6“My aunts chose an apple-green sari, silver-borderedfor my teens”
7“I tried each satin-silken top- was alien in the sitting – room.” How do the presents make her feel?
8“I longed for denim and corduroy.” What kind of clothes are made out of denim and corduroy?Denim jeans.
9“ I wanted my parents camel- skin lamp- switching it on in my bedroom,” A camelCamel skin lamps
10“marvel at the colours like stained glass.” What do you notice about thecolours?
11“My mother cherished her jewellery- Indian gold, dangling, filigree”
12“ My aunts requested cardigans from Marks and Spencers.” Which country do these clothes come from?A cardiganMarks and Spencer
13“ My costume clung to me and I was aflame” What poetic device is used here?Can you explain what it means?
14“ But often I admired the mirror-work,” Mirror work- small glass circles.
15“how the three of us sailed to England” The real boat took her away from home, from Pakistan.
16“Prickly heat had me screaming on the way “Prickly heat had me screaming on the way I ended up in a cot in my English grandmother’s dining room, found myself alone, playing with a tin boat”.
17“ I pictured my birthplace from fifties photographs” Do you think she can remember her birthplace?When did she leave Pakistan?
18“When I was older there was a conflict, a fractured land throbbing through newsprint.” Does the fractured land reflect her identity?What happened in Pakistan to cause the conflict?How does she know the land was fractured?
19“staring through fretwork” What is stopping her from being part of Pakistan?Fretwork
20“Or there were beggars, sweeper- girls and I was there-”
22“staring through fretwork at the Shalimar Gardens.” How do you know she doesn’t feel part of Pakistan?Shalimar Gardens- peaceful, walled gardens in Lahore.
23Where do you think the poet is from Where do you think the poet is from? Can you guess where her parents are from? Do you think she wrote this poem using her own experiences?
24The poet- Moniza Alvi.Moniza was born in Pakistan in 1954, to a Pakistani father and an English mother. She moved to England as a child, and revisted Pakistan for the first time in 1993.
25What is a ‘salwar kameez’? – 1 point What two cultures are explored in the poem? – 1 pointWhat materials does she long for? – 2 pointsWhat do the poet’s Aunt want in return? - 1 point“glistening like an orange split open” what poetic device is used here? – 2 pointsWho isn’t impressed by her presents? – 1 pointWhat is Lahore? – 1 pointHow does the poem end? – 2 pointsHow did the poet and her family travel to England? - 1 pointWhat does the structure of the poem reflect? – 2 points
27Key Points of the poem What is the poem about? Structure Voice in the poem/narratorPoetic devices usedTone of poemWhat is the effect/purpose of the poem?
28Key Points of the poem What is the poem about? Structure About a girl who is confused about her identify and is almost torn between cultures. She wants to the able to wear the clothes her aunts send her but feels that they are too exotic for her. Her friends think the clothes are strange . The poem ends with the poet reflecting on her childhood and home.Structure6 stanzas of different lengths. Jagged appearance which reflects the confusion the poet feels about her identity and which culture she belongs to.Voice in the poem/narratorWritten in the first person. Autobiographical – it is about the poet’s own experience which makes the poem seem more interesting. She is reflecting on her childhood and memories.Poetic devices usedMetaphors – lines 22-23Enjambment – lots of examples throughout poem.Simile – line 4Lots of visual imagery through colours.Tone of poemConfused – conflict between two cultures.What is the effect/purpose of the poem?Challenges the reader to think about their own culture, differences between cultures. Can you be part of two cultures.What defines us – where we are from or where we are?
29Key points about the poem The poem is about living in an alien culture where the poet feels a loss of identity and no sense of belonging.There is a sense that she can only observe her culture and not be part of it.The poem is about an individual experiencing two cultures.The differences between the two cultures are expressed through material objects, mainly clothes.
30Important lines in the poem “Candy - striped glass banglessnapped, drew blood.” - This is symbolic of how her tradition harms the poet. The clothes and jewellery are not practical for life in the West.“I tried each satin-silken top -was alien in the sitting-room” - The clothes represent PARADOX (contradiction). She admires the clothes but feel they are too exotic for her.“My costume clung to meand I was aflame” - Metaphor for the discomfort she is feeling. She wants to wear the clothes but as she is half-English, she feels she can not.
31“My mother cherished her jewellery - Indian gold, dangling, filligree “My mother cherished her jewellery - Indian gold, dangling, filligree. But it was stolen from our car” - This event is symbolic of the difficulties of changing from one culture to another. “no fixed nationality” - the poet has no real sense of belonging.
32PQE = point, quote, explain. How to get an A – C gradeYou need to be able to comment on the language that the poet uses and also explain the impact on the reader.Remember you always have to PQE!!PQE = point, quote, explain.
33QuestionsHow is the girl’s separation from both cultures suggested in the poem?Why do you think that the poem is structured in the way that it is?Which culture do you think she is more comfortable with and why?What is the effect of the poem being written in first person narrative?