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South Coast Air Quality Management District From Lead Battery to Fire Pits California Desert Air Working Group 2013 Conference November 13-14, 2013 Las.

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Presentation on theme: "South Coast Air Quality Management District From Lead Battery to Fire Pits California Desert Air Working Group 2013 Conference November 13-14, 2013 Las."— Presentation transcript:

1 South Coast Air Quality Management District From Lead Battery to Fire Pits California Desert Air Working Group 2013 Conference November 13-14, 2013 Las Vegas, Nevada Mohsen Nazemi, P.E. Deputy Executive Officer Engineering & Compliance SCAQMD

2 Exide Battery Recycling News Headlines 2

3 Allenco Oil Production News Headlines 3

4 Fire Pits News Headlines 4

5 South Coast Air Basin 5 17 million residents 10 million passenger cars; 1.5 million medium and heavy-duty Nations largest freight gateway Projected population growth by 2035: 4 million Still one of the worst air quality in country

6 South Coast Air Basin Key Air Pollutants Ozone (Smog) – Forms from emissions of nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons Fine Particulates (PM 2.5 ) – Form from emissions of particulates, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides Air Toxics (e.g. Diesel Exhaust) – Directly emitted 6

7 Sources of PM2.5* * 2014 emission inventory based on PM2.5 formation potential (incl. precursors) ** Includes construction/demolition, farming operations, fires, waste burning/disposal 7

8 Sources of Ozone* * Year 2023 emissions – Summer Planning Inventory 8

9 Ozone and PM 2.5 Health Consequences Premature mortality Cardiovascular disease Asthma & other lower respiratory symptoms Bronchitis Cancer risks from diesel particulates Lost work days, school absences, medical costs 9

10 Air Quality Trends - Ozone 10

11 Anticipated SCAQMD Implementation Milestones Pollutant Final NAAQS Date (or Projection) Designations Effective Attainment Demonstration Due Black Box Measures Due Attainment Date 1-Hr Ozone (1990) Oct 2006Dec 2009Dec hr Ozone (1997) Oct 2008 Dec 2010/2011 June 2012/ hr Ozone (2008) Mar 2008July 2012Mid 2015/ PM 2.5 (2012)Dec 2012Early 2015Mid 2016NA 2021 (Mod) 2025 (Ser) 11

12 Goods movement is a major economic engine, but is also the largest contributor to regional pollutants and local health impacts 12

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18 18 Alameda Corridor

19 19 Union Pacific ICTF

20 West Long Beach 20

21 City of Commerce 21

22 Mira Loma 22

23 San Bernardino BNSF Railyard 23

24 24 Particulate Filters From AQMD Long Beach Monitor

25 Two-thirds to three-quarters reduction in NOx needed to attain ozone standards * Source: Ambient ozone modeling conducted by SCAQMD, 2012; final data Nitrogen Oxides Emissions in 2023 with Adopted Standards Additional Needed Emission Reductions 25

26 + Draft 2012 AQMP as of May 4, 2012 (preliminary estimates) * Oceangoing vessels = 33.8 tons/day **RECLAIM: 320 largest stationary sources, including all refineries and power plants 26 Nitrogen Oxides Emissions in 2023 with Adopted Standards (tons per day + )

27 Projected Warehousing Growth Undeveloped land zoned for warehousing 27

28 Climate Change/ GHG Emissions State Requirements - AB32 Scoping Plan Update – ARB required to update every 5 years Federal Requirements – Section 111 GHG Standards – Section 111(b) – EPA Proposed GHG Standards for new CCGTs – Section 111(d) – Considering GHG Standards for existing Power Plants (BSER) 28

29 Ozone and GHG Deadlines 29

30 Issues Regarding CAA & Tribal Authority CAA Section 301(d) authorizes EPA to treat Indian Tribe as a State for various purposes Recent EPA Proposals for Treatment as a State and Separate Non-attainment Area – Pechanga Tribe (Near Temacula) – Morongo Tribe (Banning Pass) – EPA Minor NSR Rule for Indian Country (Effective Sept. 2014) 30

31 IES Tire Pyrolysis in Tribal Land (Under Construction) 31 Pyrolytic Converter Thermal Oxidizer APC System

32 Cabazon Air Curtain 32

33 Cabazon Air Curtain 33

34 San Onofre Nuclear Generating Stations (SONGS) Shutdown 34 Since Jan. 2012, SCE has shutdown both SONGS Units 2 & 3 due to leaks in radioactive steam tubes Total of 2,200 MW lost – Shortfalls in South Orange County & San Diego SCE announced permanent shutdown of SONGS on June 7, 2013

35 Reliability of Southern California Grid 35 Multiple agencies have independent authority/ responsibility – CEC – Power Plant Licensing Authority/ Integrated Energy Policy Report – CAISO – Grid Reliability/ System Balancing Authority – CPUC – Electricity Reliability/ Procurement Authority – SWRCB – Once Through Cooling Policy CPUC Procurement Loading Order 1.Energy Efficiency & Demand Response 2.Renewable Generation 3.Conventional (NG-Fired) Generation – Track I – Authorized 1,400–1,800 MW in LA Basin & 343 MW in San Diego (2013) – Track IV – Based on Resource needs authorize additional procurement (2013/2014)

36 Task Force Reliability Plan Proposed Approach Procure/ Develop Preferred Resources: Energy Efficiency, Demand Response, Distributed Generation and Storage (3,250 MW) Procure/ Develop Transmission Upgrades Procure/ Develop Conventional (NG- Fired) Generation (3,000 MW) Establish Contingency Plans (Defer Once Through Cooling and/orBuild new Conventional Generation) 36

37 Task Force Preliminary Reliability Plan for LA Basin and San Diego 37 Contingency plans for fast-tracking additional conventional generation may also be considered as a backstop in the event repowering projects do not proceed, preferred resources do not materialize on schedule or in the amounts required for meeting reliability needs, or in the even identified transmission projects are found to be infeasible or unavailable in a timeframe consistent with OTC policy. These contingency plans could also serve to facilitate a more competitive environment for securing the needed conventional generation at least cost to ratepayers. California Public Utilities Commission California Energy Commission

38 AB1318: Assessment of Electrical Grid Reliability Needs and Offset Requirements in the South Coast Air Basin 38 Given the amount of time required to obtain the necessary approvals to build new power plants, and the expectation that new generation will be required at some point past 2022, the Air Resources Board should partner with the SCAQMD to immediately form a Working Group that will identify options and make recommendations at the earliest practicable date to address long term permitting needs.

39 Initial Staff Recommendations on Offsets Near Term Approach - Proceed to initiate Rulemaking to allow the use of SCAQMD offsets for: – New Greenfield or additions at existing Conventional Generation projects – Permit Modernization Projects (Produce/ Deploy/ Fund Zero or Near Zero Technology) Long Term Approach – Proceed to address the overall offset requirements relative to PM10 (Federal Attainment / State Law) Seek a narrow Legislative amendment to State Law (SB 288), if needed, to facilitate the rulemaking to implement the recommended Contingency Plans 39

40 Air Quality Improvement Needs Energy Reliability and Security Climate Change Transportation & Land Use Integrated Solutions 40

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