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Www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Emergency SHELTER in Natural Disasters SHELTER Session for trainings.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Emergency SHELTER in Natural Disasters SHELTER Session for trainings."— Presentation transcript:

1 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Emergency SHELTER in Natural Disasters SHELTER Session for trainings

2 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Shelter after disaster…  What is shelter  Emerging trends & challenges – the big picture  Phases in shelter  Shelter as a process not a product  Shelter in emergency operations  The shelter tools Time: 90 minutes

3 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Defining “shelter”…

4 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Shelter and Settlements Community participation Organisational Development Cross-cutting issues… Camp Management Coordination with others Other issues… Emergency, early recovery, recovery Housing and Urban issues Land and housing property rights Infrastructures Construction Safe Construction Appropriate technologies Construction Management Shelter concept on a disaster response…

5 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Some shelter numbers…  66 million – people with houses damaged by 2007 Asia floods (Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China, DPRK, Vietnam, India)  1.8 million – homes destroyed or damaged in Pakistan by the last Floods in 2010  47.9% - housing as a percentage of total cost of tsunami damage in Indonesia  CHF 100 million - IFRC spend on Aceh transitional shelter programme  140,000 HH helped by RCRC in Haiti with Emergency Shelter (covering kit, tents & STK)  CHF 310 - cost of a family tent to international specifications  CHF 100 – cost of air freighting one family tent  CHF 60 – cost of IFRC Shelter Kit  CHF 600 – cost of building materials, tools, fixings etc. for Pakistan earthquake transitional shelter 2006

6 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Disaster trends… Climate change + urbanisation + social & economic marginalisation = INCREASED SHELTER RISK

7 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings IFRC and shelter…  IFRC is the leading agency in the shelter sector for natural disasters– and few other agencies have shelter in their mandate  National Societies implement a wide range of emergency, transitional and permanent housing. However only since 2006 IFRC has created a Shelter Department.

8 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Before disaster Disaster & emergency response Beyond emergency response Before disaster over time households build, extend and upgrade houses using materials, cash, contracted local labour or self- help Beyond emergency response households will over time extend and upgrade shelter solutions provided using materials, cash, contracted local labour or self-help Emergency response should support the sheltering process providing materials, cash, contracted local labour or self-help + technical support as appropriate The process of sheltering…

9 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Recovery shelter/housing Early Recovery shelter Emergency shelter Self recovery

10 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings TentContainerHouse Product / Phase Approach Process/ Needs Approach: Money Materials Tools Support Guidance Product vs. process…

11 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Shelter Operations…  Assessments  Programming and Coordination  Implementation  Monitoring and Evaluation

12 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Informed assessments  Assessments: Rapid, detailed, ongoing  What are affected households doing themselves to meet their shelter needs and how can we assist them? (use Sphere 2011 Shelter Checklist – adapt as needed)  Consider separate needs of:  Those displaced temporarily or permanently  From those who can return to the site of their damaged/destroyed home  The issues of tenure

13 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Displaced and non-displaced population

14 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Get Emergency Shelter going & move to Early Recovery ASAP Emergency Shelter (live saving) – 3 options: 1. Coverage kit: (2 tarps + rope) 2. Shelter Kit: (2 tarps + tools (includes rope + fixings)) 3. Family tent (tents can delay recovery process) + basic/simple technical advice Early recovery Shelter – 5 options: 1. Transitional shelter (T-shelter) 2. Construction material (roofing, walling, flooring) 3. Tools 4. Cash & Voucher/ credit card 5. Technical support/ awareness campaign (safe shelter) Shelter Programming + complemented with NFIs + new HH kit.

15 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Contents:  2 tarpaulins (to specs) + 20 metres of rope (10 kg)  Technical advice (one pager on how to fix tarp to rope, wood, and bamboo) Cost: 40 CHF Challenges: Rope has to be bought locally. When to use: Need for quick, low cost response There are other materials available (salvaged…) Plastic Sheeting Guidelines, Shade Nets Guidelines Coverage Kit

16 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Contents:  2 tarps + Shelter Toolkit (20Kg)  Technical advice (one flyer on how to fix tarp to rope, wood, and bamboo) Cost: 60 CHF Challenges: Bulkier than coverage kit. Machetes. When to use: Variety of situations, versatile There are other materials available (salvaged…) Shelter kit guidelines + SK training IFRC Shelter Kit

17 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Repair or build Use of “Shelter Kit”…

18 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Contents:  16m2 family tent (64 kg)  Technical advice (one-pager on where to put the tent, how to prepare the ground and how to erect it) Cost: 310 CHF Challenges: difficult to combine, evolve, adapt When to use: Life-saving need for quick answer and no materials available Big emergencies (all solutions are needed) Non-technical reasons Political issues (Gvmt/ HNS) Tent guidelines (available with assembly instruction) Family tent

19 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Implementation Shelter response… Initial assessment – Initial POA Identification needs STT Shelter Movement Coordination Shelter Programme Manager IFRC Shelter FACT Technical support to shelter implementation STT (Shelter Technical Team) Coordinate/provide logistic support technical programmes. Logistic FACT -> ERU SUPPORT SERVICES Coordinate/implement relief response, including Emergency shelter/NFIs. Relief FACT -> ERU

20 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Implementation EMERGENCY Shelter response… ACTIVITYWHO DOESWHO SUPPORTS COORDINATES WITH WHO APPROVES Define EMERGENCY Shelter Response - Initial assessments - identifying technical solution - target beneficiaries caseload - working plan & budget Shelter FACT/ HNS Counterpart STT IFRC ZO/HQ (technical line) Relief ERU Relief FACT Logistic FACT FACT members RC/RC Movement Shelter CLUSTER FACT TL/HoOp/HNS PROCUREMENT - national/international Logistic FACT/ RLU/ HNS Counterpart IFRC ZO/IFRC HQ (logistic departments) Shelter FACT/ STT TL FACT TL/HoOp/HNS <50.000 Log FACT >50.000<400.000 RLU >400.000 IFRC HQ DELIVERY - HH assessment for distribution - registration & ticketing - volunteers training - distribution and M&E Relief ERU/ HNS Counterpart Relief FACT Shelter FACT/STT Logistic ERU Relief FACT Shelter CLUSTER RC/RC Movement FACT TL/HNS AWARENESS -develop material - volunteers training - awareness campaign and M&E STT/ HNS Counterpart Relief ERU/ HNS distribution teams Shelter CLUSTER RC/RC Movement Shelter FACT/ STT TL/ HNS Counterpart

21 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Implementation EARLY RECOVERY Shelter response… ACTIVITYWHO DOESWHO SUPPORTS COORDINATES WITH WHO APPROVES -Define EARLY RECOVERY Shelter Response - technical solution - target beneficiaries - working plan & budget Shelter FACT or shelter programme coord/ HNS Counterpart STT IFRC ZO/HQ (technical line) MDAT (recovery surge capacity) Relief FACT/ERU Logistic FACT/ERU FACT members RC/RC Movement Shelter CLUSTER FACT TL/HoOp/ HNS PROCUREMENT - national/international Logistic FACT/RLU IFRC ZO/IFRC HQ (logistic departments) Shelter FACT/ STT TL FACT TL/HoOp/ HNS <50.000 Log FACT >50.000 <400.000 RLU >400.000 IFRC HQ DELIVERY -Need/damage assessments - registration - community mobilization - volunteers training - implementation STT/ HNS Counterpart Logistic FACT/ERU Relief FACT/ERU Shelter staff Beneficiaries Shelter CLUSTER RC/RC Movement FACT members (integrate approach) Shelter FACT/shelter programme coordinator/HNS AWARENESS -develop material - volunteers training - awareness campaign STT/ HNS Counterpart Shelter staffShelter CLUSTER RC/RC Movement Shelter FACT/ STT TL/ HNS Counterpart

22 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Other aspects to consider…  Lack of shelter counterpart within HNS  Shelter response should be linked with watsan, health, livelihood (integrated approach) and general relief programming.  Shelter is often a key component of recovery programming – consider household livelihood activities and potential local economic impact of shelter response.  Procurement & Logistics and relief are key to successful shelter.  Gender and crosscutting issues  Include monitoring & evaluation of the solution in budget.

23 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Shelter resources and support  Globally pre-positioned tarps, shelter kits and tents in Regional Logistics Units  Emergency Items Catalogue (ERIC) online www.ifrc.org/emergency-items www.ifrc.org/emergency-items  FedNet & DMIS: tools and resources, guidelines, videos, documents, examples  Technical focal points within Secretariat (ZO & GVA) to support shelter response, specifications, programming tools, guidance, and longer term programming

24 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Shelter & Settlement TECHNICAL support Graham SAUNDERS Head of Department Sandra D’URZO Policy Americas Carmen FERRER Americas Zone, Panama Ela SERDAROGLU Capacity Building Asia Pacific & MENA Gregg MCDONALD Asia Pacific DMU, Kuala Lumpur Corinne TREHERNE Technical Support Africa Marta PEÑA Support Ops & Trainings Europe & Central Asia Alberto MONGUZZI Europe Zone, Budapest Pablo MEDINA Global Shelter Cluster Rea IVANEK Senior Assistant IFRC HEAD QUARTER (GVA)IFRC ZONE OFFICES

25 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings For more information…

26 www.ifrc.org Saving lives, changing minds. SHELTER Session for trainings Questions? Thanks for your interest !


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