Presentation on theme: "Emergency SHELTER in Natural Disasters"— Presentation transcript:
1Emergency SHELTER in Natural Disasters Session for trainingsEmergency SHELTER in Natural Disasters
2Shelter after disaster… What is shelterEmerging trends & challenges – the big picturePhases in shelterShelter as a process not a productShelter in emergency operationsThe shelter toolsTime: 90 minutesThe objectives of this session is that all the people will have a general understanding and common idea of what is shelter and which are the shelter support/response/tools on an emergency operation.Time 90 minutes (time constrain to talk on detail of the shelter sector… it will be a more general glance of what shelter means)Tell participants if you prefer them to ask questions as it goes (better but more challenging time keeping) or save them for the end (important to ensure you leave time at the end!!!)
3Defining “shelter”…Start with a discussion on what does ‘shelter’ mean in different languages – observation that often it means safety, protection but usually limited in timeframe/temporary in nature – important for us to remember that to our beneficiaries shelter is usually their home.Sometimes the only support that they will receive, will be the one that we can give to them….KEY MESSAGES to convey:Is the word they use for “shelter” the same they use for “home”?Summarize the discussion saying that the way we understand shelter in the department does not necessarily correspond with the dictionary definition. It covers all the aspects described and many more. Probably a better word would be “HOME”.Useful to capture some of the meanings in a flipchart.
4Shelter concept on a disaster response… Shelter and SettlementsCommunity participationOrganisational DevelopmentCross-cutting issues…Camp ManagementCoordination with othersOther issues…Emergency, early recovery, recoveryHousing and Urban issuesLand and housing property rightsInfrastructuresConstructionSafe ConstructionAppropriate technologiesConstruction ManagementKEY MESSAGES to convey:Most of the people understand shelter as “safe construction on emergencies”Shelter involve a wide range of activities starting for the pure construction (definition solution, training and managing), involve on settlements (infrastructure & land & housing property rights LHPR) and including coordination, community mobilization, cross cutting issues (violence, gender, age, disabilities….), OD, camp management…..Private sector focus only on the Housing & urban issues and Construction. In the Humanitarian sector is needed to take in consideration also other important issues as beneficiary participation, OD, Cross-cutting issues, camp management, “coordination”…ADDITIONAL background information:When we talk about shelter most of the people think that we are talking about pure construction (long term programmes) but shelter covers a wider level of other activities.Shelter includes construction (from emergency to recovery) but it also includes settlements: urban planning (land issues and construction of community/public infrastructure as school, clinic, community centers…).Shelter is strongly link with community participation/mobilization we must try to get involve communities on rebuilding their lives.Camp planning and management.Shelter includes coordination within the different actors involve on the shelter response: Government, local authorities, UN, INGO, NGO, beneficiaries. Shelter is a component of an integrated approach where have to be linked with watsan, health, livelihood and OD programs.The idea is to rebuild communities and not only houses.The idea is to rebuild homes.Shelter can start with the distribution of 2 tarps & rope and finishing with the implementation of an urban planning project… it will depend of the needs and our capacity to support….
5Some shelter numbers…66 million – people with houses damaged by 2007 Asia floods (Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China, DPRK, Vietnam, India)1.8 million – homes destroyed or damaged in Pakistan by the last Floods in 201047.9% - housing as a percentage of total cost of tsunami damage in IndonesiaCHF 100 million - IFRC spend on Aceh transitional shelter programme140,000 HH helped by RCRC in Haiti with Emergency Shelter (covering kit, tents & STK)CHF cost of a family tent to international specificationsCHF 100 – cost of air freighting one family tentCHF 60 – cost of IFRC Shelter KitCHF 600 – cost of building materials, tools, fixings etc. for Pakistan earthquake transitional shelter 2006Quick glance to put in perspective SCALE of shelter on disaster response:KEY MESSAGES to convey:Shelter is about scale: meeting the needs of many people (points 1-2)It is a very expensive activity (points 3-5)There are different approaches and solutions with different range of costs. Since they will be multiplied by many HH, the choice of the approach/solution has huge cost implications (points 6-9)
6social & economic marginalisation INCREASED SHELTER RISK Disaster trends…Climate change+urbanisationsocial & economic marginalisation=INCREASED SHELTER RISKQuick glanceClimate change: Extreme (climate change related) weather events triggering both an increase large scale disasters and more small-medium size eventsUrbanisation: 2010 is the first time where over half the world’s population lives in cities and towns, that means in an urban contest. With the difficulties that it implicates in case of a disaster. Rapid unplanned urbanizationSocial&economic marginalisation: people that face/suffer for marginalisation are more vulnerable and the capacity that they will have to cope to a disaster situation will be small or almost inexistentAll these factors make that there will be a INCREASED SHELTER RISKAll indications are that a tragic combination of climate change, increased urbanization, continued migration, and marginalization of the most vulnerable people, will create a growing demand for quick and effective response to large scale catastrophic events as well as attention to more frequent small-to-medium scale disasters.
7IFRC and shelter…IFRC is the leading agency in the shelter sector for natural disasters– and few other agencies have shelter in their mandateNational Societies implement a wide range of emergency, transitional and permanent housing. However only since 2006 IFRC has created a Shelter Department.KEY MESSAGES to convey:There will be high expectations on IFRC programme because it has committed to lead shelter.Role for the shelter FACT in the cluster is to attend to the meetings.Although shelter has been an activity of the RC since Solferino (Henry Dunant used host family and collective shelter ;-) the good practice and guidance has not been systematized.ADDITIONAL background information:The “cluster” approach is a method of coordinating and strengthening the effectiveness of disaster response operations, in support of the host country’s government. It is part of the Humanitarian Reform process that was developed by the IASC Working Group, a body comprised of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, various NGOs and the United Nations. At the 2005 General Assembly, the IFRC committed to convening the Shelter Cluster in disaster response operations.Humanitarian reform. Cluster system. IFRC as convener shelter cluster after a natural disaster during the emergency phase - UNHCR on operation related with conflict situation.RCRC movement (NS, IFRC & ICRC) have been implemented shelter programmes for quite time ago but shelter department was created in IFRC after to take the decision of become shelter cluster convener.At the same time that the FACT team is deployed, a shelter cluster coordination team SCCT will be deployed too. They’ll coordinate the general shelter response in the country including RC/RC Movement, UN agencies, NGO/INGOs. They’ll not be involve on the implementation of the RC/RC response. They’ll be in depended but it will be important to have a close collaboration.
8The process of sheltering… Disaster& emergencyresponseBefore disasterBeyond emergency responseBefore disasterover time households build, extend and upgrade houses using materials, cash, contracted local labour or self-helpBeyond emergency responsehouseholds will over time extend and upgrade shelter solutions provided using materials, cash, contracted local labour or self-helpKEY MESSAGES to convey:We have seen the challenges, however we have a huge advantage. Shelter is important for people and they are (we are all) already implementing their own shelter project (people invest money, time and effort on it: building a house, paying a rent or a mortgage, renovating our home….). They were doing it years before the disaster and they will do it years after.Let’s ensure the assistance we give, in the small window we have, will help them advance in THEIR shelter project. We have to be sure that we don’t put them in another direction or even worst, made then step back because if this happens it will take longer to come back to their “path/shelter project” and it’ll make them more vulnerable. We must avoid that people will become more vulnerable with our assistance. We must support them to cope with the situation and not make them dependence of our assistance.Emergency response should support the sheltering process providing materials, cash, contracted local labour or self-help + technical support as appropriate
9Recovery shelter/housing Early Recovery shelterEmergency shelterSelf recoveryQuick glanceKEY MESSAGES to convey:The Shelter Response after a disaster is understood as a continuum process, where all the different components are overlapping and can be developed simultaneity.The first who react/response to a disaster is the people itself, later when mechanism are in place people receive support from government and agencies are they gone trough a process that include all the different components: Emergency, recovery and development. This is NOT a sequential process of one after the other, is a continuum process where each phase include the previous one. Recovery starts on day one after a disaster.Not all the people go to the same speed on this process. Some go directly from self recovery to permanent housing others go through all components/phases… (horizontal diagonal or vertical on this diagram).
10Product vs. process… Product / Phase Approach Tent Container House Process/ Needs Approach:SupportMoneyKEY MESSAGES to convey:Shelter is a continuum process, where all the different components/phases are overlapped.There are 2 different approaches for the shelter response: product versus process.The first approach (Product/phase) is not only more expensive (items cannot be re-used, or recycled) but it is also more alienating for people that are moved from one place to another without taking an important part in the decision making process.The second approach is preferred. People are involved on the decision making process and participate on their own recovery process. They have the chance to choose what to do. This empower them. This addresses the issue of starting recovery on day one.The final object: HOME might look the same, but the result is not the sameThis may sound like a philosophical issue but it has some practical implications as we shall see later.GuidanceMaterials Tools
11Shelter Operations… Assessments Programming and Coordination ImplementationMonitoring and EvaluationQuick glanceThese are the components of all shelter operation. It is not a sequence of different steps, these are components that are interacting and must be review during the whole project.
12Informed assessments Assessments: Rapid, detailed, ongoing What are affected households doing themselves to meet their shelter needs and how can we assist them? (use Sphere 2011 Shelter Checklist – adapt as needed)Consider separate needs of:Those displaced temporarily or permanentlyFrom those who can return to the site of their damaged/destroyed homeThe issues of tenureKEY MESSAGES to convey:Assessments: incremental (extend/detail when time advance) and continuum review process. Difference between needs and damage and always analyses it from the vulnerability perspective.Importance to understand what people are doing, what is THEIR shelter project? And SUPPORT it.There are different needs for different situation or different groups and this will make us decide/provide different responses.
13Displaced and non-displaced population KEY MESSAGES to convey:Explain what we understand by displaced:Displace population is related with the capacity of the people to stay or not in a place in a long perspective of time. It’s linked with the estimate period of time that someone will remain or not in a place and the point of view more interested to analyse the needs of this population is taking in consideration the settlements options.Displace population during the emergency phase (just after the disaster or conflict) and in a long term if people have to remain displace because a conflict…People who are in a place temporarily will not invest in building something they cannot take along when they return. Displace people have a different shelter project than those that are not displaced.Non displace population:They will be able to live in the same place for a long time (relocated people are also non-displaced). In this case the point of view more interested to analyse the needs of this population is taking in consideration the property options.Not all the possible shelter solution will be applicable to all of them. People without occupancy legal status will have difficulties to build a shelter (transitional/permanent) in a land that they don’t own. The same with the tenants, the house affected belong to another person. Who will receive what and in which conditions?.Depending of their status they will be more or less vulnerable and we have more or less capacity to afford the recovery phase, that’s why they will have different needs and will receive different support. People living in a rented apartment have a different shelter project than those who live in their own house.Non displaced is usually less complex and they are less vulnerable.
14Shelter Programming Emergency Shelter (live saving) – 3 options: 1. Coverage kit: (2 tarps + rope)2. Shelter Kit: (2 tarps + tools (includes rope + fixings))3. Family tent (tents can delay recovery process)+ basic/simple technical advice+ complemented with NFIs + new HH kit.Early recovery Shelter – 5 options:1. Transitional shelter (T-shelter)2. Construction material (roofing, walling, flooring)3. Tools4. Cash & Voucher/ credit card5. Technical support/ awareness campaign (safe shelter)KEY MESSAGES to convey:These are the shelter options to meet the shelter needsEMERGENCY SHELTER addresses mainly URGENT/INMEDIATE NEEDS (use prepositioned stock).EARLY RECOVERY SHELTER addresses more longer term needs.Ex with health emergency is to fix a broken bone and transitional is to build a field hospital.Important to move as quick as possible from emergency to early recovery support always taken in consideration the different needs based on displaced and non displaced population for the different shelter options (emergency and early recovery)…. Taking in consideration the situation of the people (displaced or non displaced) during emergency and early recovery phase (people can move from one situation to the other during the implementation of our response.NFIs related with shelter: 1. Clothing and bedding, 2. Cooking and eating sets, 3. Stove, fuel & lighting and 4. tools & fixingsADDITIONAL background information:Emergency Shelter is the immediate response after a disaster. Normally on this first phase is distributed goods that already exist, prepositioned stock in Country or at the Regional Logistics Units (KL, Panama) and the logistic Centre (Las Palmas). Sometimes this emergency shelter options are complemented with some extra frame material. This need to be purchased because is not prepositioned and take longer to be distributed. That’s why this frame material (wood, bamboo, steal…) is consider part of the process to start moving from emergency to early recovery.Definition new “Household kit”, not yet in stock but soon 3000 units.Household kit CHF (22.87kg)1 Kitchen Set ( A type African and Western cultures and or B type for Asian culture )13 Bathing Soap (100 g, piece )2 Laundry Soap ( 200 g, piece )1 collapsible jerry can ( foldable 10L )1 bucket ( 14L )1 Tarpaulin ( 4 x 6m ) (4.5 kg)1 Rope, 20m3 Blanket, Fleece type ( 150 x200 cm)1 manual charging torch with radio and mobile tel. charge features on it1 Plastic boxGet Emergency Shelter going & move to Early Recovery ASAP
15Coverage Kit Contents: Cost: 40 CHF 2 tarpaulins (to specs) + 20 metres of rope (10 kg)Technical advice (one pager on how to fix tarp to rope, wood, and bamboo)Cost: 40 CHFChallenges: Rope has to be bought locally.When to use:Need for quick, low cost responseThere are other materials available (salvaged…)Plastic Sheeting Guidelines, Shade Nets GuidelinesQuick glanceKEY MESSAGES to convey:This is the most basic response.1 tarp is 15 chf (4.5kg)Rope is not already prepositioned as an separated item. But it is included on the “Household kit” that it will be normally the immediate package that It’ll be distributed on week 1. There is also rope on the STK. We are working on it…ADDITIONAL background information:Household kit CHF (22.87kg)1 Kitchen Set ( A type African and Western cultures and or B type for Asian culture )13 Bathing Soap (100 g, piece )2 Laundry Soap ( 200 g, piece )1 collapsible jerry can ( foldable 10L )1 bucket ( 14L )1 Tarpaulin ( 4 x 6m ) (4.5 kg)1 Rope, 20m3 Blanket, Fleece type ( 150 x200 cm)1 manual charging torch with radio and mobile tel. charge features on it1 Plastic box
16IFRC Shelter Kit Contents: Cost: 60 CHF 2 tarps + Shelter Toolkit (20Kg)Technical advice (one flyer on how to fix tarp to rope, wood, and bamboo)Cost: 60 CHFChallenges:Bulkier than coverage kit. Machetes.When to use:Variety of situations, versatileThere are other materials available (salvaged…)Shelter kit guidelines + SK trainingQuick glanceKEY MESSAGES to convey:It is the most versatile response can be used on all the shelter response phases2 tarps (15CHF+15CHF) + 1 STK (30CHF)ADDITIONAL background information:Packed in depended tools & fixing from tarpsPacking and Shipping SpecificationParticulars: 2 Kits Packed Per Carton / 1 Kit - approximate weight KG + 4,5 kg x 2 tarpsWeight per Carton KG: 22.2Size Carton (mtrs): 1.2 x 0.3 x 0.2Volume per carton: 0.072Payload per 40'DC Container: 1750 KitsNote: This kit does not provide any materials to build structure. It should be assessed if these materials can be salvaged from the debris by the families or if they will need to receive them additionally. These materials could be timber or bamboo. As an example, the materials per kit could be: 4 wooden beams 4 m long and section of 7,5cm x 7,5cm 4 wooden planks 4 m long and section 15 cm x 2,5cm
17Use of “Shelter Kit”… Repair or build Quick glance KEY MESSAGES to convey:The shelter kit addresses this “philosophical” issue of the process rather than the product. It enables recovery.Shelter kit is a flexible solution where the tools can be use during the different components/phases of a response and to repair or build a shelter. Everything can be re-use supporting the recovery process. It is not a product of only one use are tools that support a process.Most of the times Tool kit support a more integrated approach. It can be use for watsan (drainages) and livelihood (work the land) programmes.
18Family tent Contents: 16m2 family tent (64 kg) Technical advice (one-pager on where to put the tent, how to prepare the ground and how to erect it)Cost: 310 CHFChallenges: difficult to combine, evolve, adaptWhen to use:Life-saving need for quick answer and no materials availableBig emergencies (all solutions are needed)Non-technical reasonsPolitical issues (Gvmt/ HNS)Tent guidelines (available with assembly instruction)Quick glanceKEY MESSAGES to convey:Our tents are excellent, the result of years of experience ICRC, IFRC & UNHCR.However, tents in general are not often a good solution in natural disasters.You cannot put your salvaged door to a tent, you cannot add some CGI sheets you have found/received. It’s a closed solution, does not enable a process/recovery.ADDITIONAL background information:Before distributing family tents, establish that there is a need for them. Be aware that the tent is a transportable temporary shelter with a cover and a structure. The tent is designed for short term only. However, some parts such as the steel pipes, canvas and covers can be reused after the emergency phase. Choosing the best emergency shelter option requires taking into consideration various parameters.Will tents help meet the shelter need? Will they reduce the vulnerability of those affected by the disaster? Would other emergency shelter solutions be more useful than tents? To support reconstruction, consider host families/ communities and local materials/ tools which may help with longer term reconstruction. Other solutions may be available more quickly and at a lower cost than a tent and may facilitate the recovery process.Are tents a culturally appropriate solution?The family tent is designed for an average family of five members.Are tents appropriate to the climate conditions? In cold environments, the tent is difficult to keep warm as it loses heat quickly, and therefore should be complemented by a winterisation kit such as a stove, floor insulation and a mattress. Note that in extreme cold climates, tents should be avoided.A tent is a costly item (approximately CHF 310, not including storage and transport costs) so distributing valuable items like a tent may cause inequality and resentment in the population.It may be difficult for people to put up a tent if they have never done so before and technical assistance may be required.
19Implementation Shelter response… Shelter FACTInitial assessment – Initial POAIdentification needs STTShelter Movement CoordinationShelter Programme Manager IFRCSTT(Shelter Technical Team)Technical support to shelter implementationLogistic FACT -> ERUSUPPORT SERVICESCoordinate/provide logistic support technical programmes.Relief FACT -> ERUCoordinate/implement relief response, including Emergency shelter/NFIs.KEY MESSAGES to convey:SHELTER FACT:Initial assessment – Initial POA (define shelter response and target population)Coordination ( Shelter Cluster, RC/RC Movement, for an integrate approach with others FACT members)Programme Coordinator IFRC (Implementing IFRC secretariat response working closely with Logistic and Relief) It is not the initial role but how there is not operational team in the field (shelter ERU) to do it, this become an obligation for shelter FACT.IDENTIFY THE NEED (profiles) FOR DEPLOYMENT/COORDINATE STT (request STT when scale (number or locations) and complexity of the shelter needs is beyond the shelter FACT’s capacity. For shelter there is NO shelter ERU to start implement the response, as on the others technical sectors, that’s why STT is created to support assessments needs, informing targeting population for distribution, technical support for the use of shelter items by affected population, definition of early recovery shelter response…) STT deployment will be between 1-3 months facilitate proper hand over and follow up between FACT and long term positions.STT:Support implementation shelter response (relief & recovery). Technical advice (construction, land ownership…)Support relief ERU with assessments if needed (Damage/review of needs). Damage/needs assessments early recovery response, training volunteers for assessments, awareness campaign, community mobilization, registration, distribution, monitoring and evaluation shelter recovery response.Logistic FACT -> ERU:Coordinate/provide logistic support technical programmes of the response operation (emergency & recovery).Procurement at national or international level (log FACT/RLU not ERU), custom clearances, warehousing manager, fleet/transport.Relief FACT -> ERU:Coordinate/implement relief response. Emergency shelter/NFIs delivery distribution plan, jointly with other sectors.Emergency needs assessments, training volunteers for relief distribution; registration, ticketing, distribution, monitoring and evaluation relief response.
20Implementation EMERGENCY Shelter response… ACTIVITYWHO DOESWHO SUPPORTSCOORDINATES WITHWHO APPROVESDefine EMERGENCY Shelter Response- Initial assessmentsidentifying technical solutiontarget beneficiaries caseloadworking plan & budgetShelter FACT/ HNS CounterpartSTTIFRC ZO/HQ (technical line)Relief ERURelief FACTLogistic FACTFACT membersRC/RC MovementShelter CLUSTERFACT TL/HoOp/HNSPROCUREMENT- national/internationalLogistic FACT/ RLU/ HNS CounterpartIFRC ZO/IFRC HQ (logistic departments)Shelter FACT/STT TL< Log FACT>50.000< RLU> IFRC HQDELIVERYHH assessment for distributionregistration & ticketingvolunteers trainingdistribution and M&ERelief ERU/ HNS CounterpartShelter FACT/STTLogistic ERUFACT TL/HNSAWARENESSdevelop materialawareness campaign and M&ESTT/ HNS CounterpartRelief ERU/ HNS distribution teamsShelter FACT/ STT TL/ HNS CounterpartQuick glance (information is on the handout. It’ll take long time to go through it and it could be sectors that are not interested. For these ones that would like to talk about it we can do during breaks (coffee or dinner). Interesting that people is aware of it but not time enough in this session.STAR implementation all the activities within first 4 weeks.Financial approval for procurement is given by FACT TL/HoOp (with the validation of finance) and the Technical approval for procurement is given by logistic at different levels base on the amount:Construction materials Construction works:Log FACT < Log FACT <50.000RLU > & < IFRC HQ >50.000IFRC HQ >coordination different levels: 1- Logistic and relief for the implementation of the IFRC secretariat shelter response, 2- FACT team for an integrated approach to the response (watsan, health, livelihood & OD), 3- RC/RC Movement (IFRC; PNS; HNS & ICRC) for a coherent & inclusive response within the movement, 4- shelter cluster for strengthening the effectiveness of general shelter disaster response deliver by all different actors. Shelter FACT will represent IFRC disaster response on the cluster, SCCT (also IFRC) will coordinate the cluster (Natural Disasters).
21Implementation EARLY RECOVERY Shelter response… ACTIVITYWHO DOESWHO SUPPORTSCOORDINATES WITHWHO APPROVESDefine EARLY RECOVERY Shelter Responsetechnical solutiontarget beneficiariesworking plan & budgetShelter FACT or shelter programme coord/ HNS CounterpartSTTIFRC ZO/HQ (technical line)MDAT (recovery surge capacity)Relief FACT/ERULogistic FACT/ERUFACT membersRC/RC MovementShelter CLUSTERFACT TL/HoOp/ HNSPROCUREMENT- national/internationalLogistic FACT/RLUIFRC ZO/IFRC HQ (logistic departments)Shelter FACT/STT TL< Log FACT> < RLU> IFRC HQDELIVERYNeed/damage assessmentsregistrationcommunity mobilizationvolunteers trainingimplementationSTT/ HNS CounterpartShelter staffBeneficiaries(integrate approach)Shelter FACT/shelter programme coordinator/HNSAWARENESSdevelop materialawareness campaignShelter FACT/ STT TL/ HNS CounterpartQuick glance (information is on the handout. It’ll take long time to go through it and it could be sectors that are not interested. For these ones that would like to talk about it we can do during breaks (coffee or dinner). Interesting that people is aware of it but not time enough in this session.START implementation all the activities within week 4/12.It could be also the possibility that IFRC secretariat sign an agreement in/out the movement (PNS or NGO/ING with the approval of HNS) for the implementation of the EARLY RECOVERY shelter response. In this case some of this activities will be done by them.During the first months of an starting operation there is a continuums turn over of personnel on the same positions, different positions requested that take time to fill (short term position that are replaced by long term one). If the position mentioned is not longer in the field whoever that have replaced him/her will be the responsible for the activity. Ex: shelter FACT --> STT TL --> Shelter Programme Coordinator & Shelter Movement Coordinator (long term positions) or FACT TL --> Head of Operation.Financial approval for procurement is given by FACT TL/HoOp (with the validation of finance) and the Technical approval for procurement is given by logistic at different levels base on the amount:Construction materials: Construction works:Log FACT < Log FACT <50.000RLU > & < IFRC HQ >50.000IFRC HQ >
22Other aspects to consider… Lack of shelter counterpart within HNSShelter response should be linked with watsan, health, livelihood (integrated approach) and general relief programming.Shelter is often a key component of recovery programming – consider household livelihood activities and potential local economic impact of shelter response.Procurement & Logistics and relief are key to successful shelter.Gender and crosscutting issuesInclude monitoring & evaluation of the solution in budget.KEY MESSAGES to convey:One of the biggest constrains that a shelter FACT will face in an emergency is that normally there is NOT a shelter counterpart in the HNS. Shelter usually is not one of the core business on NS. This will delay decision that need to be taking from the beginning by HNS (which kind of shelter support will be implemented). It is important to try to get someone from HNS on board asap on the shelter response, “adopt” a counterpart and work closely to advise about the best response for the specific context or the concept of sheltering (process vs. product).Gender, ageing, disability or violence are cross cutting issues that have to be taking in consideration in all the sector/technical programmes (handout check list fro gender, age and disability)
23Shelter resources and support Globally pre-positioned tarps, shelter kits and tents in Regional Logistics UnitsEmergency Items Catalogue (ERIC) onlineFedNet & DMIS: tools and resources, guidelines, videos, documents, examplesTechnical focal points within Secretariat (ZO & GVA) to support shelter response, specifications, programming tools, guidance, and longer term programming
24Shelter & Settlement TECHNICAL support IFRC HEAD QUARTER (GVA)IFRC ZONE OFFICESGraham SAUNDERSHead of DepartmentSandra D’URZO Policy AmericasCarmen FERRER Americas Zone , PanamaEla SERDAROGLU Capacity Building Asia Pacific & MENAGregg MCDONALD Asia Pacific DMU, Kuala LumpurCorinne TREHERNE Technical Support AfricaMarta PEÑA Support Ops & Trainings Europe & Central AsiaAlberto MONGUZZI Europe Zone, BudapestPablo MEDINA Global Shelter ClusterRea IVANEK Senior Assistant