Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byKellen Forester Modified over 4 years ago

1
State Space Representation Hany Ferdinando Dept. of Electrical Engineering Petra Christian University

2
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando2 Overview Introduction State variable Signal Flow Graph (revisited) State Space (SS) matrix Transfer function from SS SS in Matlab

3
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando3 Introduction State Space (SS) represents a dynamic system in matrices It is MIMO (multi input multi output) system (transfer function is SISO – single input single output) With SS, one can get future condition of a dynamic system

4
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando4 Examples On-off switch: There are only two positions The state of the switch can assume one of two possible states if the present state is ‘on’, then one can know the future state

5
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando5 State Variable Definition: is a set of variables such that the knowledge of these variables and the input functions will, with the equations describing the dynamics, provide the future state and output of the system

6
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando6 Model of A Dynamic System Model of a dynamic system is in n th - order differential equation The order depends on the number of storage element in that system SS will change one n th -order differential equation into n first-order differential equations

7
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando7 Example i(t)

8
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando8 Example If x 1 = v C and x 2 = i L then

9
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando9 Example Matrix AMatrix B

10
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando10 General Form of SS

11
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando11 Signal Flow Graph (revisited) Sum of the forward-path factors Sum of the feedback loop factors

12
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando12 Signal Flow Graph State From G(s) get the order of the equation Make the denominator of G(s) in the form of 1-(sum of the feedback loop) by dividing G(s) with s n (n is the order of G(s)) Draw the new SFG

13
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando13 Example

14
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando14 Example -a3 -a2 -a1 -a0 b1 b2 b3 1/s b0 x1x2x3 x4 U(s) Y(s) Phase Variable Format

15
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando15 Example

16
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando16 Example -a3 -a2 -a1 -a0 b1 b2 b3 1/s b0 x1x2x3 x4 U(s) Y(s) Input Feedforward Format

17
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando17 Example

18
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando18 TF from SS

19
State Space 1 - Hany Ferdinando19 SS in Matlab (basic) Use two functions: tf2ss to convert transfer function model into state space model ss2tf to convert state space model into transfer function model

Similar presentations

OK

Operation in System Hany Ferdinando Dept. of Electrical Engineering Petra Christian University.

Operation in System Hany Ferdinando Dept. of Electrical Engineering Petra Christian University.

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google