7EXCEPTIONS TO OFFSETTING FOULS “Clean Hands” ProvisionPostscrimmage Kick EnforcementTry, After Team B PossessionExtra Periods, After Team B Possession
8EXAMPLE: EXCEPTIONA22 and A39 In Motion At The Snap. B55 Intercepts a Forward Pass.B63 Clips on the Return.
9EXAMPLE: EXCEPTIONRULING: “Clean Hands”: B May Decline Offsetting Fouls to Retain Possession Following Completion of the Clipping Penalty.
10EXAMPLE: EXCEPTIONAt the Snap, Team A Has Only 6 On The Line and B76 is In the Neutral Zone. B34 Recovers A22’s Fumble.B47 Clips on the Return.
11EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION RULING: Offsetting Fouls. No Option. Team B Was Not “Clean.”
12EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION B23 Intercepts a Pass. B76 Clips On the Return .A45 Tackles B23 by Twisting His Face Mask.
13EXAMPLE: EXCEPTIONRULING: Team B May Decline Offsetting Fouls and Retain the Ball After the Penalty for B76’s Foul Is Completed.Note: Timing of A45’s Foul Does Not Matter.
14EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION B23 Intercepts a Pass. B76 Clips On the Return.A45 Tackles B23 by Twisting His Face Mask.Time in the First Half Expires on the Play.
15EXAMPLE: EXCEPTIONRULING: Team B May Decline Offsetting Fouls to Retain the Ball.However, Team A Will Decline the Penalty for B76’s Foul, Ending the Half.
16“3-and-1” PRINCIPLE Applies ONLY When No Enforcement Spot Is Specified in a Rule Penalty“BASIC SPOT”--Key Words in Penalty Statement
17BASIC SPOT AND ENFORCEMENT SPOT Benchmark for Application of “3-and-1” Principle--Depends on Type of PlayENFORCEMENT SPOTSpot From Which a Penalty Is EnforcedSee 10-2 and 2-25
18PENALTY ENFORCEMENT The 3-and-1 Principle Asks: Where Is the BASIC SPOT?Where Is the FOUL in Relation to the Basic Spot?
19ENFORCEMENT SPOTS Previous Spot End of the Run Spot of the Foul BASIC SPOTSPrevious SpotEnd of the RunSpot of the FoulSpecial Cases:Succeeding Spot: Dead-Ball FoulsEnd of the Kick: Postscrimmage Kick
20BASIC SPOTS END OF THE RELATED RUN Running Plays When Run Ends Beyond NZRunning Plays When There Is No NZ
21BASIC SPOTS PREVIOUS SPOT Running Plays When Run Ends Behind Neutral ZoneForward Pass PlaysKick Plays (Except When PSK Applies)
22DIAGRAM For “3-and-1” FOUL BY TEAM In Possession Not In Possession BASIC SPOT*Penalize From Basic SpotBeyond Basic Spot*Beyond Basic Spot*Behind Basic SpotBehind Basic Spot*
23EXAMPLE: “3-and-1” 2nd and 7 at B-36. A25 is Tackled at B-45. During the Run A89 Blocks in the Back at B-30.RULING: 10-Yard Penalty From B-36, the Previous Spot, Which Is the Basic Spot.
24EXAMPLE: “3-and-1”A’s Runner Is Tackled Behind the NZ. During the Play B36 Slugs A29 Eight Yards Downfield.RULING: Basic Spot Is Previous Spot. 15-Yard Penalty From the Previous Spot.Automatic First Down. B36 Ejected.
25EXAMPLE: “3-and-1” A25 Gains Ten Yards to the B-25. A65 Clips at the B-30.RULING: 15-Yard Penalty From the Spot of the Foul (B-30).
26“From Where It Hurts Most” The “3-and-1” PRINCIPLE“3-and-1” Does NOT Mean“From Where It Hurts Most”
27“Worst” Spot? Spot of Foul. EXAMPLE: “3-and-1”A12 Is Tackled for a 3-Yard Loss. During the Play, B35 Twists A40’s Facemask 10 Yards Beyond the Neutral Zone.RULING: 15-yard Penalty Against Team B, Enforced From PREVIOUS SPOT (the Basic Spot).“Worst” Spot? Spot of Foul.
28POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT Applies ONLY to Fouls by Team B:Three or More Yards Beyond NZDuring Scrimmage Kick PlayNot on a TryNot in Extra PeriodNot On Successful Field GoalKick Crosses NZTeam A Does Not Have Legal Possession When The Ball Is Declared Dead
29POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT If These Conditions Are Satisfied:END OF KICK (or B-20) is Basic SpotApply “3-and-1” Principle
30POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT Punt Receiver Catches Kick at the B-16 and Returns It to the B-48. During the Kick B62 Clips at the B-35.RULING: Basic Spot Is End of the Kick. Penalize From the B-16. Team B’s Ball, 1st Down at the B-8.
31POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT B27 Downs a Punt in His End Zone. During the Kick B57 Blocks Below the Waist (a) the B-10 (b) at the B-32.RULING: Basic Spot Is the B-20 (End of the Kick).(a) Half the Distance to the B-5(b) Half the Distance to the B-10
32POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT During The Punt, B66 Fouls 10 Yards Beyond The Neutral Zone. B24 Returns The Punt To The A-5 And Fumbles. The Ball Strikes The Goal-line Pylon.RULING: PSK Applies. End Of Kick Is The Basic Spot. Enforce Penalty Accordingly.
33Foul by Defense During Touchdown Play: FOULS ON SCORING PLAYSFoul by Defense During Touchdown Play:Penalties for PERSONAL FOULS Enforced on Try OR Kickoff. Do NOT Carry Over in Extra Period.Penalties For ALL OTHER FOULS Do Not Carry Over. Usually They Are DECLINED BY RULE. (Exception: When Illegal Touching Enables Enforcement)
34EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAYA89 Catches a Legal Forward Pass for a TD. (a) B79 Offside. (b) B63 Roughs the Passer. (c) B26 Commits DPI.RULING: (a) Penalty Declined By Rule. TD Counts.(b) TD Counts. Penalty Enforced on Try or Kickoff.(c) Penalty Declined By Rule. TD Counts
35EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAYA19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Fumbles. B64 CLIPS During B29’s Run. A47 Returns the Fumble (a) for a TD (b) to the B-5.RULING: (a) TD Counts; Penalty on Try or Kickoff.(b) B’s Ball, Either After the Clipping Penalty or at the Illegal Touching Spot.
36EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAYA19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Fumbles. B64 HOLDS During B29’s Run. A47 Returns the Fumble for an Apparent TD.RULING: Penalty Can Be Enforced Due To the Illegal Touching. Ball Belongs To B Either After the Penalty Or At the IT Spot. AR VII
37EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAYA19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Fumbles. A47 Returns the Fumble for an Apparent TD. B64 HOLDS During A47’s Run.RULING: Penalty Declined By Rule. Team B’s Ball at IT Spot.AR V
38FOULS ON SCORING PLAYUnsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls During or After TD Play:Penalty Enforced on Try or on Kickoff(On Try in Extra Period)
39EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAYA24 Taunts His Opponents As He Scores a Touchdown.RULING: TD Counts. 15-Yard Penalty Enforced Either on the Try or the Kickoff.(In Extra Period, the Penalty Is Enforced on the Try.)
40FOULS AFTER SCORING PLAY Personal Foul Committed Between Touchdown and Try:Penalty Enforced on Try or Kickoff(On Try in Extra Period)
41PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY Successful Try, Foul by Team B:A May Decline Penalty; OR Accept and Go for 2 Points.HOWEVERPersonal Foul: Accepted Penalty Carried Over to KO or Extra Period.
42PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY No Change of PossessionOffsetting Fouls: Repeat TryLoss-of-Down: Try is Over. No Penalty. No Score.Kick-Catch Interference: Penalty Declined by Rule
43PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY Change of PossessionEither Team (Not Both) Fouls After Change of Possession:Penalty Declined By Rule—No Carry-Over[EXC: Flagrant Personal Foul or LBF Treated as DBF: Penalty Carries Over]
44PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY Change of PossessionBoth Teams Foul and Team B Fouled Before Change of Possession:Fouls Offset--Down is ReplayedBoth Teams Foul, and Team B Did NOT Foul Before Getting Possession:Fouls Cancel, No Replay. Exception to Does Not Apply.
45EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY A46 Illegally in Motion and B76 Offside. B34 Intercepts Pass and Is Tackled.RULING: Fouls Offset. Repeat Try.
46EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY A46 Illegally in Motion. B56 Intercepts Pass and B21 Clips on the Return.RULING: Fouls Cancel. No Replay. Try Is Over. (No “Clean Hands” Option for B.)
47EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY Try Kick Is Good. Team B Is Offside.RULING: Team A May Decline Penalty, or Accept Penalty and Go for 2 Points. Penalty DOES NOT Carry Over.
48EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY Try Kick Is Good. B79 Commits a Personal Foul During The Down.RULING: Team A May Decline and Keep 1 Point; orAccept and Go for 2; orKeep 1 Point and Have Penalty Enforced on KO or in Extra Period.
49EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY B65 Is Offside at Snap. B23 Intercepts Pass and Scores. A45 Fouls on the Return.RULING: Fouls Offset. Replay The Down. No Score.
50EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY B21 Intercepts a Pass and is Tackled at the B-35. During the Run, B64 Clips in Team B’s End Zone.RULING: Penalty Declined By Rule. Try is Over. NOT a Safety.
51Dead Ball Foul Following Try: FOUL AFTER THE TRYException to 8-3-5Dead Ball Foul Following Try:If Try Is Replayed, DBF Penalty Enforced on Replay.If Try Is Not Replayed, DBF Penalty Enforced on Kickoff or in Extra Period
52EXAMPLE: FOUL AFTER THE TRY Try Attempt Is Unsuccessful. After the Play A60 Commits a Personal Foul. (a) B79 Was in the Neutral Zone at the Snap. (b) No Live-Ball Fouls Occurred.RULING: (a) Both Penalties Enforced. Try Replayed From 16-and-One-Half Yardline. (B) No Replay. 15-Yard Penalty Against Team A on Kickoff or in Extra Period.
53EXAMPLE: FOUL AFTER THE TRY Team A Scores Two Points on the Try. After The Play A60 Commits a Personal Foul. B79 Was in the Neutral Zone at the Snap.RULING: Team A Will Decline the Offside Penalty. DBF Penalty Carries Over; Team A Penalized 15 Yards on Kickoff or in Extra Period.
54SUMMARY: PENALTIES CARRIED OVER Penalties Carry Over to Try or KO ONLY:Personal Foul by Non-Scoring Team on a TouchdownDBF Between TD and TryPenalties for Other Fouls Do Not Carry Over
55SUMMARY: PENALTIES CARRIED OVER Penalties Carry Over to KO or XP:During Try: Personal Foul by Team BDBF Field Goal ScoreDBF After the Try (To Kickoff, if Try is Not Replayed)