Presentation on theme: "National Policy on Solid Waste (Brazil)"— Presentation transcript:
1 National Policy on Solid Waste (Brazil) International Dialogue on Environmentally Sound Management of E-waste7-8 May/ San SalvadorNational Policyon Solid Waste (Brazil)
2 Center for Information Technology Renato Archer Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation – MCTICenter for Information Technology Renato Archer – CTICampinas – SP - Brazil
3 National Policy on Solid Waste Policy objectiveIt´s a set of principles, objectives, instruments, guidelines, goals and actionsTo facilitate the integrated and environmentally sound management of solid wasteFederal Law n° /August (NPSW)Federal Decree n° 7.404/December 2010 (Logistics Reverse System)
4 National Policy on Solid Waste Policy timelineState plan for solid wasteMunicipality plan for solid wasteSectoral logistics reverse agreementEliminate the dumpsReverse LogisticBeginning of the law discussionsAugust/2012Approval of the solid waste lawAugust/20141st Quarter201319912010201220132014
5 National Policy on Solid Waste Policy pillarsShared responsibilityReverse logisticsSectoral agreementsInclusion of collectors
6 National Policy on Solid Waste Appropriate final disposal in landfill Policy prioritiesTreatmentNo generationReuseAppropriate final disposal in landfillReductionRecyclingHigher priorityLower priority
7 National Policy on Solid Waste electrical and electronic Dangerous productstiresbatteriesagrochemicalselectrical and electronicequipmentslampslubricating oils
8 Shared Responsibility Main objectiveIt’s a set of individualized and interconnected assignmentsof manufacturers, importers,distributors and traders, consumers andholders of urban cleaning public services on solid waste management (municipalities)to minimize the volume of solid waste, as well as, to reduce the impacts resulting from the product life cycle to the human health and environmental quality
9 It´s a instrument of economic and social development Reverse Logistic Systems (decree n° 7404/2010)Main objectiveIt´s a instrument of economicand social developmentcharacterized by a set ofactions, procedures and meansto facilitate the collection and recovery of solid waste to the manufactures, for reuse in your cycle or other production cycles, or other environmentally sound disposal.
10 Reverse Logistic Systems (decree n° 7404/2010) Legal instrumentsArt. 15. The reverse logistics systems will be implemented and operationalized by one of the following legal instruments:Sectoral AgreementsExecutive DecreesTerms of commitment
11 It´s a formal contract to be signed by Sectoral Agreement (decree n° 7404/2010)Main objectiveIt´s a formal contract to be signed byGovernment and sectoral of manufacturers, importers, distributors or tradersto implement the shared responsibility for the products life cycleRiquirements: I - products definition, II- life cycle and logistics, III- operational steps, IV- participation of collectors, V- participation of municipalities, VI- participation of consumerss, VII- comunication strategiy VIII- quantitative and regional goals, IX- financial... etc.
12 Sectoral Agreement (decree n° 7404/2010) Agreement strategyGTT-REEE (Thematic Work Group of Waste of Electron Electronic EquipmentSector representative of government, manufactures, importers, distributors, traders and others sectors (waste collectors, managers and recyclers, carries, scrap companies, selective waste collector, 3th sector, etc.)Steps: I) agreement meetings (2011/2012), II) feasibility study (July2012), III) government agreement call (August2012), IV) agreement signature (September2012); V) policy implementation (March2013), VI) policy management
13 Inclusion of collectors Social policyInclusion of recyclable materials collectors in actions that involve sharedresponsibility for the products life cyclePriority to access federal government resourcesMunicipalities have to implement waste selective collection programs with the participation of the collectors cooperatives
14 Green Electronic Product and Process Objective Brazilian ProgramMCTI/MDIC/MMAAmbientronic ProgramGreen Electronic Product and ProcessObjectiveSupport manufacturers to be compliant with RoHS/REACH and WEEE directives; Promote “Design for Environment” and “Life Cycle Analysis” actions;Support recycling companies to be compliant with international directives.
15 Reverse Logistics Framework Remanufact.RecyclingStory and sortingCollectionMateriaiProductSocietyReuseIndustriesEnvironmetally sound disposalANIMAÇAO
16 Cadeia de produção desconhecida Product Life CycleTransporteCadeia de produção desconhecidaTransporteColeta
17 Sustainability Technology Gestão IntegradaEcoDesignConsideração dos impactos ambientais associados ao ciclo de vida do produto no processo de desenvolvimento sem comprometer os critérios fundamentaisGreen Manufacturing(RoHS)Restrição do uso de substâncias perigosasWEEE Management(WEEE / PNRS)Logística reversa, reciclagem e reuso
18 Brazil challenges Area 8 514 876 km² 26 states + Federal district 5,565 municipalities192 million of habitants16 municipalities > 1 million of inhabitants286 municipalities > 100 thousand inhabitantsProduction of 14 million computer (2010)Production of 61 million cell phone (2010)WEEE ton/year (2007 study)
19 Thank you Marcos Pimentel firstname.lastname@example.org www.cti.gov.br Center for Information Technology Renato ArcherThank youMarcos Pimentel