Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Historical Position of Literary Darwinism and evolutionary aesthetics Joseph Carroll.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Historical Position of Literary Darwinism and evolutionary aesthetics Joseph Carroll."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Historical Position of Literary Darwinism and evolutionary aesthetics Joseph Carroll

2 The physical sciences, the life sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities Are moving toward integration.

3 2010

4 1998

5 Physics, astronomy Molecular biology, genetics Evolutionary biology Humanities Causal Constraint Evolutionary social sciences Chemistry

6 Humanities Evolutionary Biology Molecular biology Physics Organizational Complexity Chemistry Evolutionary Social Sciences

7 Evolutionary Biology Physics Chemistry Molecular biology Evolutionary social sciences Humanities Evolutionary biology is the Pivotal discipline Linking the physical sciences with the human sciences, & the humanities

8 Four Paradigm Formations, Each nested in the other: 1.Geology ( ) 2.Evolutionary biology (1859) 3.Evolutionary social science (1975) 4.Evolutionary humanities (1992)

9 Time Line

10 Geology 1859 Biology 1910 {SSSM} 1975 Evolutionary social science Evolutionary humanities Time Line

11 Four Paradigm Formations, Each nested in the other: 1.Geology ( )

12

13 Four Paradigm Formations, Each nested in the other: 2. Evolutionary biology (1859)

14 Descent with Modification was accepted almost immediately. Natural Selection was not fully accepted until the 1930s.

15 The SSSM Interregnum:

16 Four Paradigm Formations, Each nested in the other: 3. Evolutionary social science (1975)

17

18 Four Paradigm Formations, Each nested in the other: 4. Evolutionary humanities (1992)

19

20

21

22 A Consilient Program:

23 Evolutionary Ideas

24 A Consilient Program: Evolutionary Ideas

25 A Consilient Program: Empirical Methods Evolutionary Ideas and

26 Website questionnaire on 2,000 characters from 202 British novels of the longer 19 th century 1,494 protocols completed Separate website for Thomas Hardys The Mayor of Casterbridge (124 protocols completed) 441 individual characters profiled and graphed

27 Conclusion from Graphing Jane Austen: moral disposition counts overwhelmingly more than the sex of characters.

28 Agonistic structure mirrors the basic political dynamic in egalitarian hunter-gatherer cultures.

29 Antagonists seek dominance.

30 Antagonists seek dominance. Protagonists are prosocial.

31 To recapitulate

32 Four Paradigm Formations, Each nested in the other: 1.Geology ( ) 2.Evolutionary biology (1859) 3.Evolutionary social science (1975) 4.Evolutionary humanities (1992)

33

34

35

36

37 Evolutionary Psychology is a paradigm still in process of formation.

38 Flexible general intelligence has now been added in

39 Cooperative Group Living is still being added in.

40

41 And we are still struggling to add in culture and the imagination.

42 Gene-Culture Co-Evolution

43 Imaginative Culture

44 Three main versions of the adapted mind

45 The Adapted Human Mind

46 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = The Adapted Human Mind

47 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = The Adapted Human Mind

48 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = The Adapted Human Mind

49 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = General Intelligence: Technology Logistics Social Organization Trade Theology Philosophy History Aesthetics Science Broad-School EP = Narrow-School EP Plus The Adapted Human Mind

50 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = General Intelligence: Technology Logistics Social Organization Trade Theology Philosophy History Aesthetics Science Broad-School EP = Narrow-School EP Plus The Adapted Human Mind 2005

51 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = General Intelligence: Technology Logistics Social Organization Trade Theology Philosophy History Aesthetics Science Broad-School EP = Narrow-School EP Plus The Adapted Human Mind

52 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = General Intelligence: Technology Logistics Social Organization Trade Theology Philosophy History Aesthetics Science Broad-School EP = Narrow-School EP Plus Humanist EP = Broad-School EP Plus Imagination: Religion Art Music Stories Myths Ideology The Adapted Human Mind

53 Humanist EP = Broad-School EP Plus Imagination: Religion Art Music Stories Myths Ideology The Evolved and Adapted Human Mind

54 Instincts, Dispositions, Motives: Survival Growing Up Sociality Mating Parenting Kinship, plus side effects: (art, pornography, religion, drugs) Narrow-School EP = General Intelligence: Technology Logistics Social Organization Trade Theology Philosophy History Aesthetics Science Broad-School EP = Narrow-School EP Plus Humanist EP = Broad-School EP Plus Imagination: Religion Art Music Stories Myths Ideology The Adapted Human Mind

55 The fully human mind is like a matryoshka doll It has nested levels.

56

57 Narrow-School EP Basic Motives

58 Narrow-School EP Broad-School EP Basic Motives General Intelligence

59 Narrow-School EP Broad-School EP Humanist EP Basic Motives General Intelligence Imagination

60 What does all this have to do with Aesthetics and literary Criticism?

61 Human nature

62 Motives, Passions = Human life history

63 Human nature

64 Specific cultures

65 Human nature Specific cultures Individual artists

66 Human nature Specific cultures Individual artists Particular works of art

67 Human nature Specific cultures Individual artists

68 Human nature Specific cultures Individual artists Particular works of art

69 Weve come this far.

70 What comes next?

71 More complete integration between human universals and specific historical periods.

72 Human universals Specific cultures Individual artists Particular works of art

73 Human universals Specific cultures Individual artists Particular works of art

74

75 We have made some progress.

76

77 Well Make more.

78 Thanks for your attention.


Download ppt "The Historical Position of Literary Darwinism and evolutionary aesthetics Joseph Carroll."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google