate, finishGo back onDesert; fail to keep (a promise)Go forLike a great dealGo in forBe interested in; participate inGo on withContinueGo overReviewGo withHarmonize with; look pleasing togetherGo withoutAbstain fromHang aroundRemain idly in the vicinity ofHear fromReceive a communication fromHear ofLearn about (sometimes accidentally)Hit onDiscover accidentallyHold on toGrasp tightlyHold out againstResist
19 Phrasal verbMeaningKeep atPersevere atKeep toPersist in; continueKeep up withMaintain the pace ofLie down onEvade; fail to doLive onSupport or sustain oneself by means ofLive up toMaintain the standard demanded ofLook afterTake care ofLook back onRemember nostalgicallyLook down onFeel superior toLook forward toAnticipateLook up toRespect; admireMake up forCompensate forPass onTransmitPick onTease; bullyPlay up toFlatter for personal advantagePut up withTolerateRead up onSearch out information onRun againstCompete against in an electionRun away withLeave; escape fromRun forCampaign forSee aboutConsider; arrangeSee toArrange; superviseSettle onDecide on; chooseStand forRepresent; permitStand up forSupport; demandStand up toResistStick toPersistStick up forSupport; defendTake afterResembleTalk back toAnswer impolitelyTalk overDiscussTell onReport misbehavior to authorityTouch onMention brieflyTurn intoBecomeWait onServeWait up forNot go to bed while waiting forWatch out forBe careful for
20 Transitive-inseparable: The object is placed after the preposition.ExampleI'm not getting in there.For a list of Inseparable Phrasal Verbs click inB-DF-HK-WSalir
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.